降る

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See also: 降りる

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "降る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
降る [fúꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 降れ [fúꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive 降られる られ [fùráréꜜrù]
Causative 降らせる らせ [fùráséꜜrù]
Potential - - -
Volitional 降ろう [fùróꜜò]
Negative 降らない ない [fùráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 降らなかった なかった [fùráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 降ります りま [fùrímáꜜsù]
Perfective 降った った [fúꜜttà]
Conjunctive 降って って [fúꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 降れば れば [fúꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

() (furuintransitive godan (stem () (furi), past ()った (futta))

  1. to fall from the sky, to precipitate
    (あめ)()っている
    Ame ga futte iru.
    It's raining.
    (ゆき)()
    Yuki ga furu.
    The snow falls.
  2. (passive) to be hit by or caught in something falling head on.
    ゲリラ豪雨(ごうう)()られて全身(ぜんしん)びしょびしょになっちゃった。
    Gerira gōu ni furarete, zenshin bishobisho ni natchatta.
    There was a sudden rain storm, and I got soaked head to toe.
    昨日(きのう)親父(おやじ)(ひょう)()られた
    Kinō oyaji wa hyō ni furareta.
    My dad got caught in a hail storm yesterday.
Usage notes[edit]
  • This is one of the intransitive verbs lacking an active (transitive) pair which allows the use of passive voice to imply the negative emotion of or damage to the subject (recipient) of the verb.
Conjugation[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
くだ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of 降る – see the following entry.
くだ
[verb] descend
[verb] hand down an order, issue, sentence
[verb] surrender
[verb] have diarrhea
(This term, 降る, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)