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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Two Unicode z-code variants, at code points U+964D (main) and U+FA09 (alt).

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(hill, wall) + phonetic  ‎(descend) (note semantic value of 夅 as well) – descending a hill.

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓中竹水手 (NLHEQ), four-corner 77254, composition)

  1. descend, fall, drop
  2. lower, down

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣʌŋ/ /ɣɔŋ/ /ɣɔŋ/ /ɦɯɔŋ/ /ɦaɨwŋ/ /ɣɔŋ/ /ɣɔŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣʌŋH/ /kɔŋH/ /kɔŋH/ /kɯɔŋH/ /kaɨwŋH/ /kɔŋH/ /kɔŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiàng ‹ kæwngH › /*kˤruŋ-s (? < *-[u]m-s)/ descend
xiáng ‹ hæwng › /*m-kˤru[ŋ] (? < *-[u]m)/ submit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6279 0 /*kruːŋs/
6281 0 /*ɡruːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. descend
  2. precipitate
  3. fall
  4. surrender

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle Chinese *kɣʌŋH.

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gang, McCune-Reischauer: kang, Yale: kang)
  • Name (hangeul): 내릴()
  1. descent; descending
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle Chinese *ɦɣʌŋ.

Hanja[edit]

‎(hang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hang, McCune-Reischauer: hang)
  1. surrender
Derived terms[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hàng, giáng, giuống, nháng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.