Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+964D, 降
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-964D

[U+964C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+964E]

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Two Unicode z-code variants, at code points U+964D (main) and U+FA09 (alt).

Han character[edit]

(radical 170, +6 in Chinese, 阜+7 in Japanese, 9 strokes in Chinese, 10 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 弓中竹水手 (NLHEQ), four-corner 77254, composition)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𫱔 (kiung) Hakka

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms, *kromʔ, *kloːms
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms
*kʰluːms
*kr'oːms, *qʰloːms
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ, *ɡloːŋ, *ɡluːŋ
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ
*kruːŋs
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
窿 *ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ): semantic  (hill, wall) + phonetic  (OC *ɡruːŋ, descend) – descending a hill.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kiung - only in the sense “to give birth”;
  • kong - all other senses.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (9)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠʌŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚɔŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɔŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɔŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɔŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɔŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæwngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˤruŋ-s/ (? < *-[u]m-s)
    English descend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 6279
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kruːŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to fall; to drop; to descend; to come down
        ―  jiàngluò  ―  to fall; to land
    2. (honorific) to visit; to honour with one's presence
    3. to bestow; to confer
    4. to reduce; to decrease; to lower
    5. to be born
    6. (Hakka) to give birth
    7. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (9)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠʌŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚɔŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɔŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɔŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɔŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɔŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiáng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hæwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-kˤru[ŋ]/ (? < *-[u]m)
    English submit

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 6281
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡruːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to surrender; to capitulate; to give in
        ―  tóuxiáng  ―  to surrender
    2. to subdue; to vanquish

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. descend
    2. precipitate
    3. fall
    4. surrender

    Readings[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Middle Chinese *kɣʌŋH.

    Hanja[edit]

    (gang)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gang, McCune–Reischauer: kang, Yale: kang)
      • Name (hangeul): 내릴
    1. descent; descending
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Middle Chinese *ɦɣʌŋ.

    Hanja[edit]

    (hang)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: hang, McCune–Reischauer: hang)
      • Name (hangeul): 항복할
    1. surrender
    Derived terms[edit]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (giáng, giuống, hàng, nháng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.