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U+964D, 降
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-964D

[U+964C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+964E]

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Two Unicode z-code variants, at code points U+964D (main) and U+FA09 (alt).

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓中竹水手 (NLHEQ), four-corner 77254, composition)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms, *kromʔ, *kloːms
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms
*kʰluːms
*kr'oːms, *qʰloːms
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ, *ɡloːŋ, *ɡluːŋ
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ
*kruːŋs
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
窿 *ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ): semantic (hill, wall) + phonetic (OC *ɡruːŋ, descend) – descending a hill.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kiung - only in the sense “to give birth”;
  • kong - all other senses.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwŋH/
Li
Rong
/kɔŋH/
Wang
Li
/kɔŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤruŋ-s/ (? < *-[u]m-s)
English descend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6279
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fall; to drop; to descend; to come down
      ―  jiàngluò  ―  to fall; to land
  2. (honorific) to visit; to honour with one's presence
  3. to bestow; to confer
  4. to reduce; to decrease; to lower
  5. to be born
  6. (Hakka) to give birth
  7. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiáng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hæwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kˤru[ŋ]/ (? < *-[u]m)
English submit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6281
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡruːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to surrender; to capitulate; to give in
      ―  tóuxiáng  ―  to surrender
  2. to subdue; to vanquish

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. descend
  2. precipitate
  3. fall
  4. surrender

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle Chinese *kɣʌŋH.

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gang, McCune-Reischauer: kang, Yale: kang)
  • Name (hangeul): 내릴()
  1. descent; descending
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle Chinese *ɦɣʌŋ.

Hanja[edit]

‎(hang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hang, McCune-Reischauer: hang)
  1. surrender
Derived terms[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hàng, giáng, giuống, nháng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.