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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Two Unicode z-code variants, at code points U+964D (main) and U+FA09 (alt).

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ): semantic  ‎(hill, wall) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡruːŋ, descend) (note semantic value of 夅 as well) – descending a hill.

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓中竹水手 (NLHEQ), four-corner 77254, composition)

  1. descend, fall, drop
  2. lower, down

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (28)
Final () (9) (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɣʌŋ/ /kɣʌŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɯɔŋ/ /kɯɔŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɔŋ/ /kɔŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨwŋ/ /kaɨwŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɔŋ/ /kɔŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɔŋ/ /kɔŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɔŋ/ /kɔŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiáng jiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiàng xiáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwngH › ‹ hæwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤruŋ-s (? < *-[u]m-s)/ /*m-kˤru[ŋ] (? < *-[u]m)/
English descend submit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6279 6281
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːŋs/ /*ɡruːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

jiàng
Descend, fall

Pronunciation 2[edit]

xiáng
Surrender


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. descend
  2. precipitate
  3. fall
  4. surrender

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle Chinese *kɣʌŋH.

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gang, McCune-Reischauer: kang, Yale: kang)
  • Name (hangeul): 내릴()
  1. descent; descending
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle Chinese *ɦɣʌŋ.

Hanja[edit]

‎(hang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hang, McCune-Reischauer: hang)
  1. surrender
Derived terms[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hàng, giáng, giuống, nháng)

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