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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
人-order.gif
Stroke order
人-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left radical)

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – resembles the legs of a human being. The ancient version of this character depicted a man with arms and legs. Compare .

人 人 人 人
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 人 (O), four-corner 80000)

Usage notes[edit]

In print, 人 may have symmetric legs. However in handwriting, to distinguish from , the right leg will be shorter, the shape looking like a ʎ; in 入 the left leg is shorter.

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 91, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 190, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 101, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4EBA

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (人), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪn/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /ȵiĕn/ /ȵin/ /ȵin/ /ȵʑĭĕn/ /ȵʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rén ‹ nyin › /*ni[ŋ]/ (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10800 1 /*njin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. man, person, people
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    rén shì shéi? [Pinyin]
    Who is that person?
    敲門 [MSC, trad.]
    敲门 [MSC, simp.]
    Yǒu rén qiāomén le. [Pinyin]
    Someone knocked on the door.
  2. human being
    • 人類人类 (rénlèi, "humanity, human race, mankind")
  3. Homo sapiens
  4. body, mind
  5. everybody, everyone
  6. physical, psychological or moral quality or condition
  7. a person engaged in a particular activity; -er
  8. manpower, worker, employee
  9. talent, a person of talent
  10. other people
  11. common people, commoner
  12. adult, grown-up
  13. this world
  14. reason
  15. sexual intercourse
  16. company, companion, friend
  17. artificial, man-made
  18. () kernel
  19. () loving, kind; charity

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (人):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese.

/hi1to2/: *pitə > ɸito > çito

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana ひと, romaji hito)

  1. person
  2. human
  3. someone else
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese .

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana にん, romaji -nin)

  1. people
Usage notes[edit]

The above reading is used when counting three people or more. When counting one or two people, namely 一人 (hitori, one person) or 二人 (futari, two people), the reading is (-ri).

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Chinese . Later borrowing than nin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana じん, romaji -jin)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  1. person from that group; -ian
  2. person who does the activity of the suffixed word

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(in)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: in, McCune-Reischauer: in, Yale: in)
  • Name (hangeul): 사람 (revised: saram, McCune-Reischauer: saram, Yale: salam)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]




Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhân, nhơn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]