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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *keːɡs): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡeːɡs)

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人竹女火 (OHVF), four-corner 22293, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 104, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 220, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 164, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4FC2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to relate, to bear on
  2. (formal, literary, classical, Cantonese, Hakka) is, am, are, to be (copula)
    北京人 / 北京人  ―  Qí mǔ Běijīngrén.  ―  His mother is a native of Beijing.
    烏龍茶 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    乌龙茶 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Wu1 lung4-2 caa4 hai6 caa4 ge3 jat1 zung2. [Jyutping]
    Oolong tea is a type of tea.
  3. (Cantonese, Hakka) yes (as answer to a question)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("to be (+ noun)")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Usage notes[edit]

  • (Cantonese) Not to be confused with (hai2).
  • (Cantonese, Hakka) 係/系 is used in vernacular contexts, while (shì) is used in literary or formal contexts.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かかり, romaji kakari)

  1. person in charge

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana がかり, romaji -gakari)

  1. person in charge

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gye) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kye)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hệ, hể, hề, hễ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]