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U+4FC2, 係
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FC2

[U+4FC1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FC3]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
係-oracle.svg 係-bronze.svg 係-bigseal.svg 係-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*keːɡs
*ɡeːɡs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *keːɡs): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɡeːɡs).

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人竹女火 (OHVF), four-corner 22293, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 104, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 220, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 164, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4FC2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to relate, to bear on
  2. (formal, literary, classical, Cantonese, Hakka) is, am, are, to be (copula)
    北京人 / 北京人  ―  Qí mǔ Běijīngrén.  ―  His mother is a native of Beijing.
    烏龍茶 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    乌龙茶 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Wu1 lung4-2 caa4 hai6 caa4 ge3 jat1 zung2. [Jyutping]
    Oolong tea is a type of tea.
  3. (Cantonese, Hakka) yes (as answer to a question)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“to be (+ noun)”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Usage notes[edit]

  • (Cantonese) Not to be confused with (hai2).
  • (Cantonese, Hakka) 係/系 is used in vernacular contexts, while (shì) is used in literary or formal contexts.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かかり, romaji kakari)

  1. person in charge

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana がかり, romaji -gakari)

  1. person in charge
    カメラ (がかり)
    kamera-gakari
    cameraman
    撮影係 (さつえいがかり)
    satsuei-gakari
    photographer

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gye) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kye)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hệ, hể, hề, hễ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]