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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8336
Code point U+8336
Entity number 茶
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8335] [U+8337]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
茶-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿人木 (TOD), four-corner 44904, composition ⿳艹𠆢)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1029, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30915
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1488, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3207, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8336

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic . 茶 originates as a graphical modification of archaic (, “bitter plant”), used for tea in classical sources. Words represented by the two variants are etymologically cognate and are ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-la.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (茶), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 宅加切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɣa/ /ȡʱa/ /ȡa/ /ɖɯa/ /ɖaɨ/ /ȡa/ /ȡa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15747 0 𡨀 /*rlaː/ 俗𣘻字,荼轉註分化字

Noun[edit]

  1. tea (plant - tree, leaves)
  2. tea (beverage made by infusing tea leaves in hot water)
  3. (obsolete) a moment (the time it takes to drink a cup of tea)

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tea

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
(cha): a cup of tea.
Kanji in this term
ちゃ
Grade: 2
kan'yōon

From various dialects of Middle Chinese ‎(/ȡa/). Compare modern Mandarin reading chá, Hakka chhà, Cantonese caa4.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ちゃ, romaji cha)

  1. tea (not used in isolation in modern Japanese)
  2. brown

Usage notes[edit]

This term is not used on its own in modern Japanese. For the tea sense, this is used either with the honorific prefix ‎(o-), or in a compound such as 茎茶 ‎(kukicha, literally stem tea) or 緑茶 ‎(ryokucha, green tea).

  •  (ちゃ)はいかがですか。
    ocha wa ikaga desuka.
    How about some tea? (Would you like some tea?)

For the brown sense, this is used with the color suffix ‎(-iro), as in brown ‎(chairo, literally tea color).

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(da, cha) (hangeul , , revised da, cha, McCune-Reischauer ta, ch'a, Yale ta, cha)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trà, chè)

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