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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8336
Code point U+8336
Entity number 茶
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8335] [U+8337]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
茶-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿人木 (TOD), four-corner 44904, composition𠆢 or ⿳𠆢)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1029, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30915
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1488, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3207, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8336

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rlaː): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *la).

originates as a graphical modification of archaic (OC *rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː, “bitter plant”), used for “tea” in classical sources.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-la. Cognate with (OC *rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː, “bitter plant”).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰa²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zo²³/
Suzhou /zo¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zɑ²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zo³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sɔ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sa¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰa²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ta³⁵/
/te³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ta⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ta³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /te⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdɛ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ȡa/
Wang
Li
/ȡa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chá
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15747
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
𡨀
Old
Chinese
/*rlaː/
Notes 𣘻

Definitions[edit]

  1. tea (plant, leaves)
  2. tea (beverage made by infusing tea leaves in hot water)
  3. beverage (in general)
  4. (obsolete) a moment (the time it takes to drink a cup of tea)

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tea

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
(cha): a cup of tea.
Kanji in this term
ちゃ
Grade: 2
kan'yōon

From various dialects of Middle Chinese ‎(/ȡa/). Compare modern Mandarin reading chá, Hakka chhà, Cantonese caa4.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ちゃ, romaji cha)

  1. tea (not used in isolation in modern Japanese)
  2. brown

Usage notes[edit]

This term is not used on its own in modern Japanese. For the tea sense, this is used either with the honorific prefix ‎(o-), or in a compound such as 茎茶 ‎(kukicha, literally stem tea) or 緑茶 ‎(ryokucha, green tea).

  •  (ちゃ)はいかがですか。
    Ocha wa ikaga desuka.
    How about some tea? (Would you like some tea?)

For the brown sense, this is used with the color suffix ‎(-iro), as in brown ‎(chairo, literally tea color).

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(da, cha) (hangeul , , revised da, cha, McCune-Reischauer ta, ch'a, Yale ta, cha)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trà, chè)

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