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U+9918, 餘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9918

[U+9917]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9919]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 184 +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 人戈人一木 (OIOMD), four-corner 88794, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1420, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44185
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1945, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4456, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9918

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms nonstandard simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
餘-bigseal.svg 餘-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lja, *laː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː
*rlaː, *l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *l'aː
*ɦlja
*hljaː
*hljaː, *la
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːʔ
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːs
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰaːʔ
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰas, *las
*l̥ʰaː
*l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *la
*l'aː, *l'a
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *l̥ʰa
*l'aː
*lja
*lja
*ljaʔ
*ljaʔ
*l'a, *l'as
*rla
*rla
*rla
*ɦlja, *la
*hljaː
*hlja
*la
*la
*la
*la
*la
*las

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *la): semantic  + phonetic (OC *la).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Taiwanese:
    • î - vernacular;
    • û - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y³⁵/
Harbin /y²⁴/
Tianjin /y⁴⁵/
Jinan /y⁴²/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y⁴²/
Xi'an /y²⁴/
Xining /y²⁴/
Yinchuan /y⁵³/
Lanzhou /y⁵³/
Ürümqi /y⁵¹/
Wuhan /y²¹³/
Chengdu /y³¹/
Guiyang /i²¹/
Kunming /i³¹/
Nanjing /y²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /y¹¹/
Pingyao /y¹³/
Hohhot /y³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦy²³/
Suzhou /ɦy¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦz̩ʷ²¹³/
Wenzhou /vu³¹/
Hui Shexian /y⁴⁴/
Tunxi /y⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /y¹³/
Xiangtan /y¹²/
Gan Nanchang /y⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /i¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒï¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²¹/
Nanning /y²¹/
Hong Kong /jy²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /u³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /y⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ɯ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/iɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/iɔ/
Wang
Li
/jĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yo ›
Old
Chinese
/*la/
English remains; surplus

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*la/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to remain; to have left
  2. time after an event
  3. over; more than

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. (rare) be left over

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • is used in modern Japanese instead.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeo) (hangeul , revised yeo, McCune-Reischauer yŏ, Yale ye)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.