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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
之-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+3, 3 strokes, cangjie input 戈弓人 (INO), four-corner 30307)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
之-oracle.svg 之-bronze.svg 之-silk.svg 之-bigseal.svg 之-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(foot) +  ‎(the beginning place) – meaning “to go”.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiə/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī zhī
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyi › ‹ tsyi ›
Old
Chinese
/*tə/ /*tə/
English go to (3p object pronoun; attributive particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17188
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Indicates that the previous word has possession of the next one.
    生命  ―  shēngmìng zhī dào  ―  the way of life
    美國 / 美国  ―  Měiguó zhī shēng  ―  Voice of America
  2. Indicates that the previous word modifies the next one.
    • 尺寸  ―  chǐcùnzhīgōng  ―  a minor contribution
  3. This.
  4. To sprout, to come about.
  5. To go.
  6. The third-person pronoun: him, her, it, them, when it appears in a non-subject position in the sentence.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("possessive particle")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Wenzhou

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すすむ, romaji Susumu)

  1. A male given name
Usage notes[edit]

Formerly used to represent the possessive particle ‎(no). In modern Japanese, this character is seldom used, and most commonly found in names, such as 龍之介 ‎(Ryūnosuke).


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ji)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: gal, McCune-Reischauer: kal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chi, giây, , vương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]