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See also: and
U+53CA, 及
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53CA

[U+53C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CB]
及 U+2F836, 及
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F836
灰
[U+2F835]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 叟
[U+2F837]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes
Stroke order
及-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 29, +2 in traditional Chinese and Korean, 又+1 in mainland China and Japanese, 4 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 3 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 弓竹水 (NHE), four-corner 17247, composition ⿻⿹⿱丿(GJV or U+2F836) or ⿹⿱丿(HTK))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 165, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3118
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 35, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
及-oracle.svg 及-bronze.svg 及-seal.svg 及-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
趿 *sqʰɯːb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰrɯb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰaːb
*sqʰɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb, *kʰab
*skʰrɯːb
*skʰrɯːb, *ɡrab, *ɡab, *ɡrɯb
*ɡrab, *kab
*ɡrab, *ɡab
*ɡab
*sqʰrɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*ɡrɯb
*ŋɡrɯb
*qʰrɯb

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (hand) – a hand grabbing a person.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕi²⁴/ 來不~
/t͡ɕi⁵³/ ~格
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
/t͡ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /d͡ʑiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ²/ ~格
Hakka Meixian /kʰip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /kʰip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐp̚²/
Nanning /kɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /kɐp̚²/
/kʰɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kip̚⁵/
/kʰip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kip̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kip̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjip̚/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gip ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m-k-]rəp/
English reach to

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5664
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to reach; to extend to
  2. to catch up to; to reach the level of
  3. to be in time for
  4. and; as well as

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“and”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 同埋
Hong Kong 同埋
Taishan 同埋
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. reach out
  2. exert
  3. exercise
  4. cause

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geup) (hangeul )

  1. extend
  2. reach
  3. come up to

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cập)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.