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U+53DF, 叟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53DF

[U+53DE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53E0]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 29 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹X中水 (HXLE), four-corner 77407, composition𦥔)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 166, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3176
  • Dae Jaweon: page 378, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 399, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53DF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𡨎

𠋢

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*suːw
*suːw, *sɯːw
*suːwʔ
*sɯːw, *suːʔ
*slɯːwʔ, *suːʔ, *suːs, *srɯwɢ
*sluːʔ
*suːʔ
*suːʔ
*suːʔ, *sru
*suʔ, *sru
*sʰrus
餿 *sru
*sru
*sru
*sru, *sruʔ
*sru
*sru
*sru
*sru, *sro
*sru
*srus

Originally . Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (roof; house) +  (fire) +  (hand) – hand holding a torch in the house – original form of (“to search”).

Since the clerical script, the top components and have merged into the unrelated 𦥔.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/səuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/səuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/səuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/səwX/
Li
Rong
/suX/
Wang
Li
/səuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ suwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ruʔ/ (dialect: > *sruʔ > MC srjuwX > sruwX > suwX)
English old man

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12070
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suːʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. old man; old gentleman
  2. (honorific) Term of address for an elderly man: sir

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tẩu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.