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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
利-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木中弓 (HDLN), four-corner 22900, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 138, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1932
  • Dae Jaweon: page 313, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 329, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5229

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
利-oracle.svg 利-bronze.svg 利-silk.svg 利-bigseal.svg 利-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(grain) +  ‎(knife) – to reap grain () with a knife ().

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liH/
Li
Rong
/liH/
Wang
Li
/liH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ri[t]-s/
English sharp; profit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7898
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rids/

Definitions[edit]

  1. benefit; advantage
  2. (finance) interest
  3. to benefit; to be beneficial to
  4. favourable; successful
  5. sharp; sharp-edged
  6. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(lijH, profit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. profit, benefit

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ri, i) (hangeul , , revised ri, i, McCune-Reischauer ri, i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lợi, lời, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.