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U+5229, 利
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5229

[U+5228]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+522A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木中弓 (HDLN), four-corner 22900, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 138, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1932
  • Dae Jaweon: page 313, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 329, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5229

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
利-oracle.svg 利-bronze.svg 利-silk.svg 利-seal.svg 利-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (grain) +  (knife) – to reap grain () with a knife ().

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ri:t (to reap, scrape, shave, cut, sever) (STEDT, Schuessler, 2007); cognate to Mizo rîit (to scrap with a hoe), Western Gurung [script needed] (wriqba, to scratch), Burmese ရိတ် (rit, to cut, reap, mow shave)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: lê - sense “sharp” only.
Note:
  • lāi - vernacular;
  • lī - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (15)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /liH/
    Li
    Rong
    /liH/
    Wang
    Li
    /liH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /liH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ri[t]-s/
    English sharp; profit

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7898
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rids/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. benefit; advantage
    2. (finance) interest
    3. to benefit; to be beneficial to
    4. favourable; successful
    5. sharp; sharp-edged
    6. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. profit, benefit

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (lijH, profit).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (ri

    1. profit, benefit, advantage

    Antonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune–Reischauer ri>i)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: lợi[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: lời[1][2][3][4], lợi[1][2][3], rời[1][2], rơi[1], ráy[1], [3]

    1. Hán tự form of lợi (profit).
    2. Nôm form of lời (profit; interest).

    References[edit]