とし

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See also: とじ

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spellings

/to2si/ → /tosi/ → /toɕi/

From Old Japanese. Originally referred to grain, particularly rice, and by extension, the year's harvest.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

とし (toshiとし (tosi)?

  1. (obsolete) grain, particularly rice
  2. (obsolete) a grain harvest, a grain crop
  3. a year
  4. age

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of とし – see the following entries.
都市
[noun] city; town
杜詩
[noun] (poetry) poetry of Du Fu
妬視
[noun] (literary, uncommon) looking with envy
[verb] (literary, uncommon) to look enviously
徒死
[noun] dying in vain
[verb] to die in vain
(This term, とし, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.)

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative spellings
利し
鋭し
敏し
聆し
疾し
捷し

Adjective[edit]

とし (toshi-ku

  1. 利し, 鋭し: sharp
  2. 敏し, 聆し: smart, clever
  3. 疾し, 捷し: fast, quick
  4. 疾し, 鋭し: powerful, intense

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN