fast

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See also: Fast, FAST, fást, fȧst, and fäst

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English fast, from Old English fæst (fast, fixed, firm, secure; constant, steadfast; stiff, heavy, dense; obstinate, bound, costive; enclosed, closed, watertight; strong, fortified), from Proto-Germanic *fastaz, *fastijaz, *fastuz (fast, firm, secure); see it for cognates and further etymology.

The development of “rapid” from an original sense of “secure” apparently happened first in the adverb and then transferred to the adjective; compare hard in expressions like “to run hard”. The original sense of “secure, firm” is now slightly archaic, but retained in the related fasten (make secure).

Adjective[edit]

fast (comparative faster, superlative fastest)

  1. (dated) Firmly or securely fixed in place; stable. [from 9th c.]
    That rope is dangerously loose. Make it fast!
    Synonyms: firm, immobile, secure, stable, stuck, tight
    Antonym: loose
    Hyponyms: bedfast, chairfast, colorfast, fail-fast, lightfast, shamefast, soothfast, steadfast
  2. Firm against attack; fortified by nature or art; impregnable; strong.
    • (Can we date this quote by Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      outlaws [] lurking in woods and fast places
    Synonyms: fortified, impenetrable
    Antonyms: penetrable, weak
  3. (of people) Steadfast, with unwavering feeling. (Now mostly in set phrases like fast friend(s).) [from 10th c.]
  4. Moving with great speed, or capable of doing so; swift, rapid. [from 14th c.]
    I am going to buy a fast car.
    Synonyms: quick, rapid, speedy
  5. Causing unusual rapidity of play or action.
    a fast racket, or tennis court
    a fast track
    a fast billiard table
    a fast dance floor
  6. (computing, of a piece of hardware) Able to transfer data in a short period of time.
  7. Deep or sound (of sleep); fast asleep (of people). [16th-19th c.]
    • c. 1606, William Shakespeare, Macbeth, Act V, scene 1:
      Since his majesty went into the field, I have seen her rise from her bed, throw her nightgown upon her, unlock her closet, take forth paper, fold it, write upon’t, read it, afterwards seal it, and again return to bed; yet all this while in a most fast sleep.
    Synonyms: deep, sound
    Antonym: light
  8. (of dyes or colours) Not running or fading when subjected to detrimental conditions such as wetness or intense light; permanent. [from 17th c.]
    All the washing has come out pink. That red tee-shirt was not fast.
    Synonym: colour-fast
  9. (obsolete) Tenacious; retentive.
    • (Can we date this quote by Francis Bacon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Roses, damask and red, are fast flowers of their smells.
  10. (dated) Having an extravagant lifestyle or immoral habits. [from 18th c.]
    a fast woman
    • 1852, John Swaby, Physiology of the Opera (page 74)
      [] we remember once hearing a fast man suggest that they were evidently "nobs who had overdrawn the badger by driving fast cattle, and going it high" — the exact signification of which words we did not understand []
    • 1867, George W. Bungay, “Temperance and its Champions”, in The Herald of Health and Journal of Physical Culture[1], volume I, page 277:
      Had Senator Wilson won the unenviable reputation of being a fast man—a lover of wine, or had he shown himself to the public in a state of inebriety, unable to stand erect in Fanueil Hall for instance, leaning upon the desk to “maintain the center of gravity,” and uttering words that fell sprawling in “muddy obscurity” from lips redolent of rum, rendering it necessary for a prompter and an interpreter to sculpture his speech into symmetry for the public ear and the public press, he would have been pelted from his high office with the indignant ballots of his constituents.
  11. Ahead of the correct time or schedule. [from 19th c.]
    There must be something wrong with the hall clock. It is always fast.
    Synonym: ahead
    Antonyms: behind, slow
  12. (of photographic film) More sensitive to light than average. [from 20th c.]
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (occurring or happening within a short time): slow
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Related terms of fast (rapid)
Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fast (comparative faster, superlative fastest)

  1. In a firm or secure manner, securely; in such a way as not to be moved; safe, sound [from 10th c.].
    Hold this rope as fast as you can.
    Synonyms: firmly, securely, tightly
    Antonym: loosely
  2. (of sleeping) Deeply or soundly [from 13th c.].
    He is fast asleep.
    Synonym: deeply
    Antonym: lightly
  3. Immediately following in place or time; close, very near [from 13th c.].
    The horsemen came fast on our heels.
    Fast by the sturdy batsman the ball unheeded sped. / That ain't my style, said Casey. Strike one, the umpire said.
  4. Quickly, with great speed; within a short time [from 13th c.].
    • 2013 August 17, “Pennies streaming from heaven”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8849:
      Faster than a speeding bit, the internet upended media and entertainment companies. Piracy soared, and sales of albums and films slid. Newspapers lost advertising and readers to websites. Stores selling books, CDs and DVDs went bust. Doomsayers predicted that consumers and advertisers would abandon pay-television en masse in favour of online alternatives.
    Do it as fast as you can.
    Synonyms: quickly, rapidly, speedily, swiftly
    Antonym: slowly
  5. Ahead of the correct time or schedule.
    I think my watch is running fast.
    Synonym: ahead
    Antonym: behind
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

fast (plural fasts)

  1. (Britain, rail transport) A train that calls at only some stations it passes between its origin and destination, typically just the principal stations
    Synonyms: express, express train, fast train
    Antonyms: local, slow train, stopper
Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

fast

  1. (archery) Short for "stand fast", a warning not to pass between the arrow and the target
    Antonym: loose
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English fasten, from Old English fæstan (verb), from Proto-Germanic *fastijaną, derived from *fastuz, and thereby related to Etymology 1. Cognate with Dutch vasten, German fasten, Old Norse fasta, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽 (fastan), Russian пост (post). The noun is probably from Old Norse fasta.

Verb[edit]

fast (third-person singular simple present fasts, present participle fasting, simple past and past participle fasted)

  1. (intransitive) To restrict one’s personal consumption, generally of food, but sometimes other things, in various manners (totally, temporally, by avoiding particular items), often for religious or medical reasons.
    Muslims fast during Ramadan and Catholics during Lent.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

fast (plural fasts)

  1. The act or practice of abstaining from food or of eating very little food.
    Synonym: fasting
  2. The period of time during which one abstains from or eats very little food.
    Lent and Ramadan are fasts of two religions.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • fast in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • fast at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fast

  1. firm
  2. solid
  3. tight
  4. fixed
  5. permanent
  6. regular
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of fast
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular fast 2
Neuter singular fast 2
Plural faste 2
Definite attributive1 faste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German fast (almost, nearly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fast

  1. (dated) almost, nearly
    Synonyms: næsten, omtrent

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /faːst/, [fæːˀsd̥]

Verb[edit]

fast

  1. imperative of faste

German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old High German fasto, compare fest. Cognate with English adverb fast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fast

  1. almost; nearly
    Fast 60 Spielfilme sind zu sehen.There are almost 60 feature films to see.
    Synonyms: beinahe, knapp, nahezu
    Antonym: ganz
  2. (in a negative clause) hardly
    Synonym: kaum

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fast

  1. inflection of fasen:
    1. second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person plural present indicative/imperative

Further reading[edit]

  • fast in Duden online

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English fæst.

Adverb[edit]

fast

  1. fast (quickly)

Descendants[edit]

  • English: fast

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Adjective[edit]

fast (neuter singular fast, definite singular and plural faste)

  1. solid, steady, firm, fixed, permanent
    fast telefonfixed phone
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

fast

  1. imperative of faste

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology. Akin to English fast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fast (indefinite singular fast, definite singular and plural faste, comparative fastare, indefinite superlative fastast, definite superlative fastaste)

  1. solid, steady, firm, fixed, permanent, stuck

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Adjective[edit]

fast

  1. solid, firm

Declension[edit]



Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish faster, from Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fast

  1. caught (unable to move freely), captured
    Bankrånaren är nu fastThe bank robber has now been caught (by the police)
  2. firm, fastened, unmoving
    Ge mig en fast punkt, och jag skall flytta världenGive me one firm spot, and I'll move the world
  3. solid (as opposed to liquid)
    fasta tillståndets fysiksolid state physics

Declension[edit]

Inflection of fast
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular fast fastare fastast
Neuter singular fast fastare fastast
Plural fasta fastare fastast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 faste fastare fastaste
All fasta fastare fastaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fast

  1. fixed, firmly, steadily (synonymous to the adjective)
    att sitta fastto be stuck
    att sätta fastto attach
  2. almost, nearly
    och hade bedrifvit underslef af fast otrolig omfattningand had committed embezzlement of a almost unbelievable extent.

Conjunction[edit]

fast

  1. although, even though
    Farsan löper också bra, fast inte lika fort.Dad also runs well, although not as fast.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]