lena

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See also: Lena, leña, lēnā, lēna, and Léňa

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Fusion of le (with) with various meanings of a. The -n- is analogical to prepositions like i.

Particle[edit]

lena (triggers eclipsis, in regular past tenses lenar)

  1. with which, with whom (indirect relative; not used in the past tense except with some irregular verbs)
    an t-ord lena bhfuil sé ag briseadh an chathaoirthe sledgehammer with which he is breaking the chair
    an bhean lena dúirt sé éthe woman to whom he told it
    (literally ‘the woman with whom he said it’)

Usage notes[edit]

"With which" may also be expressed with the indirect relative particle before the verb and the appropriate inflected form of le in its original position in the clause:

  • an t-ord a bhfuil sé ag briseadh an chathaoir leis — the sledgehammer that he is breaking the chair with [it]
  • an bhean a dúirt sé léi é — the woman that he told it to [her]

Contraction[edit]

lena

  1. Contraction of le (with) + a (various meanings).
    ‘with his’ (triggers lenition):
    lena dheartháirwith his brother
    ‘with her’ (triggers h-prothesis):
    lena hathairwith her father
    ‘with their’ (triggers eclipsis:
    lena ndeartháirwith their brother
Related terms[edit]

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

lena f (plural lene)

  1. force, energy, vigour
  2. breath

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Feminization of lēnō (pimp).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lēna f (genitive lēnae); first declension

  1. (slang) procuress, madame
  2. vocative singular of lēna

lēnā f

  1. ablative singular of lēna

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative lēna lēnae
genitive lēnae lēnārum
dative lēnae lēnīs
accusative lēnam lēnās
ablative lēnā lēnīs
vocative lēna lēnae

References[edit]

  • lena in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lena in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “lena”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • lena” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a gentle, subdued voice: vox lenis, suppressa, summissa

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lena

  1. absolute singular definite and plural form of len.