den

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English den, from Old English denn (den, lair (of a beast), cave; a swine-pasture, a woodland pasture for swine), from Proto-Germanic *danjō (threshing-floor, barn-floor), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰen- (flat surface, board, sheet, area, palm of the hand). Cognate with Scots den (den, lair), Dutch denne (burrow, den, cave, attic), Dutch den (ship's deck, threshing-floor, mountain floor), Middle Low German denne, danne (threshing-floor, small dale), German Tenne (threshing-floor).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

den (plural dens)

  1. A small cavern or hollow place in the side of a hill, or among rocks; especially, a cave used by a wild animal for shelter or concealment.
    a den of robbers
    Daniel was put into the lions’ den.
  2. A squalid or wretched place; a haunt.
    a den of vice
    an opium den; a gambling den
  3. A comfortable room not used for formal entertaining.
  4. (UK, Scotland, obsolete) A narrow glen; a ravine; a dell.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

den (third-person singular simple present dens, present participle denning, simple past and past participle denned)

  1. (reflexive) To ensconce or hide oneself in (or as in) a den.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French denier, from Latin denarius.

Abbreviation[edit]

den

  1. Abbreviation of denier (a unit of weight)

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *gdonyo- (human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰom-yo- (earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

den m

  1. human being
  2. person, man
  3. husband

Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *gdonyo- (human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰom-yo- (earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

den m (plural tus)

  1. man
  2. person

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dьnь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic, from Proto-Indo-European *déi-no-, ultimately from *dyew-, *dyeu- (to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

den m inanimate

  1. day

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þann, the accusative form of , from Proto-Germanic *sa (that), from Proto-Indo-European *só (this, that).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dən/, /dɛn/, [d̥ən] or ['d̥ɛnˀ]
  • Rhymes: -ɛn, -ən

Article[edit]

den c (neuter det, plural de)

  1. (definite) the (used before an adjective preceding a noun)
    bilen - the car; den røde bil - the red car

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɛn/, [d̥ɛnˀ] or IPA(key): /dən/, [d̥ən]

Pronoun[edit]

den c (neuter det, plural de)

  1. (demonstrative) that, the
  2. (personal) it

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch dan, danne, denne (pine tree). Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *danwō-, *danjō- "pine tree". Cognate with German Tann.

Noun[edit]

den m (plural dennen, diminutive dennetje n)

  1. pine, pine tree
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Article[edit]

den (definite)

  1. (archaic) Dative (singular or plural) masculine form of de.
  2. (archaic) Dative (singular) neuter form of het.
    In den beginne schiep God den hemel en de aarde — In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth
  3. (archaic) Accusative singular masculine form of de.
    De baron gaf den koetsier een wenk en het rijtuig rolde heen. — The baron gave the coachman a sign and the carriage rode away. (from the story Gaston von Frankrijk by J.J.A. Goeverneur)
  4. (dialectal) Masculine (singular) definite article.
Declension[edit]
Dutch definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de de het de
Genitive des der des der
Dative den der den den
Accusative den de het de


Derived terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • The use of den was dropped from written Dutch during the spelling reform of 1947; de is now used instead.
  • Normally only the nominative is used; other forms are archaic but survive in a number of idiomatic expressions.

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

den (definite)

  1. the; accusative masculine singular of der
  2. the; dative plural for all genders of der

Declension[edit]

German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das die
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den die das die


Pronoun[edit]

den

  1. that; whom; accusative singular of der

Irish[edit]

Contraction[edit]

den

  1. Contraction of de an.
    Bhris mé den chrann é. — I broke it off the tree.
    Fuair sé bás den ocras. — He died of hunger.

Usage notes[edit]

This contraction is obligatory, i.e. *de an never appears uncontracted. It triggers lenition of a following consonant other than d, s, or t.


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

den

  1. rōmaji reading of でん

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

den

  1. rafsi of denci.

Luxembourgish[edit]

Determiner[edit]

den m

  1. unstressed form of deen

Declension[edit]

Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

den

  1. I, me, my

See also[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

den

  1. Nonstandard spelling of dēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of dèn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

den (genitive dens)

  1. it; third person singular, masculine/feminine gender. Nominative, accusative or dative.

Pronoun[edit]

den n

  1. (demonstrative pronoun) that

Article[edit]

den n

  1. The; only used if there is an adjective in front of the noun.
    bilen: the car → den røde bilen: the red car

Related terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

den m, f (neuter det, plural dei)

  1. (demonstrative pronoun) that

Article[edit]

den

  1. the; only used if there is an adjective in front of the noun.
    Han køyrde den raude bilen.
    He drove the red car.

Novial[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

den

  1. for (indicating the reason justifying a given deduction)

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

den

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present subjunctive form of dar.
  2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present subjunctive form of dar.
  3. Second-person plural (ustedes) imperative form of dar.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þann, accusative of , from Proto-Germanic *sa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

den c

  1. it
  2. that

Declension[edit]

Article[edit]

den c (definite)

  1. (before an adjective preceding a noun) the
    den röda bilen - “the red car”

Related terms[edit]