ham

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ham, HAM, hám, hâm, hầm, häm, Häm, håm, and hạm

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A baked ham (cured thigh of hog)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hamme, from Old English hamm (inner or hind part of the knee, ham), from Proto-Germanic *hamō, *hammō, *hanmō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg). Cognate with Dutch ham (ham), dialectal German Hamme (hind part of the knee, ham), dialectal Swedish ham (the hind part of the knee), Icelandic höm (the ham or haunch of a horse), Old Irish cnáim (bone), Ancient Greek κνήμη (knḗmē, shinbone). Compare gammon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham (countable and uncountable, plural hams)

  1. (anatomy) The region back of the knee joint; the popliteal space; the hock.
  2. (countable) A thigh and buttock of an animal slaughtered for meat.
  3. (uncountable) Meat from the thigh of a hog cured for food.
    a little piece of ham for the cat
    • 2012, Audra Lilly Griffeth, A King's Daughter, →ISBN:
      She put some ham in the beans and cut up some sweet potatoes to boil.
  4. The back of the thigh.
  5. (Internet, informal, uncommon) Electronic mail that is wanted; mail that is not spam or junk mail.
    Antonym: spam
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English hām.

Noun[edit]

ham (uncountable)

  1. Obsolete form of home.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Persists in many old place names, such as Buckingham.

References[edit]

  • ham” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.

Etymology 3[edit]

Of uncertain origin, though it is generally agreed upon that it first appeared in print around the 1880s. At least four theories persist:

  • It came naturally from the word amateur. Deemed likely by Hendrickson (1997), but then the question would be why it took so long to pop up. He rejects the folk etymology of Cockney slang hamateur because it originated in American English.[1]
  • From the play Hamlet, where the title character was often played poorly and/or in an exaggerated manner. Also deemed likely by Hendrickson, though he raises the issue that the term would have likely been around earlier if this were case.
  • From the minstrel's practice of using ham fat to remove heavy black makeup used during performances.[2]
  • Shortened from hamfatter (inferior actor), said to derive from the 1863 minstrel show song The Ham-fat Man.[3] William and Mary Morris (1988) argue that it's not known whether the song inspired the term or the term inspired the song, but that they believe the latter is the case.

Noun[edit]

ham (plural hams)

  1. (acting) An overacting or amateurish performer; an actor with an especially showy or exaggerated style.
    Synonyms: hambone, hamfatter, overactor, tear-cat
  2. (radio) An amateur radio operator.
    Synonym: radio amateur
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ham (third-person singular simple present hams, present participle hamming, simple past and past participle hammed)

  1. (acting) To overact; to act with exaggerated emotions.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hendrickson, Robert (1997) The Facts on File encyclopedia of word and phrase origins, New York: Facts on File, →ISBN
  2. ^ Morris, William (1988) Morris dictionary of word and phrase origins, New York: Harper & Row, →ISBN
  3. ^ "ham", Online Etymology Dictionary

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch hamme, from Old Dutch [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *hammō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham (plural hamme, diminutive hammetjie)

  1. ham (cured pork from the thigh of a swine)

Caribbean Hindustani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Hindi हम (ham, we).

Pronoun[edit]

ham

  1. I

References[edit]

  • Beknopt Nederland-Sarnami Woordenboek met Sarnami Hindoestani-Nederlanse Woordenlijst[1] (in Dutch), Paramaribo: Instituut voor Taalwetenschap, 2002

Catalan[edit]

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology[edit]

From Latin hamus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham m (plural hams)

  1. fishhook

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English ham, from Middle English hamme, from Old English hamm (inner or hind part of the knee, ham), from Proto-Germanic *hamō, *hammō, *hanmō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

Noun[edit]

ham

  1. ham; meat from the thigh of a hog cured for food

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hamr, Proto-Germanic *hamaz, *hamô

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham c (singular definite hammen, plural indefinite hamme)

  1. slough, skin
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Older hannem, from Old Norse hǫnum, the dative of hann (he).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ham

  1. (personal) objective of han
See also[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch hamme, from Old Dutch [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *hammō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham f (plural hammen, diminutive hammetje n)

  1. ham (cured pork from the thigh of a swine)

Derived terms[edit]


Fiji Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi हम (ham, we, I).

Pronoun[edit]

ham

  1. I (1st person singular personal pronoun)
    Ham khelegaa!
    I will play!

Fyer[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Gerka ram (water).

Noun[edit]

ham

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Roger Blench, Ron Comparative Wordlist
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Ron *ham [GT]: Fyer & Bks. & DB & Sha ham, Klr. ˀaàm []
  • Václav Blažek, A Lexicostatistical comparison of Omotic languages, in In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory: Essays in the four fields of anthropology, page 122

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham m

  1. h-prothesized form of am

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ham

  1. Alternative form of hem (them)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham (plural hamen or hames)

  1. (Early Middle English, Northern) Alternative form of hom (home)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham (plural hames)

  1. Alternative form of hamme (back of the knee)

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham (plural hames)

  1. Alternative form of hamme (pasture)

Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham m (plural hams)

  1. village

Montol[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Mwaghavul am (water).

Noun[edit]

hàm

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Tal hàm [Jng./JI], Mnt. hàm "Wasser" [Jng. 1965, 171], []

North Frisian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ham

  1. him third-person singular, masculine, objective
  2. it third-person singular, neuter, objective

Alternative forms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hann.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ham

  1. him

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hamr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham m (definite singular hammen, indefinite plural hammer, definite plural hammene)

  1. skin or slough (discarded skin of certain animals)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hamr

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham m (definite singular hamen, indefinite plural hamar, definite plural hamane)

  1. skin or slough (discarded skin of certain animals)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *haimaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kōim- (village), *ḱóymos, *(t)ḱoimos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hām m

  1. home, house
    Hǣlend cōm tō Lazares hām.Jesus came to Lazarus' home.
  2. property, estate, farm
  3. village; community

Usage notes[edit]

  • In early Old English, the dative singular was always hām, not the expected form hāme.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle English: hom
    • English: home
    • Northumbrian: hyem
    • Scots: hame

Adverb[edit]

hām

  1. home, homeward
    hām gānto go home
    hām cumanto come home
    hām ċierranto turn home
    hām bringanto bring home

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hammaz. Cognate with Old Frisian ham, Middle Low German hamme (Low Low German Hamm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham m

  1. Alternative form of hamm (enclosure)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hammō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham f

  1. Alternative form of hamm (inner knee)

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Frankish *haim (home, village).

Noun[edit]

ham m (oblique plural hans, nominative singular hans, nominative plural ham)

  1. village

Descendants[edit]


Rohingya[edit]

Noun[edit]

ham

  1. work

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Hungarian hám.

Noun[edit]

ham n (plural hamuri)

  1. harness
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection[edit]

ham!

  1. woof, the sound a barking dog makes

See also[edit]


Ron[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Gerka ram (water).

Noun[edit]

ham

  1. (most dialects, including Mangar, Bokkos, Daffo-Butura, Shagawu) water

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Roger Blench, Ron Comparative Wordlist
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Ron *ham [GT]: Fyer & Bks. & DB & Sha ham, Klr. ˀaàm []

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A loan from Hungarian hám.

Noun[edit]

hȃm m (Cyrillic spelling ха̑м)

  1. harness

Sha[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Gerka ram (water).

Noun[edit]

ham

  1. water

References[edit]


Tal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Mwaghavul am (water).

Noun[edit]

hàm

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Tal hàm [Jng./JI], Mnt. hàm "Wasser" [Jng. 1965, 171], []

Tambas[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Gerka ram (water).

Noun[edit]

ham

  1. water

References[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian خام(xâm).

Adjective[edit]

ham (comparative daha ham, superlative en ham)

  1. raw

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ham (𫺧, 𫻎)

  1. greedy
  2. eager; keen

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

ham c (plural hammen, diminutive hamke)

  1. ham

Further reading[edit]

  • ham (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011