home

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Home, homẽ, home-, and Hô-me

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English home, hom, hoom, ham, from Old English hām (village, hamlet, manor, estate, home, dwelling, house, region, country), from Proto-West Germanic *haim, from Proto-Germanic *haimaz (home, village), from Proto-Indo-European *tḱóymos (village, home), from the root *tḱey-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

home (plural homes)

  1. A dwelling.
    1. One’s own dwelling place; the house or structure in which one lives; especially the house in which one lives with one's family; the habitual abode of one’s family; also, one’s birthplace.
      • 1526, [William Tyndale, transl.], The Newe Testamẽt [] (Tyndale Bible), [Worms, Germany: Peter Schöffer], OCLC 762018299, John xx:[10], folio clj, recto:
        And the diſciples went awaye agayne vnto their awne home.
      • 1808, John Dryden, Walter Scott (editor), The Works of John Dryden:
        Thither for ease and soft repose we come: / Home is the sacred refuge of our life; / Secured from all approaches, but a wife.
      • 1822, John Howard Payne, Home! Sweet Home!:
        Home! home! sweet, sweet home! / There’s no place like home, there’s no place like home.
      • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 132:
        If we now say that "woman's place is in the home," it is not because men put her there, but because the home became the capitol of women's mysteries.
      • 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
        Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
    2. The place where a person was raised; childhood or parental home; home of one’s parents or guardian.
      • 2004, Jean Harrison, Home:
        The rights listed in the UNCRC cover all areas of children's lives such as their right to have a home and their right to be educated.
    3. The abiding place of the affections, especially of the domestic affections.
      • 1821, George Gordon Byron, Don Juan, canto III:
        He enter’d in the house—his home no more, / For without hearts there is no home; []
    4. A house that has been made home-like, to suit the comfort of those who live there.
      It's what you bring into a house that makes it a home
    5. A place of refuge, rest or care; an asylum.
      a home for outcasts
      a home for the blind
      a veterans' home
      Instead of a pet store, get your new dog from the local dogs’ home.
    6. (by extension) The grave; the final rest; also, the native and eternal dwelling place of the soul.
      • 1769, King James Bible, Oxford Standard text, Ecclesiastes 12:5:
        [] because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets: []
  2. One’s native land; the place or country in which one dwells; the place where one’s ancestors dwell or dwelt.
    • 1863, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Our Old Home: A Series of English Sketches:
      Visiting these famous localities, and a great many others, I hope that I do not compromise my American patriotism by acknowledging that I was often conscious of a fervent hereditary attachment to the native soil of our forefathers, and felt it to be our own Old Home.
    • 1908, W[illiam] B[lair] M[orton] Ferguson, chapter IV, in Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 731476803:
      So this was my future home, I thought! Certainly it made a brave picture. I had seen similar ones fired-in on many a Heidelberg stein. Backed by towering hills, [] a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one's dreams.
    • 1980, Peter Allen, song, I Still Call Australia Home:
      I've been to cities that never close down / From New York to Rio and old London town / But no matter how far or how wide I roam / I still call Australia home.
  3. The locality where a thing is usually found, or was first found, or where it is naturally abundant; habitat; seat.
    the home of the pine
    • 1706, Matthew Prior, An Ode, Humbly Inscribed to the Queen, on the ẛucceẛs of Her Majeẛty's Arms, 1706, as republished in 1795, Robert Anderson (editor), The Works of the British Poets:
      [] Flandria, by plenty made the home of war, / Shall weep her crime, and bow to Charles r'estor'd, []
    • 1849, Alfred Tennyson, In Memoriam A. H. H.:
      Her eyes are homes of silent prayer, / Nor other thought her mind admits / But, he was dead, and there he sits, / And he that brought him back is there.
    • 2013 September 7, “Nodding acquaintance”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8852:
      Africa is home to so many premier-league diseases (such as AIDS, childhood diarrhoea, malaria and tuberculosis) that those in lower divisions are easily ignored.
  4. A focus point.
    1. (board games) The ultimate point aimed at in a progress; the goal.
      The object of Sorry! is to get all four of your pawns to your home.
    2. (baseball) Home plate.
    3. (lacrosse) The place of a player in front of an opponent’s goal; also, the player.
    4. (Internet) The landing page of a website; the site's homepage.
    5. (music, informal) The chord at which a melody starts and to which it can resolve.
  5. (computing) Clipping of home directory.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from home (noun)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

home (third-person singular simple present homes, present participle homing, simple past and past participle homed)

  1. (of animals, transitive) To return to its owner.
    The dog homed.
  2. (always with "in on", transitive) To seek or aim for something.
    The missile was able to home in on the target.
    • 2008 July, Ewen Callaway, New Scientist:
      Much like a heat-seeking missile, a new kind of particle homes in on the blood vessels that nourish aggressive cancers, before unleashing a cell-destroying drug.

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

home (not comparable)

  1. Of, from, or pertaining to one’s dwelling or country; domestic; not foreign [from 13th c.]
    home manufactures
    home comforts
  2. (now rare, except in phrases) That strikes home; direct, pointed. [from 17th c.]
  3. (obsolete) Personal, intimate. [17th–19th c.]
    • 1778, Frances Burney, Journals & Letters, Penguin 2001, p. 91:
      I hardly knew what I answered him, but, by degrees I tranquillised, as I found he forbore distressing me any further, by such Home strokes […].
  4. (sports) Relating to the home team (the team at whose venue a game is played). [from 19th c.]
    the home end, home advantage, home supporters
    Antonyms: away, road, visitor

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

home (not comparable)

  1. To one's home
    1. To one's place of residence or one's customary or official location
      come home
      carry someone home
      • 1863, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Our Old Home: A Series of English Sketches,
        He made no complaint of his ill-fortune, but only repeated in a quiet voice, with a pathos of which he was himself evidently unconscious, "I want to get home to Ninety-second Street, Philadelphia."
      • 1892, Walter Besant, “Prologue: Who is Edmund Gray?”, in The Ivory Gate [], New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], OCLC 16832619, page 16:
        Athelstan Arundel walked home all the way, foaming and raging. No omnibus, cab, or conveyance ever built could contain a young man in such a rage. His mother lived at Pembridge Square, which is four good measured miles from Lincoln's Inn.
    2. To one's place of birth
    3. To the place where it belongs; to the end of a course; to the full length
      She drove the nail home
      ram a cartridge home
    4. (Internet) To the home page
      Click here to go home.
  2. At or in one's place of residence or one's customary or official location; at home
    Everyone's gone to watch the game; there's nobody home.
    I'm home!
  3. To a full and intimate degree; to the heart of the matter; fully, directly.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, dedication to the Duke of Buckingham, in Essays Civil and Moral,
      I do now publish my Essays; which of all my other works have been most current : for that, as it seems, they come home to men's business and bosoms.
    • 1692–1717, Robert South, Twelve Sermons Preached upon Several Occasions, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), 6th edition, London: [] J[ames] Bettenham, for Jonah Bowyer, [], published 1727, OCLC 21766567:
      How home the charge reaches us, has been made out by ẛhewing with what high impudence ẛome amongẛt us defend sin, []
    • 1748, [Samuel Richardson], “Letter LXVII”, in Clarissa. Or, The History of a Young Lady: [], volume (please specify |volume=I to VII), London: [] S[amuel] Richardson; [], OCLC 13631815:
      Her treatment of you, you say, does no credit either to her education or fine sense. Very home put, truly!
  4. (UK, soccer) into the goal
    • 2004, Tottenham 4-4 Leicester, BBC Sport: February,
      Walker was penalised for a picking up a Gerry Taggart backpass and from the resulting free-kick, Keane fired home after Johnnie Jackson's initial effort was blocked.
  5. (nautical) into the right, proper or stowed position
    sails sheeted home

Usage notes[edit]

  • Home is often used in the formation of compound words, many of which need no special definition; as, home-brewed, home-built, home-grown, etc.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • home at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • home in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • home in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin homō, hominem, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ.

Noun[edit]

home m (plural homes)

  1. man
    L'home equí ye'l fíu la MaríaThis man here is María's son
  2. person
  3. husband

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Catalan home~hom, from Latin hominem, homō (human being), from Old Latin hemō, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰmṓ (earthling).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

home m (plural homes or hòmens)

  1. man
  2. husband
    Synonyms: cònjuge, espòs, marit

Antonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Classical Nahuatl[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ho̊me

  1. (Codex Magliabechiano) Obsolete spelling of ōme

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From homo.

Adverb[edit]

home

  1. humanly

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *homeh, from earlier *šomeš, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *swammaz or earlier Pre-Germanic. Cognate to Karelian homeh, Veps homeh.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhomeˣ/, [ˈho̞me̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ome
  • Syllabification(key): ho‧me

Noun[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

home

  1. mildew, mold
    Tämä leipä on homeessa.
    This bread is moldy
    (literally, “This bread is in mold.”)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of home (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative home homeet
genitive homeen homeiden
homeitten
partitive hometta homeita
illative homeeseen homeisiin
homeihin
singular plural
nominative home homeet
accusative nom. home homeet
gen. homeen
genitive homeen homeiden
homeitten
partitive hometta homeita
inessive homeessa homeissa
elative homeesta homeista
illative homeeseen homeisiin
homeihin
adessive homeella homeilla
ablative homeelta homeilta
allative homeelle homeille
essive homeena homeina
translative homeeksi homeiksi
instructive homein
abessive homeetta homeitta
comitative homeineen
Possessive forms of home (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person homeeni homeemme
2nd person homeesi homeenne
3rd person homeensa

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Home ("man")
Home ("man")

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese ome, omẽe, from Latin homō, hominem, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

home m (plural homes)

  1. human; person
    Unha sebe tres anos dura; un can tres sebes; unha mula tres cans; un home tres mulas (proverb)
    A hedge lasts three years; a dog three hedges; a mule three dogs; a person three mules
  2. mankind
    O home chegou á Lúa en 1969Mankind arrived to the Moon in 1969
  3. man (adult male)
    Home casado muller é (proverb)The Married man is a woman
  4. male human
    Home pequeno fol de veleno (proverb)Small man, skin [bag] of venom
  5. husband
    Éste é o meu home, XaquínThis is my husband, Joachim

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

home

  1. man! (expresses surprise, or mild annoyance)
    -Es o campión do mundo? Contento? -Home!...-You're the champion of the world? Are you happy? -Man!... [Of course I'm happy, what kind of question is this?]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • home” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • home” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • home” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • home” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • home” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  • home” in Dicionário Estraviz de galego (2014).

Ingrian[edit]

Home leivän pääl.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *homeh. Cognates include Finnish home and Veps homeh.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

home

  1. mould

Declension[edit]

Declension of home (type 6/lähe, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative home hommeet
genitive hommeen hommein
partitive hometta hommeita
illative hommeesse hommeisse
inessive hommees hommeis
elative hommeest hommeist
allative hommeelle hommeille
adessive hommeel hommeil
ablative hommeelt hommeilt
translative hommeeks hommeiks
essive hommeenna, hommeen hommeinna, hommein
exessive1) hommeent hommeint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 67

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English home.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

home f (invariable)

  1. (computing) home (initial position of various computing objects)

References[edit]

  1. ^ home in Dizionario Italiano Olivetti, Olivetti Media Communication
  2. ^ home video in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams[edit]


Leonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin homō, hominem, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ.

Noun[edit]

home m (plural homes)

  1. man

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

home (plural homes)

  1. Alternative form of hom (home)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

home

  1. Alternative form of whom (whom)

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

home

  1. Alternative form of hem (them)

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

home (plural homes)

  1. Alternative form of hamme (enclosure; meadow)

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

home

  1. Alternative form of hame (hame (part of a harness))

Etymology 6[edit]

Verb[edit]

home (third-person singular simple present hometh, present participle homende, homynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle homed)

  1. Alternative form of hummen (to hum)

Mirandese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin homō, hominem, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ.

Noun[edit]

home m (plural homes)

  1. man
  2. husband

Antonyms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

home (present tense homar, past tense homa, past participle homa, passive infinitive homast, present participle homande, imperative home/hom)

  1. alternative form of homa (non-standard since 2012)

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

see hom for alternative nominative singular forms

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *(h)omne, Latin hominem, accusative singular of homō. The nominative form hom, om, on, hon derives from the Latin nominative homō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

home m (oblique plural homes, nominative singular hom, nominative plural home)

(oblique case)

  1. man (male adult human being)
  2. man (mankind; Homo sapiens)
    • circa 1120, Philippe de Taon, Bestiaire, line 476:
      O HOM de sancte vie, entent que signefie
      O MAN of sacred life, listen to what this means
  3. vassal; manservant

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: homme
    • French: homme, Homme
      • Haitian Creole: lòm
      • Karipúna Creole French: uóm
      • Louisiana Creole French: n'homme
      • Saint Dominican Creole French: n'homme
        • Haitian Creole: nonm
      • English: en homme
    • French: on, l'on
      • Esperanto: oni
      • Interlingue: on
  • Norman: houme (France), haomme (Guernsey), houmme (Jersey)
  • Picard: onme
  • Walloon: ome

References[edit]


Old Occitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

home m (oblique plural homes, nominative singular hom, nominative plural home)

  1. Alternative form of ome

Old Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

home m

  1. Alternative form of ome

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Denasalization of homem.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

home m (plural homes)

  1. (nonstandard) Alternative form of homem