οἴκημα

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Ancient Greek[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From οἶκος (oikos, house, dwelling, room), οἰκέω (oikeō, I inhabit), from Proto-Indo-European *woiḱos +‎ -μα (-ma) .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

οἴκημα (oikēma) (genitive οἰκήματος) n, third declension

  1. dwelling-place, home, building
    • circa 522–443 BC, Pindar, Second Olympian Ode:
      εὐωνύμων τε πατέρων ἄωτον ὀρθόπολιν:
      καμόντες οἳ πολλὰ θυμῷ
      ἱερὸν ἔσχον οἴκημα ποταμοῦ, Σικελίας τ᾽ ἔσαν / ὀφθαλμός,
      1990, Diane Arnson Svarlien, translation of the Odes of Pindar:
      the strength of the city, the choicest bloom of illustrious ancestors,
      who labored much with their spirits,
      and won a sacred home by the river, and were the eye of Sicily;
    • circa 150, Pausanias, Description of Greece:
      μεγέθει μὲν μέγα τὸ οἴκημα, ἐντὸς δὲ αὐτοῦ κίονες κατὰ μῆκός εἰσιν ἑστηκότες:
      1918, translation by W. H. S. Jones of the Description of Greece by Pausanias:
      The building is large, and within are pillars standing throughout its length.
    1. room, chamber
  2. brothel
    • Herodotus, Histories, Book 2:
      τὴν θυγατέρα τὴν ἑωυτοῦ κατίσαι ἐπ᾽ οἰκήματος,
      1920, translation by A. D. Godley:
      he put his own daughter in a brothel,
  3. temple, shrine
    • Herodotus, Histories, Book 8:
      πρῶτα μὲν καὶ μέγιστα τῶν θεῶν τὰ ἀγάλματα καὶ τὰ οἰκήματα ἐμπεπρησμένα τε καὶ συγκεχωσμένα,
      1920, translation by A. D. Godley:
      first and foremost, the burning and destruction of the adornments and temples of our gods,
    1. room in a temple
  4. prison; cell
    • Acts 12.7:
      καὶ ἰδοὺ ἄγγελος κυρίου ἐπέστη, καὶ φῶς ἔλαμψεν ἐν τῷ οἰκήματι: πατάξας δὲ τὴν πλευρὰν τοῦ Πέτρου ἤγειρεν αὐτὸν λέγων, Ἀνάστα ἐν τάχει. καὶ ἐξέπεσαν αὐτοῦ αἱ ἁλύσεις ἐκ τῶν χειρῶν.
      Acts 12.7 (KVJ):
      And, behold, the angel of the Lord came upon him, and a light shined in the prison: and he smote Peter on the side, and raised him up, saying, Arise up quickly. And his chains fell off from his hands.
  5. storeroom
  6. workshop
  7. story, floor
  8. cage for animals
  9. (a horse’s) stable, stall

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]