animal

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English animal, from Old French animal, from Latin animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animalis, from anima (breath, spirit). Displaced native Middle English deor, der (animal) (from Old English dēor (animal)), Middle English reother (animal, neat) (from Old English hrīþer, hrȳþer (neat, ox)).

Noun[edit]

animal (plural animals)

  1. In scientific usage, a multicellular organism that is usually mobile, whose cells are not encased in a rigid cell wall (distinguishing it from plants and fungi) and which derives energy solely from the consumption of other organisms (distinguishing it from plants).
    A cat is an animal, not a plant.   Humans are also animals, under the scientific definition, as we are not plants.
  2. In non-scientific usage, any member of the kingdom Animalia other than a human being.
  3. In non-scientific usage, any land-living vertebrate (i.e. not birds, fishes, insects etc.).
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 4: 
      Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
  4. (figuratively) A person who behaves wildly; a bestial, brutal, brutish, cruel, or inhuman person.
    My students are animals.
  5. (informal) A person of a particular type.
    a political animal
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Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin animalis, from either anima (breath, spirit) or animus. Originally distinct from the noun, it became associated with attributive use of the noun and is now indistinguishable from it.

Adjective[edit]

animal (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to animals.
    animal instincts
  2. Raw, base, unhindered by social codes.
    animal passions
  3. Pertaining to the spirit or soul; relating to sensation or innervation.
    • 2003, To explain what activated the flesh, ‘animal spirits’ were posited, superfine fluids which shuttled between the mind and the vitals, conveying messages and motion. — Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason (Penguin 2004, p. 47)
  4. (slang, Ireland) Excellent.
Synonyms[edit]
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Asturian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

animal (epicene, plural animales)

  1. animal

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animales)

  1. animal

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animals)

  1. animal

Adjective[edit]

animal m, f (masculine and feminine plural animals)

  1. animal

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin animal, animalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animaux)

  1. animal

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

animal m (feminine animale, masculine plural animaux, feminine plural animales)

  1. animal

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Galician[edit]

Adjective[edit]

animal m, f (plural animais)

  1. animal

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animais)

  1. animal

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French animal, from Latin animal.

Noun[edit]

animal

  1. animal

Synonyms[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal (plural animales)

  1. animal

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From anima (breath, life)

Noun[edit]

animal n (genitive animālis); third declension

  1. animal
  2. living creature

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter "pure" i-stem.

Number Singular Plural
nominative animal animālia
genitive animālis animālium
dative animālī animālibus
accusative animal animālia
ablative animālī animālibus
vocative animal animālia

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Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animaux or animaulx)

  1. animal

Synonyms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin animal, animalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animais)

  1. animal

Adjective[edit]

animal m, f (plural animais; comparable)

  1. Or or relating to animals; animal.
  2. (slang) cool; nice

Inflection[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin animalis through French animal.

Adjective[edit]

animal 4 nom/acc forms

  1. animal, animalistic
  2. brutal

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

animal

  1. brutally

Noun[edit]

animal n (plural animale)

  1. animal

Declension[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin animal.

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animals)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) animal

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin animal, animalis.

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animales)

  1. animal

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English animal

Noun[edit]

animal

  1. animal (members of Kingdom Animalia that are not humans)
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:25 (translation here):
      God i kamapim ol kain kain animal bilong ples na ol bikpela na liklik animal bilong bus. God i lukim olgeta dispela samting i gutpela, na em i amamas.


This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.