animal

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English animal, from Old French animal, from Latin animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animalis, from anima ‎(breath, spirit). Displaced native Middle English deor, der ‎(animal) (from Old English dēor ‎(animal)), Middle English reother ‎(animal, neat) (from Old English hrīþer, hrȳþer ‎(neat, ox)).

Noun[edit]

animal ‎(plural animals)

  1. In scientific usage, a multicellular organism that is usually mobile, whose cells are not encased in a rigid cell wall (distinguishing it from plants and fungi) and which derives energy solely from the consumption of other organisms (distinguishing it from plants).
    A cat is an animal, not a plant.   Humans are also animals, under the scientific definition, as we are not plants.
  2. In non-scientific usage, any member of the kingdom Animalia other than a human being.
  3. In non-scientific usage, any land-living vertebrate (i.e. not birds, fishes, insects etc.).
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 4: 
      Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
  4. (figuratively) A person who behaves wildly; a bestial, brutal, brutish, cruel, or inhuman person.
    My students are animals.
  5. (informal) A person of a particular type.
    a political animal
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
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Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin animalis, from either anima ‎(breath, spirit) or animus. Originally distinct from the noun, it became associated with attributive use of the noun and is now indistinguishable from it.

Adjective[edit]

animal ‎(not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to animals.
    animal instincts
  2. Raw, base, unhindered by social codes.
    animal passions
  3. Pertaining to the spirit or soul; relating to sensation or innervation.
    • 2003, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason (Penguin 2004), page 47:
      To explain what activated the flesh, ‘animal spirits’ were posited, superfine fluids which shuttled between the mind and the vitals, conveying messages and motion.
  4. (slang, Ireland) Excellent.
Synonyms[edit]
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Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin animal.

Adjective[edit]

animal (epicene, plural animales)

  1. animal

Noun[edit]

animal m ‎(plural animales)

  1. animal

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin animal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal m ‎(plural animals)

  1. animal

Adjective[edit]

animal m, f ‎(masculine and feminine plural animals)

  1. animal

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin animal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal m ‎(plural animaux)

  1. animal

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

animal m (feminine singular animale, masculine plural animaux, feminine plural animales)

  1. animal

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

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External links[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin animal.

Adjective[edit]

animal m, f (plural animais)

  1. animal

Noun[edit]

animal m ‎(plural animais)

  1. animal

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French animal, from Latin animal.

Noun[edit]

animal

  1. animal

Synonyms[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal ‎(plural animales)

  1. animal

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From anima ‎(breath, life)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal n ‎(genitive animālis); third declension

  1. animal
  2. living creature

Inflection[edit]

Third declension "pure" neuter i-stem.

Number Singular Plural
nominative animal animālia
genitive animālis animālium
dative animālī animālibus
accusative animal animālia
ablative animālī animālibus
vocative animal animālia

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Descendants[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animaux or animaulx)

  1. animal

Synonyms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin animal. See also alimária.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animais)

  1. animal

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:animal.

Adjective[edit]

animal m, f ‎(plural animais, comparable)

  1. Or or relating to animals; animal.
  2. (slang) cool; nice

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:animal.

Inflection[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French animal, from Latin animal.

Adjective[edit]

animal 4 nom/acc forms

  1. animal, animalistic
  2. brutal

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

animal

  1. brutally

Noun[edit]

animal n (plural animale)

  1. animal

Declension[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin animal.

Noun[edit]

animal m (plural animals)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) animal

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin animal. See also alimaña.

Noun[edit]

animal m ‎(plural animales)

  1. animal

Adjective[edit]

animal m, f ‎(plural animales)

  1. animal

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English animal.

Noun[edit]

animal

  1. animal (members of Kingdom Animalia that are not humans)
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:25 (translation here):
      God i kamapim ol kain kain animal bilong ples na ol bikpela na liklik animal bilong bus. God i lukim olgeta dispela samting i gutpela, na em i amamas.
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.