besta

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: bêsta, bestå, and bésta

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aː

Verb[edit]

besta

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bestaan
  2. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of bestaan
  3. imperative of bestaan

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

bestas bravas ("wild horses") in Galicia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese besta, from Latin bēstia (beast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

besta f (plural bestas)

  1. beast (quadruped animal)
  2. horse or any other equine
    • 1326, Antonio López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 295:
      pelas bestas de caualgar et carrega
      for the animals [used] for riding or for carrying load
    • 1813, anonymous, Conversa no adro da igrexa:
      Dixêronme que asta á besta que trouxêra á balixâ con tan boa notisea, chegara mais sedo do que habia doito leda coma un cuco.
      They told me that even the horse that brought the postbag with such good news arrived earlier than usual, happy as a lark.
  3. mount
    • 1775, María Francisca Isla y Losada, Romance:
      Virés acò meu Dieguiño
      cando ò tempo milloràr,
      porqe si escorrega á Besta
      è esbarroufàs, alabay.
      You'll come here my little Diego
      when the weather improves
      because if the mount slips
      and you sprawl, here goes nothing!
  4. mare
    Synonym: egua
  5. (figuratively) brute
    Synonym: bruto
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

besta f (plural bestas)

  1. Misspelling of bésta.

References[edit]

  • besta” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • besta” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • besta” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • besta” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • besta” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

besta f (definite singular besta, indefinite plural bester or bestor, definite plural bestene or bestone)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by beste f
  2. definite singular of beste f

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

besta (present tense bestar or bester, past tense besta or beste, supine and past participle besta or best, present participle bestande, imperative best)

  1. Alternative spelling of beste

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

besta

  1. (dialectal or obsolete) neuter definite singular of best

Old Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably borrowed from Latin bēstia (beast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

besta f

  1. beast (a non-human animal, especially large vertebrate quadrupeds)
  2. beast of burden, donkey

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Galician: besta
  • Portuguese: besta

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese besta, probably borrowed from Latin bēstia (beast). Doublet of bicha.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun:

Verb:

  • Hyphenation: bes‧ta

Noun[edit]

besta f (plural bestas)

  1. beast (any large animal)
  2. beast of burden (animal used to transport cargo)
  3. ass (any of several species of horse-like animals)
  4. (derogatory) fool; idiot (stupid person)
  5. (euphemistic) the Beast; Satan
  6. (by extension) a monster
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

besta

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of bestar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of bestar

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Portuguese baesta (crossbow), from Latin ballista, from Ancient Greek βαλλίστρα (ballístra). Not related to above meaning of Satan (folk etymology).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

besta f (plural bestas)

  1. crossbow (weapon consisting of a bow mounted on a stock)
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]