brute

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See also: Brute and brüte

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: bro͞ot, IPA(key): /bɹuːt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French brut, from Latin brūtus (dull, stupid, insensible), an Oscan loanword, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us. Cognate with Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús), Persian گران (gerân) and Sanskrit गुरु (gurú) (English guru).

Adjective[edit]

brute (comparative more brute, superlative most brute)

  1. Without reason or intelligence (of animals). [from 15th c.]
    a brute beast
  2. Characteristic of unthinking animals; senseless, unreasoning (of humans). [from 16th c.]
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book VII”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      A creature [] not prone / And brute as other creatures, but endued / With sanctity of reason.
  3. Being unconnected with intelligence or thought; purely material, senseless. [from 16th c.]
    the brute earth; the brute powers of nature
  4. Crude, unpolished. [from 17th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir Walter Scott?)
      a great brute farmer from Liddesdale
  5. Strong, blunt, and spontaneous.
    I punched him with brute force.
  6. Brutal; cruel; fierce; ferocious; savage; pitiless.
    brute violence
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

brute (plural brutes)

  1. (archaic) An animal seen as being without human reason; a senseless beast. [from 17th c.]
    • 1714, Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees:
      they laid before them how unbecoming it was the Dignity of such sublime Creatures to be sollicitous about gratifying those Appetites, which they had in common with Brutes, and at the same time unmindful of those higher qualities that gave them the preeminence over all visible Beings.
    • 1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.17:
      But if he lives badly, he will, in the next life, be a woman; if he (or she) persists in evil-doing, he (or she) will become a brute, and go on through transmigrations until at last reason conquers.
  2. A person with the characteristics of an unthinking animal; a coarse or brutal person. [from 17th c.]
    One of them was a hulking brute of a man, heavily tattooed and with a hardened face that practically screamed "I just got out of jail."
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, Nobody, chapter III:
      She was frankly disappointed. For some reason she had thought to discover a burglar of one or another accepted type—either a dashing cracksman in full-blown evening dress, lithe, polished, pantherish, or a common yegg, a red-eyed, unshaven burly brute in the rags and tatters of a tramp.
  3. (archaic, Britain, Cambridge University slang) One who has not yet matriculated.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

brute (third-person singular simple present brutes, present participle bruting, simple past and past participle bruted)

  1. (transitive) To shape (diamonds) by grinding them against each other.

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

brute (third-person singular simple present brutes, present participle bruting, simple past and past participle bruted)

  1. Obsolete spelling of bruit

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

brute

  1. Inflected form of bruut

French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

brute

  1. feminine singular of brut

Noun[edit]

brute f (plural brutes)

  1. An animal lacking in reason.
  2. An animal lacking in intelligence and sensibility.
  3. (By analogy) A person without reason.
  4. One who imposes his will on others using violence - a bully.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

brute f pl

  1. Feminine plural of adjective bruto.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

brūte

  1. vocative masculine singular of brūtus