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See also: Brutus



An Oscan loanword, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us. Cognate with Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús), Persian گران(gerân) and Sanskrit गुरु (gurú). See also Latin gravis.



brūtus (feminine brūta, neuter brūtum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. heavy, unwieldy
  2. dull, stupid, insensible, unreasonable, irrational


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative brūtus brūta brūtum brūtī brūtae brūta
Genitive brūtī brūtae brūtī brūtōrum brūtārum brūtōrum
Dative brūtō brūtō brūtīs
Accusative brūtum brūtam brūtum brūtōs brūtās brūta
Ablative brūtō brūtā brūtō brūtīs
Vocative brūte brūta brūtum brūtī brūtae brūta

Derived terms[edit]


  • Catalan: brut
  • Dalmatian: brot
  • English: brute, brut
  • French: brut
  • Old Irish: brúit
  • Italian: brutto, bruto
  • Piedmontese: brüt
  • Portuguese: bruto
  • Spanish: bruto


  • 1. brūtus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • brutus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • brutus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • 1 brūtus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette: “229/3”
  • brutus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • brutus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • brute in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • brūtus¹” on page 243/2 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “brutus”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 107/1