From Middle English crude, borrowed from Latin crūdus (“raw, bloody, uncooked, undigested, crude”), probably from Proto-Indo-European *krewh₂- (“raw meat, fresh blood”). Cognate with Old English hrēaw (“raw, uncooked”). More at raw.
- enPR: kro͞od, IPA(key): /kɹuːd/
- (Scotland) IPA(key): /kɹʉd/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːd
- Homophone: crewed (except Scotland)
- In a natural, untreated state.
- Characterized by simplicity, especially something not carefully or expertly made.
- Lacking concealing elements.
- Lacking tact or taste.
- (archaic) Immature or unripe.
- (grammar) Pertaining to the uninflected stem of a word.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- Any substance in its natural state.
- Crude oil.
- 2013 August 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
- The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. The first barrels of crude fetched $18 (around $450 at today’s prices).
- Rhymes: -ude
- crude in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
- Alternative form of
- English: crude