grof

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See also: gróf, gröf, and Grof

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch grof, from Middle Dutch grof, from Old Dutch *grof, from Proto-Germanic *grubaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

grof (attributive growwe, comparative growwer, superlative grofste)

  1. rude, impolite
  2. rough, coarse
  3. extreme, gross, grave

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch grof, from Old Dutch *grof, from Proto-West Germanic *grob, from Proto-Germanic *grubaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɣrɔf/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: grof
  • Rhymes: -ɔf

Adjective[edit]

grof (comparative grover or groffer, superlative grofst)

  1. rough, coarse
    Synonyms: rauw, ruw, ruig
    Antonym: fijn
  2. rude, very blunt
    Synonym: onbeleefd
    Antonym: beleefd
  3. extreme, gross, grave

Inflection[edit]

(either)

Inflection of grof
uninflected grof
inflected grove
comparative grover
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial grof grover het grofst
het grofste
indefinite m./f. sing. grove grovere grofste
n. sing. grof grover grofste
plural grove grovere grofste
definite grove grovere grofste
partitive grofs grovers

(or less commonly)

Inflection of grof
uninflected grof
inflected groffe
comparative groffer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial grof groffer het grofst
het grofste
indefinite m./f. sing. groffe groffere grofste
n. sing. grof groffer grofste
plural groffe groffere grofste
definite groffe groffere grofste
partitive grofs groffers

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: grof
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: grofu
  • Negerhollands: grof
    • Virgin Islands Creole: grof (dated)
  • Papiamentu: gròf, grof
  • Sranan Tongo: grofu
    • Caribbean Hindustani: grofu
    • Caribbean Javanese: grofu
    • Saramaccan: goófu

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *grof, from Proto-West Germanic *grob, from Proto-Germanic *grubaz.

Adjective[edit]

grof

  1. thick
  2. large, great
  3. course, rough

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • “grof (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[1], 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “grof (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

grof

  1. Alternative form of grove

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Hungarian gróf, from Bavarian grâf (count).

Noun[edit]

grof m (plural grofi)

  1. (historical) count

Declension[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

grȍf m (Cyrillic spelling гро̏ф)

  1. count
  2. earl

Declension[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grȍf m anim (female equivalent grofíca)

  1. count (male ruler of a county)

Inflection[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. gròf
gen. sing. grôfa
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
gròf grôfa grôfi
grôfje
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
grôfa grôfov grôfov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
grôfu grôfoma grôfom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
grôfa grôfa grôfe
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
grôfu grôfih grôfih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
grôfom grôfoma grôfi