rude

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See also: Rude, rudé, rudě, rudę, rüde, and Rüde

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English rude, from Old French rude, ruide, from Latin rudis (rough, raw, rude, wild, untilled).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rude (comparative ruder, superlative rudest)

  1. Lacking in refinement or civility; bad-mannered; discourteous.
    This girl was so rude towards the cashier by screaming at him for no apparent reason.
    Karen broke up with Fred because he was often rude to her.
  2. Lacking refinement or skill; untaught; ignorant; raw.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, 2 Corinthians 11:6:
      But though I be rude in speech, yet not in knowledge
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book VIII”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      Though not as shee with Bow and Quiver armd,
      But with such Gardning Tools as Are yet rude,
      Guiltless of fire had formd, or Angels brought []
    • 1767, Adam Ferguson, An Essay on the History of Civil Society:
      It might be apprehended, that among rude nations, where the means of subsistence are procured with so much difficulty, the mind could never raise itself above the consideration of this subject
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[1]:
      She had one of the caves fitted up as a laboratory, and, although her appliances were necessarily rude, the results that she attained were, as will become clear in the course of this narrative, sufficiently surprising.
    • 1919, Rudyard Kipling, The Conundrum of the Workshops
      When the flush of a new-born sun fell first on Eden's green and gold,
      Our father Adam sat under the Tree and scratched with a stick in the mould;
      And the first rude sketch that the world had seen was joy to his mighty heart,
      Till the Devil whispered behind the leaves, "It's pretty, but is it Art?"
    • 1983 [1981], Crowley, John, “The Fairies' Parliment”, in Little, Big, Bantam Books, →ISBN, page 583:
      There was a rude bridge there, much fallen, where floating branches caught and white water swirled; []
  3. Violent; abrupt; turbulent.
    a rude awakening
    • 1577, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 9:
      The Air attrite to Fire, as late the Clouds
      Justling or pusht with Winds rude in thir shock
  4. Somewhat obscene, pornographic, offensive.
    a rude film
    rude language
  5. Undeveloped, unskilled, inelegant.
  6. Hearty, vigorous; found particularly in the phrase rude health.
    • 1854, Henry David Thoreau, Walden Pond, Economy:
      A comfortable house for a rude and hardy race, that lived mostly out of doors, was once made here almost entirely of such materials as Nature furnished ready to their hands.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rudis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rude (masculine and feminine plural rudes)

  1. uncultured, rough

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German rūte, from Old High German rūta (German Raute (rhomb)), probably from Latin rūta (rue).

Noun[edit]

rude c (singular definite ruden, plural indefinite ruder)

  1. pane
  2. window
  3. square
  4. lozenge, diamond
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From late Old Norse rúta, from Middle Low German rūde, from Latin rūta (rue).

Noun[edit]

rude c (singular definite ruden, plural indefinite ruder)

  1. (botany) rue (various perennial shrubs of the genus Ruta)
Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French rude, from Latin rudis (unwrought).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rude (plural rudes)

  1. rough, harsh
    • March 28 1757, Robert-François Damiens, facing a horrific execution
      "La journée sera rude." ("The day will be rough.")
  2. tough, hard; severe
  3. bitter, harsh, sharp (of weather)
  4. crude, unpolished
  5. hardy, tough, rugged
  6. (informal) formidable, fearsome

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rūta, from Ancient Greek ῥυτή (rhutḗ).

Noun[edit]

rude f (plural rudis)

  1. rue, common rue (Ruta graveolens)

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rudis, rudem.

Adjective[edit]

rude

  1. tough
  2. rough, coarse

References[edit]

  • rude” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rudis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈru.de/
  • Rhymes: -ude
  • Hyphenation: rù‧de

Adjective[edit]

rude (invariable)

  1. tough
  2. rough, coarse

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rude

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of rudis

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

rude

  1. Alternative form of rudden

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rudis.

Adjective[edit]

rude m or f

  1. (Jersey) rough

Derived terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rude

  1. inflection of rudy:
    1. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative singular
    2. nonvirile nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rudis

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Rhymes: (Brazil) -udʒi, (Portugal) -udɨ
  • Hyphenation: ru‧de

Adjective[edit]

rude m or f (plural rudes, comparable)

  1. rude; bad-mannered
    Synonyms: brusco, grosseiro, mal-educado

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

rude f pl

  1. plural of rudă

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rude

  1. inflection of rud:
    1. masculine accusative plural
    2. feminine genitive singular
    3. feminine nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Noun[edit]

rude (Cyrillic spelling руде)

  1. inflection of ruda:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Slovak[edit]

Noun[edit]

rude

  1. dative/locative singular of ruda

Venetian[edit]

Noun[edit]

rude

  1. plural of ruda