severe

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Severe and sévère

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French, from Latin severus (severe, serious, grave in demeanor).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /sɪˈvɪə/
    (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /sɪˈvɪɹ/
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪə(ɹ)

Adjective[edit]

severe (comparative severer or more severe, superlative severest or most severe)

  1. Very bad or intense.
    • 2012 January 1, Donald Worster, “A Drier and Hotter Future”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 1, page 70:
      Phoenix and Lubbock are both caught in severe drought, and it is going to get much worse. We may see many such [dust] storms in the decades ahead, along with species extinctions, radical disturbance of ecosystems, and intensified social conflict over land and water. Welcome to the Anthropocene, the epoch when humans have become a major geological and climatic force.
    Antonyms: mild, en, minor
  2. Strict or harsh.
    a severe taskmaster
    Antonym: lenient
  3. Sober, plain in appearance, austere.
    a severe old maiden aunt
    severe clothing

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [seˈvere]
  • Rhymes: -ere
  • Hyphenation: se‧ve‧re

Adverb[edit]

severe

  1. severely

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /seˈvɛ.re/
  • Rhymes: -ɛre
  • Hyphenation: se‧vè‧re

Adjective[edit]

severe

  1. feminine plural of severo

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sevēre

  1. vocative masculine singular of sevērus

Verb[edit]

sēvēre

  1. third-person plural perfect active indicative of serō

References[edit]

  • severe”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • severe”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • severe in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

severe (Cyrillic spelling севере)

  1. vocative singular of sever