sero

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See also: sero- and séro-

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root
*seh₁-

From Proto-Italic *sizō, from Proto-Indo-European *si-sh₁-, the reduplicated present of *seh₁- ‎(to sow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

serō ‎(present infinitive serere, perfect active sēvī, supine satum); third conjugation

  1. I sow, plant.
  2. (of persons) I beget, bring forth, produce.
  3. (figuratively) I found, establish; scatter, spread, disseminate; propagate; excite; cause, produce.
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of sero (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serō seris serit serimus seritis serunt
imperfect serēbam serēbās serēbat serēbāmus serēbātis serēbant
future seram serēs seret serēmus serētis serent
perfect sēvī sēvistī sēvit sēvimus sēvistis sēvērunt, sēvēre
pluperfect sēveram sēverās sēverat sēverāmus sēverātis sēverant
future perfect sēverō sēveris sēverit sēverimus sēveritis sēverint
passive present seror sereris, serere seritur serimur seriminī seruntur
imperfect serēbar serēbāris, serēbāre serēbātur serēbāmur serēbāminī serēbantur
future serar serēris, serēre serētur serēmur serēminī serentur
perfect satus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect satus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect satus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present seram serās serat serāmus serātis serant
imperfect sererem sererēs sereret sererēmus sererētis sererent
perfect sēverim sēverīs sēverit sēverīmus sēverītis sēverint
pluperfect sēvissem sēvissēs sēvisset sēvissēmus sēvissētis sēvissent
passive present serar serāris, serāre serātur serāmur serāminī serantur
imperfect sererer sererēris, sererēre sererētur sererēmur sererēminī sererentur
perfect satus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect satus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sere serite
future seritō seritō seritōte seruntō
passive present serere seriminī
future seritor seritor seruntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives serere sēvisse satūrus esse serī satus esse satum īrī
participles serēns satūrus satus serendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
serere serendī serendō serendum satum satū
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE root
*ser-

From Proto-Italic *serō, from Proto-Indo-European *ser- ‎(to bind, put together). (compare Ancient Greek εἴρω ‎(eírō), Sanskrit सरत् ‎(sarat), Old Lithuanian sėris ‎(filament)), Old English serc ‎(shirt, coat of mail). More at sark.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

serō ‎(present infinitive serere, perfect active seruī, supine sertum); third conjugation

  1. I join or bind together; plait, interweave, interlace, entwine.
  2. (figuratively) I join, interweave, connect; combine, compose, contrive.
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of sero (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serō seris serit serimus seritis serunt
imperfect serēbam serēbās serēbat serēbāmus serēbātis serēbant
future seram serēs seret serēmus serētis serent
perfect seruī seruistī seruit seruimus seruistis seruērunt, seruēre
pluperfect serueram seruerās seruerat seruerāmus seruerātis seruerant
future perfect seruerō serueris seruerit seruerimus serueritis seruerint
passive present seror sereris, serere seritur serimur seriminī seruntur
imperfect serēbar serēbāris, serēbāre serēbātur serēbāmur serēbāminī serēbantur
future serar serēris, serēre serētur serēmur serēminī serentur
perfect sertus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sertus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sertus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present seram serās serat serāmus serātis serant
imperfect sererem sererēs sereret sererēmus sererētis sererent
perfect seruerim seruerīs seruerit seruerīmus seruerītis seruerint
pluperfect seruissem seruissēs seruisset seruissēmus seruissētis seruissent
passive present serar serāris, serāre serātur serāmur serāminī serantur
imperfect sererer sererēris, sererēre sererētur sererēmur sererēminī sererentur
perfect sertus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sertus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sere serite
future seritō seritō seritōte seruntō
passive present serere seriminī
future seritor seritor seruntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives serere seruisse sertūrus esse serī sertus esse sertum īrī
participles serēns sertūrus sertus serendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
serere serendī serendō serendum sertum sertū
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

PIE root
*ser-

From sera ‎(bar for fastening doors).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

serō ‎(present infinitive serāre, perfect active serāvī, supine serātum); first conjugation

  1. I fasten (with a bolt), bar, bolt.
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of sero (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serō serās serat serāmus serātis serant
imperfect serābam serābās serābat serābāmus serābātis serābant
future serābō serābis serābit serābimus serābitis serābunt
perfect serāvī serāvistī serāvit serāvimus serāvistis serāvērunt, serāvēre
pluperfect serāveram serāverās serāverat serāverāmus serāverātis serāverant
future perfect serāverō serāveris serāverit serāverimus serāveritis serāverint
passive present seror serāris, serāre serātur serāmur serāminī serantur
imperfect serābar serābāris, serābāre serābātur serābāmur serābāminī serābantur
future serābor serāberis, serābere serābitur serābimur serābiminī serābuntur
perfect serātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect serātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect serātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serem serēs seret serēmus serētis serent
imperfect serārem serārēs serāret serārēmus serārētis serārent
perfect serāverim serāverīs serāverit serāverīmus serāverītis serāverint
pluperfect serāvissem serāvissēs serāvisset serāvissēmus serāvissētis serāvissent
passive present serer serēris, serēre serētur serēmur serēminī serentur
imperfect serārer serārēris, serārēre serārētur serārēmur serārēminī serārentur
perfect serātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect serātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serā serāte
future serātō serātō serātōte serantō
passive present serāre serāminī
future serātor serātor serantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives serāre serāvisse serātūrus esse serārī serātus esse serātum īrī
participles serāns serātūrus serātus serandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
serāre serandī serandō serandum serātum serātū
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From sērus ‎(late).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sērō

  1. dative masculine singular of sērus
  2. dative neuter singular of sērus
  3. ablative masculine singular of sērus
  4. ablative neuter singular of sērus

Adverb[edit]

sērō (comparative sērius, superlative sērissimē)

  1. At a late hour, late, tardily.
  2. Too late.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Inflected form of serum ‎(whey; serum).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

serō

  1. dative singular of serum
  2. ablative singular of serum

References[edit]

  • sero” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers

Mapudungun[edit]

Mapudungun cardinal numbers
0 1  > 
    Cardinal : sero

Numeral[edit]

sero ‎(using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. (cardinal) zero

Novial[edit]

Novial cardinal numbers
0 1  > 
    Cardinal : sero

Numeral[edit]

sero

  1. (cardinal) zero

Old Saxon[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sero ‎(comparative mēr, superlative mēst)

  1. much

Welsh[edit]

Numeral[edit]

sero

  1. zero

Noun[edit]

sero m (plural seroau)

  1. zero

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
sero sero sero sero