certo

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See also: çerto

Interlingua[edit]

Adverb[edit]

certo (not comparable)

  1. certainly

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin certus.

Adjective[edit]

certo m (feminine singular certa, masculine plural certi, feminine plural certe)

  1. certain, sure
  2. (preposition) some, certain
Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

certo

  1. certainly, of course, surely, definitely

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From certus (resolved, certain), a modified form of the perfect passive participle of cernō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

certō (present infinitive certāre, perfect active certāvi, supine certātum); first conjugation

  1. I fight, wrestle.
  2. I contend, compete.
  3. I struggle, strive.
  4. (military) I fight it out.
  5. (law) I dispute.
  6. (with infinitive) I try hard.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of certo (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present certō certās certat certāmus certātis certant
imperfect certābam certābās certābat certābāmus certābātis certābant
future certābō certābis certābit certābimus certābitis certābunt
perfect certāvī certāvistī certāvit certāvimus certāvistis certāvērunt, certāvēre
pluperfect certāveram certāverās certāverat certāverāmus certāverātis certāverant
future perfect certāverō certāveris certāverit certāverimus certāveritis certāverint
passive present certor certāris, certāre certātur certāmur certāminī certantur
imperfect certābar certābāris, certābāre certābātur certābāmur certābāminī certābantur
future certābor certāberis, certābere certābitur certābimur certābiminī certābuntur
perfect certātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect certātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect certātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present certem certēs certet certēmus certētis certent
imperfect certārem certārēs certāret certārēmus certārētis certārent
perfect certāverim certāverīs certāverit certāverīmus certāverītis certāverint
pluperfect certāvissem certāvissēs certāvisset certāvissēmus certāvissētis certāvissent
passive present certer certēris, certēre certētur certēmur certēminī certentur
imperfect certārer certārēris, certārēre certārētur certārēmur certārēminī certārentur
perfect certātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect certātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present certā certāte
future certātō certātō certātōte certantō
passive present certāre certāminī
future certātor certātor certantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives certāre certāvisse certātūrus esse certārī certātus esse certātum īrī
participles certāns certātūrus certātus certandus

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adverb[edit]

certō (comparative certius, superlative certissimē)

  1. certainly, surely
  2. with certainty, without doubt

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

certō

  1. dative masculine singular of certus
  2. dative neuter singular of certus
  3. ablative masculine singular of certus
  4. ablative neuter singular of certus

References[edit]

  • Professor Kidd, et al. Collins Gem Latin Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers (Glasgow: 2004). ISBN 0-00-470763-X. page 54.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese certo, from Latin certus (certain), past participle of cernō (I sift; I discern), from Proto-Indo-European *krey- (I move; I separate)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

certo m (feminine singular certa, masculine plural certos, feminine plural certas, comparable)

  1. right; correct (not containing errors)
    Tua resposta está certa.
    You answer is correct.
  2. certain; sure (without doubt)
    • 1572, Luís Vaz de Camões, Os Lusíadas, 8th canto:
      Que leuar a ſeu Rei hum ſinal certo / Do mundo, que deixa deſcuberto.
      Than taking to his king a certain sign / Of the world he leaves discovered.
  3. precise; accurate
  4. morally right; just
    Roubar não é certo.
    Stealing is not right.
  5. inevitable (impossible to avoid or prevent)
    A morte é certa.
    Death is inevitable

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

certo (comparative mais certo superlative o mais certo)

  1. correctly
    • Fernando Pessoa (heteronym Alberto Caeiro), O espelho reflecte certo:
      O espelho reflecte certo; não erra porque não pensa.
      The mirror reflects correctly; it doesn't miss because it doesn't think.
  2. surely
    • 1572, Luís Vaz de Camões, Os Lusíadas, 2nd canto:
      Mas tu, em quem muy certo confiamos
      But you, who we very surely trust.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

certo m (feminine certa plural certos feminine plural certas)

  1. certain (determined but unspecified)

Related terms[edit]