luctor

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lewg- (bend, twist). Cognate with lūxus, Ancient Greek λύγος (lúgos), Lithuanian lugnas, and Old Norse lykna. Compare with English louk; lock.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lūctor (present infinitive lūctārī or lūctārier, perfect active lūctātus sum); first conjugation, deponent

  1. I struggle, wrestle, fight.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of lūctor (first conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lūctor lūctāris, lūctāre lūctātur lūctāmur lūctāminī lūctantur
imperfect lūctābar lūctābāris, lūctābāre lūctābātur lūctābāmur lūctābāminī lūctābantur
future lūctābor lūctāberis, lūctābere lūctābitur lūctābimur lūctābiminī lūctābuntur
perfect lūctātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect lūctātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect lūctātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lūcter lūctēris, lūctēre lūctētur lūctēmur lūctēminī lūctentur
imperfect lūctārer lūctārēris, lūctārēre lūctārētur lūctārēmur lūctārēminī lūctārentur
perfect lūctātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect lūctātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lūctāre lūctāminī
future lūctātor lūctātor lūctantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives lūctārī, lūctārier1 lūctātum esse lūctātūrum esse
participles lūctāns lūctātus lūctātūrus lūctandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
lūctandī lūctandō lūctandum lūctandō lūctātum lūctātū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]