luxus

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See also: Luxus and lúxus

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

luxus m

  1. luxury

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin luxus.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈluksuʃ]
  • Hyphenation: lu‧xus

Adjective[edit]

luxus (comparative luxusabb, superlative legluxusabb)

  1. luxury (very expensive)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative luxus luxusok
accusative luxust luxusokat
dative luxusnak luxusoknak
instrumental luxussal luxusokkal
causal-final luxusért luxusokért
translative luxussá luxusokká
terminative luxusig luxusokig
essive-formal luxusként luxusokként
essive-modal
inessive luxusban luxusokban
superessive luxuson luxusokon
adessive luxusnál luxusoknál
illative luxusba luxusokba
sublative luxusra luxusokra
allative luxushoz luxusokhoz
elative luxusból luxusokból
delative luxusról luxusokról
ablative luxustól luxusoktól

Noun[edit]

luxus (plural luxusok)

  1. luxury (very wealthy and comfortable surroundings)
    Synonyms: fényűzés, pompa
  2. luxury (something desirable but expensive that one cannot afford to buy)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative luxus luxusok
accusative luxust luxusokat
dative luxusnak luxusoknak
instrumental luxussal luxusokkal
causal-final luxusért luxusokért
translative luxussá luxusokká
terminative luxusig luxusokig
essive-formal luxusként luxusokként
essive-modal
inessive luxusban luxusokban
superessive luxuson luxusokon
adessive luxusnál luxusoknál
illative luxusba luxusokba
sublative luxusra luxusokra
allative luxushoz luxusokhoz
elative luxusból luxusokból
delative luxusról luxusokról
ablative luxustól luxusoktól
Possessive forms of luxus
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. luxusom luxusaim
2nd person sing. luxusod luxusaid
3rd person sing. luxusa luxusai
1st person plural luxusunk luxusaink
2nd person plural luxusotok luxusaitok
3rd person plural luxusuk luxusaik

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lugsos, from *lewg- (bend, twist) (whence also luctor (wrestle)). Cognates include Sanskrit रुग्ण (rugṇá, bent, broken), Ancient Greek λύγος (lúgos) and λοξός (loxós, slanting, crosswise), Lithuanian lugnas, and Old Norse lykna.

Adjective[edit]

lūxus (feminine lūxa, neuter lūxum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. dislocated
Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative lūxus lūxa lūxum lūxī lūxae lūxa
Genitive lūxī lūxae lūxī lūxōrum lūxārum lūxōrum
Dative lūxō lūxō lūxīs
Accusative lūxum lūxam lūxum lūxōs lūxās lūxa
Ablative lūxō lūxā lūxō lūxīs
Vocative lūxe lūxa lūxum lūxī lūxae lūxa
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lewg- (bend, twist)

Noun[edit]

lūxus m (genitive lūxūs); fourth declension

  1. a dislocation
Declension[edit]

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lūxus lūxūs
Genitive lūxūs lūxuum
Dative lūxuī lūxibus
Accusative lūxum lūxūs
Ablative lūxū lūxibus
Vocative lūxus lūxūs

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lewg- (bend, twist)

Noun[edit]

lūxus m (genitive lūxūs); fourth declension

  1. extravagance, luxury, excess, debauchery
  2. pomp, splendor
Declension[edit]

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lūxus lūxūs
Genitive lūxūs lūxuum
Dative lūxuī lūxibus
Accusative lūxum lūxūs
Ablative lūxū lūxibus
Vocative lūxus lūxūs
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • luxus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • luxus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • luxus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to pass one's life in luxury and idleness: per luxum et ignaviam aetatem agere