Appendix:Hungarian pronunciation

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is used to represent Hungarian pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

Consonants[edit]

IPA Letter Example Audio English approx.
b b baj [ˈbɒj] (trouble)
(file)
bean
t͡s [1] c cím [ˈt͡siːm] (address)
(file)
cats
t͡ʃ cs csap [ˈt͡ʃɒp] (faucet; to strike)
(file)
church
ds zöldség [ˈzølt͡ʃeːɡ] (vegetable)
(file)
d d dob [ˈdob] (drum; to throw)
(file)
dog
d͡z dz brindza [ˈbrind͡zɒ] (bryndza) kids
d͡ʒ dzs dzsessz [ˈd͡ʒɛsː] (jazz)
(file)
jazz
f f fa [ˈfɒ] (tree)
(file)
fall
ɡ g gép [ˈɡeːp] (machine)
(file)
get
ɟ gy gyár [ˈɟaːr] (factory)
(file)
duty (UK)
dj mindjárt [ˈmiɲɟaːrt] (right away)
h h haj [ˈhɒj] (hair)
(file)
hair
ɦ[2] soha [ˈʃoɦɒ] (never)
(file)
x potroh [ˈpotrox] (abdomen)
(file)
j j jól [ˈjoːl] (well)
(file)
yes
ç[3] rakj [ˈrɒkç] (put)
(file)
ʝ[4] férj [ˈfeːrʝ] (husband)
(file)
j[5] órsi [ˈoːrijaːʃi] (huge)
(file)
yes
k k kis [ˈkiʃ] (small)
(file)
skip
l l lap [ˈlɒp] (sheet)
(file)
lab
j ly hely [ˈhɛj] (place)
(file)
yes
m m már [ˈmaːr] (already)
(file)
mint
ɱ szemfog [ˈsɛɱfoɡ] (eye tooth) tromf
n n nép [ˈneːp] (people)
(file)
neat
ɱ [6] tanfolyam [ˈtɒɱfojɒm] (course)
(file)
ŋ [7] hang [ˈhɒŋg] (voice)
(file)
ɲ ny nyugat [ˈɲugɒt] (west)
(file)
new (UK)
p p pénz [ˈpeːnz] (money)
(file)
speak
kv q Aquincum [ˈɒkviŋkum] (Aquincum)
r r rész [ˈreːs] (part; piece)
(file)
ʃ s sem [ˈʃɛm] (neither)
(file)
show
s sz szól [ˈsoːl] (to say)
(file)
sit
t t több [ˈtøbː] (more)
(file)
stop
c ty tyúk [ˈcuːk] (hen)
(file)
tube (UK)
tj kertje [ˈkɛrcɛ] (his/her/its garden)
v v vés [ˈveːʃ] (to carve)
(file)
veal
w watt [ˈvɒtː] (watt)
ks x xenon [ˈksɛnon] (xenon)
j y York [ˈjork] (York)
z z zöld [ˈzøld] (green)
(file)
zeal
ʒ zs zseb [ˈʒɛb] (pocket)
(file)
pleasure
  1. ^ [t͡s] and [ts] are not the same. The latter represents two phonemes, t and sz.
  2. ^ [ɦ]: Voiced glottal fricative: 1. Between two non-identical vowels 2. Between a sonorant (m, n, ny, l, j, r) and a vowel (in this order).
  3. ^ [ç]: At the end of the word after f, k, p. Examples: döfj, rakj, kapj.
  4. ^ [ʝ]: At the end of the word after b, v, g, r, m. Examples: dobj, óvj, égj, férj, szomj.
  5. ^ [j]: A weak glide pronounced within a word (or a compound element) between two adjacent vowels (where one of them is i or í) to fill the hiatus. Since there is only a minor difference between the regular [j] and the weaker glide [j], the same IPA symbol is used for both.
  6. ^ [ɱ]: n and m in the nf, nv, mf, mv consonant combinations.
  7. ^ [ŋ]: n in the ng and nk consonant combinations.

Long consonants[edit]

IPA Letters Example Audio English approx.
bb szebb [ˈsɛbː] (more beautiful)
(file)
pb alapbér [ˈɒlɒbːeːr] (basic salary)
t͡sː cc vicc [ˈvit͡sː] (joke)
(file)
dsz tudsz [ˈtut͡sː] (you can)
(file)
dc dcukor [ˈnaːt͡sːukor] (cane sugar)
tsz tszik [ˈjaːt͡sːik] (he/she plays)
(file)
tssz tssz [ˈlaːt͡sː] (you should be visible)
(file)
t͡ʃː ccs meccs [ˈmɛt͡ʃː] (match)
(file)
ts szövetség [ˈsøvɛt͡ʃːeːɡ] (alliance)
(file)
ds fáradság [ˈfaːrɒt͡ʃːaːɡ] (effort)
dd addig [ˈɒdːiɡ] (until)
(file)
td tiszteletdíj [ˈtistɛlɛdːiːj] (royalty payment)
d͡zː dz edző [ˈɛd͡zːøː] (coach)
(file)
d͡ʒː dzs menedzser [ˈmɛnɛd͡ʒːɛr] (manager)
ddzs briddzsel [ˈbrid͡ʒːɛl] (with bridge)
ff blöff [ˈbløfː] (bluff)
(file)
vf évfolyam [ˈeːfːojɒm] (class)
ɡː gg agg [ˈɒɡː] (aged)
(file)
kg kgubó [ˈmaːɡːuboː] (poppy head)
(file)
ɟː ggy poggyász [ˈpoɟːaːs] (luggage)
(file)
gyj nagyjából [ˈnɒɟːaːboːl] (roughly)
(file)
dj adjál [ˈɒɟːaːl] (give me)
(file)
d+gy hadgyakorlat [ˈhɒɟːɒkorlɒt] (military exercise)
hh
ch pech [ˈpɛxː] (bad luck)
(file)
jj éjjel [ˈeːjːɛl] (at night)
(file)
lj teljesen [ˈtɛjːɛʃɛn] (totally)
(file)
llj állj [ˈaːjː] (stop)
lly llyed [ˈʃyjːɛd] (to sink)
(file)
ly+j folyjon [ˈfojːon] (let it flow)
kk mekkora [ˈmɛkːorɒ] (what size)
(file)
gk megkap [ˈmɛkːɒp] (to receive)
ll hallott [ˈhɒlːotː] (he/she heard)
(file)
mm semmi [ˈʃɛmːi] (nothing)
(file)
nm önmagam [ˈømːɒɡɒm] (myself)
nn tenni [ˈtɛnːi] (to do)
(file)
ɲː nny amennyi [ˈɒmɛɲːi] (as much as)
(file)
ny+j anyja [ˈɒɲːɒ] (his/her mother)
nj menj [ˈmɛɲː] (go)
(file)
pp nappali [ˈnɒpːɒli] (daytime)
(file)
bp zabpehely [ˈzɒpːɛhɛj] (rolled oats)
rr erre [ˈɛrːɛ] (this way)
(file)
lr balra [ˈbɒrːɒ] (to the left)
(file)
ʃː ss kissé [ˈkiʃːeː] (slightly)
(file)
sz+s egészség [ˈɛɡeːʃːeːɡ] (health)
(file)
z+s igazság [ˈiɡɒʃːaːɡ] (truth)
(file)
ssz messze [ˈmɛsːɛ] (far)
(file)
z+sz zszintes [ˈviːsːintɛʃ] (horizontal)
tt ttam [ˈlaːtːɒm] (I saw it)
(file)
dt maradt [ˈmɒrɒtː] (stayed)
(file)
tty petty [ˈpɛcː] (dot)
(file)
ty+j atyja [ˈɒcːɒ] (his/her father)
tj tja [ˈlaːcːɒ] (he/she sees it)
(file)
vv évvel [ˈeːvːɛl] (with year)
(file)
zz azzal [ˈɒzːɒl] (with that)
(file)
sz+z gyászzene [ˈɟaːzːɛnɛ] (funeral music)
ʒː zzs garázzsal [ˈɡɒraːʒːɒl] (with garage)
(file)
s+zs sertészsír [ˈʃɛrteːʒːiːr] (lard)

Vowels[edit]

IPA Letter Example Audio English approx.
ɒ a agy [ˈɒɟ] (brain)
(file)
awe (but short)
á ágy [ˈaːɟ] (bed)
(file)
father
ɛ e eke [ˈɛkɛ] (plow)
(file)
less
é ép [ˈeːp] (intact)
(file)
café
i i irt [ˈirt] (to eradicate}
(file)
bit
í írt [ˈiːrt] (he/she wrote)
(file)
bee
o o ok [ˈok] (cause, reason)
(file)
force
ó ó [ˈoː] (old)
(file)
hole
ø ö öt [ˈøt] (five)
(file)
øː ő őt [ˈøːt] (him/her)
(file)
early
u u un [ˈun] (to be bored of)
(file)
bull
ú út [ˈuːt] (road)
(file)
tool
y ü ül [ˈyl] (to sit)
(file)
ű űr [ˈyːr] (space)
(file)

Vowel variants[edit]

IPA Letter Example Audio English approx.
ɒː[1] a arra [ˈɒːrɒ] (that way)
a[2] a halló? [ˈhaloː] (hello?)
ɛː e erre [ˈɛːrɛ] (this way)[3]
[4] au au [ˈɒu̯toː] (car)
(file)
  1. ^ A double length [ɒ].
  2. ^ A short vowel between a and á. Mostly used in foreign words.
  3. ^ A double length [ɛ].
  4. ^ A semivowel usually paired with another vowel such as au (augusztus), eu (euró).

Other symbols[edit]

A stress mark is placed before the syllable that is stressed.

IPA indicates
ˈ (ˈa) primary stress
ˌ (ˌa) secondary stress
/ / phonemes, as in /ˈinformɒtikɒ/
[ ] speech sounds, as in [ˈiɱformɒtikɒ]

References[edit]