Appendix:Hungarian pronunciation

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The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is used to represent Hungarian pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

Consonants[edit]

IPA Phoneme Example
/b/ bab [ˈbɒb] 'bean'
/t͡s/ cím [ˈt͡siːm] 'address'
/ts/[1] rendszer [ˈrɛntsɛr] 'system'
/t͡ʃ/ csap [ˈt͡ʃɒp] 'faucet'; 'to strike'
/d/ dob [ˈdob] 'throw', 'drum'
/d͡z/ edző [ˈɛd͡zːøː] 'coach'
/d͡ʒ/ dzsessz [ˈd͡ʒɛsː] 'jazz'
/f/ fa [ˈfɒ] 'tree'
/ɡ/ gép [ˈɡeːp] 'machine'
/ɟ/ gyár [ˈɟaːr] 'factory'
/h/: [h], [ɦ], [x] haj [ˈhɒj] 'hair'
[ɦ][2] soha [ˈʃoɦɒ] 'never'
[x] potroh [ˈpotrox] 'abdomen'
/j/: [j], [ç], [ʝ], [ʲ] jól [ˈjoːl] 'well'
/j/ helyes [ˈhɛjɛʃ] 'correct; pretty'
[ç][3] rakj [ˈrɒkç]! 'put!'
[ʝ][4] sarj [ˈʃɒrʝ] 'shoot, sprout'
[ʲ][5] órsi [ˈoːriʲaːʃi] huge
/k/ kis [ˈkiʃ] 'small'
/l/ lap [ˈlɒp] 'sheet'
/m/: [m], [ɱ] ma [ˈmɒ] 'today'
/n/: [n], [ɱ], [ŋ] nép [ˈneːp] 'people'
[ɱ] [6] tanfolyam [ˈtɒɱfojɒm] 'course'
[ŋ] [7] hang [ˈhɒŋg] 'voice'
/ɲ/ nyugat [ˈɲugɒt] 'west'
/p/ pontos [ˈpontoʃ] 'accurate'
/r/ rész [ˈreːs] 'part, piece'
/ʃ/ sem [ˈʃɛm] 'neither'
/s/ szól [ˈsoːl] 'to say'
/t/ több [ˈtøbː] 'more'
/c/ tyúk [ˈcuːk] 'hen'
/v/ vág [ˈvaːɡ] 'to cut'
/z/ zug [ˈzug] 'nook'
/ʒ/ zseb [ˈʒɛb] 'pocket'
  1. ^ It represents two phonemes. Not the same as [t͡s].
  2. ^ Voiced glottal fricative: 1. Between two non-identical vowels 2. Between a sonorant (m, n, ny, l, j, r) and a vowel (in this order).
  3. ^ At the end of the word after f, k, p. Examples: döfj, rakj, kapj.
  4. ^ At the end of the word after b, v, g, r, m. Examples: dobj, óvj, égj, férj, szomj.
  5. ^ A weak glide [ʲ] pronounced within a word (or a compound element) between two adjacent vowels (where one of them is i or í) to fill the hiatus.
  6. ^ n and m in the nf, nv, mf, mv consonant combinations.
  7. ^ n in the ng and nk consonant combinations.

Vowels[edit]

IPA Phoneme Example
/ɒ/ agy [ˈɒɟ] 'brain'
/ɒː/[1] arra [ˈɒːrɒ] 'that way'
/aː/ ágy [ˈaːɟ] 'bed'
/a/[2] halló? [ˈhaloː] 'hello?'
/ɛ/ eke [ˈɛkɛ] 'plow'
/ɛː/[3] erre [ˈɛːrɛ] 'this way'
/eː/ ép [ˈeːp] 'intact'
/i/ irt [ˈirt] 'to eradicate'
/iː/ írt [ˈiːrt] 'wrote'
/o/ ok [ˈok] 'cause, reason'
/oː/ ó [ˈoː] 'old'
/ø/ öt [ˈøt] 'five'
/øː/ őt [ˈøːt] 'him/her (accusative)'
/u/ un [ˈun] 'to be bored of'
/u̯/[4] au [ˈɒu̯toː] 'car'
/uː/ út [ˈuːt] 'road'
/y/ ül [ˈyl] 'to sit'
/yː/ űr [ˈyːr] 'space'
  1. ^ A double length [ɒ].
  2. ^ A short vowel between a and á. Mostly used in foreign words.
  3. ^ A double length [ɛ].
  4. ^ A semivowel usually paired with another vowel such as au (augusztus), eu (euró).

Other symbols[edit]

A stress mark is placed before the syllable that is stressed.

IPA indicates
ˈ (ˈa) primary stress
ˌ (ˌa) secondary stress
/ / phonemes, as in /ˈinformɒtikɒ/
[ ] speech sounds, as in [ˈiɱformɒtikɒ]

References[edit]