Appendix:Hungarian possessive suffixes

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Suffix table[edit]

See also possessive suffixes in Wikipedia.

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person -m/-om/-am/-em/-öm -im/-aim/-eim/-jaim/-jeim
2nd person (informal) -d/-od/-ad/-ed/-öd -id/-aid/-eid/-jaid/-jeid
3rd person
2nd person (formal)
-a/-e/-ja/-je -i/-ai/-ei/-jai/-jei
Plural possessor 1st person -nk/-unk/-ünk -ink/-aink/-eink/-jaink/-jeink
2nd person (informal) -tok/-tek/-tök/-otok/-atok/-etek/-ötök -itok/-itek/-aitok/-eitek/-jaitok/-jeitek
3rd person -uk/-ük/-juk/-jük -ik/-aik/-eik/-jaik/-jeik

Examples[edit]

-m[edit]

Final vowel a[edit]

The final vowel a changes to á when the possessive suffixes are added:

kutya (dog)kutyá + suffix
Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) kutyám
my dog
a(z én) kutyáim
my dogs
2nd person (informal) a (te) kutyád
your (singular, informal) dog
a (te) kutyáid
your (singular, informal) dogs
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kutyája
his/her/its dog
a (maga/az ön) kutyája
your (singular, formal) dog
a(z ő) kutyái
his/her/its dogs
a (maga/az ön) kutyái
your (singular, formal) dogs
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) kutyánk
our dog
a (mi) kutyáink
our dogs
2nd person (informal) a (ti) kutyátok
your (plural, informal) dog
a (ti) kutyáitok
your (plural, informal) dogs
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kutyájuk
their dog
a maguk/az önök kutyája (!)
your (plural, formal) dog
a(z ő) kutyáik
their dogs
a maguk/az önök kutyái (!)
your (plural, formal) dogs

Final vowel e[edit]

The final vowel e changes to é when the possessive suffixes are added:

csésze (cup)csészé + suffix
Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) csészém
my cup
a(z én) csészéim
my cups
2nd person (informal) a (te) csészéd
your (singular, informal) cup
a (te) csészéid
your (singular, informal) cups
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) csészéje
his/her/its cup
a (maga/az ön) csészéje
your (singular, formal) cup
a(z ő) csészéi
his/her/its cups
a (maga/az ön) csészéi
your (singular, formal) cups
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) csészénk
our cup
a (mi) csészéink
our cups
2nd person (informal) a (ti) csészétek
your (plural, informal) cup
a (ti) csészéitek
your (plural, informal) cups
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) csészéjük
their cup
a maguk/az önök csészéje (!)
your (plural, formal) cup
a(z ő) csészéik
their cups
a maguk/az önök csészéi (!)
your (plural, formal) cups

Final vowel u[edit]

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) kapum
my gate
a(z én) kapuim
my gates
2nd person (informal) a (te) kapud
your (singular, informal) gate
a (te) kapuid
your (singular, informal) gates
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kapuja
his/her/its gate
a (maga/az ön) kapuja
your (singular, formal) gate
a(z ő) kapui
his/her/its gates
a (maga/az ön) kapui
your (singular, formal) gates
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) kapunk
our gate
a (mi) kapuink
our gates
2nd person (informal) a (ti) kaputok
your (plural, informal) gate
a (ti) kapuitok
your (plural, informal) gates
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kapujuk
their gate
a maguk/az önök kapuja (!)
your (plural, formal) gate
a(z ő) kapuik
their gates
a maguk/az önök kapui (!)
your (plural, formal) gates

Final vowel i[edit]

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) kocsim
my car
a(z én) kocsijaim
my cars
2nd person (informal) a (te) kocsid
your (singular, informal) car
a (te) kocsijaid
your (singular, informal) cars
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kocsija
his/her/its car
a (maga/az ön) kocsija
your (singular, formal) car
a(z ő) kocsijai
his/her/its cars
a (maga/az ön) kocsijai
your (singular, formal) cars
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) kocsink
our car
a (mi) kocsijaink
our cars
2nd person (informal) a (ti) kocsitok
your (plural, informal) car
a (ti) kocsijaitok
your (plural, informal) cars
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kocsijuk
their car
a maguk/az önök kocsija (!)
your (plural, formal) car
a(z ő) kocsijaik
their cars
a maguk/az önök kocsijai (!)
your (plural, formal) cars

-om[edit]

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) bankom
my bank
a(z én) bankjaim
my banks
2nd person (informal) a (te) bankod
your (singular, informal) bank
a (te) bankjaid
your (singular, informal) banks
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) bankja
his/her/its bank
a (maga/az ön) bankja
your (singular, formal) bank
a(z ő) bankjai
his/her/its banks
a (maga/az ön) bankjai
your (singular, formal) banks
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) bankunk
our bank
a (mi) bankjaink
our banks
2nd person (informal) a (ti) bankotok
your (plural, informal) bank
a (ti) bankjaitok
your (plural, informal) banks
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) bankjuk
their bank
a maguk/az önök bankja (!)
your (plural, formal) bank
a(z ő) bankjaik
their banks
a maguk/az önök bankjai (!)
your (plural, formal) banks

-am[edit]

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) házam
my house
a(z én) házaim
my houses
2nd person (informal) a (te) házad
your (singular, informal) house
a (te) házaid
your (singular, informal) houses
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) háza
his/her/its house
a (maga/az ön) háza
your (singular, formal) house
a(z ő) házai
his/her/its houses
a (maga/az ön) házai
your (singular, formal) houses
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) házunk
our house
a (mi) házaink
our houses
2nd person (informal) a (ti) házatok
your (plural, informal) house
a (ti) házaitok
your (plural, informal) houses
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) házuk
their house
a maguk/az önök háza (!)
your (plural, formal) house
a(z ő) házaik
their houses
a maguk/az önök házai (!)
your (plural, formal) houses

-em[edit]

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) kertem
my garden
a(z én) kertjeim
my gardens
2nd person (informal) a (te) kerted
your (singular, informal) garden
a (te) kertjeid
your (singular, informal) gardens
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kertje
his/her/its garden
a (maga/az ön) kertje
your (singular, formal) garden
a(z ő) kertjei
his/her/its gardens
a (maga/az ön) kertjei
your (singular, formal) gardens
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) kertünk
our garden
a (mi) kertjeink
our gardens
2nd person (informal) a (ti) kertetek
your (plural, informal) garden
a (ti) kertjeitek
your (plural, informal) gardens
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kertjük
their garden
a maguk/az önök kertje (!)
your (plural, formal) garden
a(z ő) kertjeik
their gardens
a maguk/az önök kertjei (!)
your (plural, formal) gardens

-öm[edit]

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) köröm
my circle
a(z én) köreim
my circles
2nd person (informal) a (te) köröd
your (singular, informal) circle
a (te) köreid
your (singular, informal) circles
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) köre
his/her/its circle
a (maga/az ön) köre
your (singular, formal) circle
a(z ő) körei
his/her/its circles
a (maga/az ön) körei
your (singular, formal) circles
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) körünk
our circle
a (mi) köreink
our circles
2nd person (informal) a (ti) körötök
your (plural, informal) circle
a (ti) köreitek
your (plural, informal) circles
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) körük
their circle
a maguk/az önök köre (!)
your (plural, formal) circle
a(z ő) köreik
their circles
a maguk/az önök körei (!)
your (plural, formal) circles