-d

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English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-d

  1. Alternative form of -ed now only standard with words which end in -e, but historically permissable in all the same places as -ed.
    bone → boned, learn → learnd
  2. An empty suffix, perhaps derived from the past-tense suffix above, added in some dialects to the present tense forms of some words which then add an additional -ed in the past tense.
    damn → damnd (→ damnded), drown → drownd (→ drownded)
  3. Marks ordinals written in digits when the final term of the spelled number is "second" or "third"
    2d grade; 23d century

Synonyms[edit]

  • (marking ordinals ending with "second"): -nd
  • (marking ordinals ending with "third"): -rd

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse -d, , from Proto-Germanic *-iþō.

Suffix[edit]

-d f (genitive -dar, plural -dir)

  1. -th, -ness

Declension[edit]

Declension of -d
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative -d -din -dir -dirnar
accusative -d -dina -dir -dirnar
dative -d -dini -dum -dunum
genitive -dar -darinnar -da -danna

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-d

  1. (possessive suffix) your (second-person singular informal, single possession)
    hajó (boat)a hajód (your boat)
    kocsi (car)a kocsid (your car)
    palota (palace)a palotád (your palace)
    érme (coin)az érméd (your coin)
  2. (personal suffix) Used in the second-person singular definite forms of transitive verbs.
    tudod, kéred, tudjad, kérjed, tudnád, kérnéd, tudtad, kérted
    1. (personal suffix, a subtype of the above) When attached directly to a verb stem, it may be the combined form of a covert (∅) allophone of -j (subjunctive suffix) and the regular suffix -d, marking the short form of the second-person singular definite subjunctive.
      tudd (= tudjad), kérd (= kérjed)
  3. (verb-forming suffix) A frequentative suffix or denoting the beginning of a process.
    -dék
    imád
    szenved
  4. (diminutive suffix) In this role, it is no longer productive. It can be found in place names, given names, and a few other words.
    apró (tiny)apród (page boy)
    gyenge (weak)gyengéd (gentle)
    Árpád (a male given name)
  5. (fraction-forming suffix) Added to a cardinal number to form a fraction. It is used with a linking vowel, see -ad, -od, -ed, -öd.
    száz (hundred)század (hundredth)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ad is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to the other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (personal suffix) See variants in the table below.

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Lushootseed[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-d

  1. denotes an action performed on someone or something else (transitive suffix; allows for a direct complement patient, creating a patient-oriented verb)

Ojibwe[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-d

  1. A suffix denoting the third-person singular conjunct form of an animate intransitive verb (vai)
  2. A suffix denoting the third-person singular conjunct form of an animate intransitive verb with an object (vai+o)
  3. A suffix denoting the third-person singular conjunct form of a Type 3 inanimate transitive verb (vti3)
  4. A suffix denoting the third-person singular to first-person singular conjunct form of a transitive animate verb (vta) with Cw ending

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-d

  1. Suffix to form the past participle of weakly inflected verbs, to be used when the corresponding participle belongs with a common noun in indefinite singular form.

See also[edit]