-k

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ken, -kien, from Old English -cian, from Proto-Germanic *-kōną. Cognate with West Frisian -kje, German -chen, Danish -ke, Swedish -ka. Perhaps related to Old English diminutive suffix -uc, -oc. More at -ock.

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. (obsolete, no longer productive) A suffix found in words of Middle English, Old English, and Proto-Germanic origin; occurring simultaneously in other Germanic languages, usually with an intensive or frequentative effect.
    tale, talk; steal, stalk; smile, smirk; mire, mirk; lower, lurk; hear, hark; wall, walk; fare, firk; yare, yark

Abenaki[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.
    tmakwa ‎(beaver) → tmakwak ‎(beavers)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used to form the plurals of almost all words that end in a, and of some words that end in other vowels or in the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. (added to verbs) you (singular, indirect object suffix)

Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Finnish -kko.

Suffix[edit]

-k ‎(genitive -ku, partitive -kut)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. a single instance of an action
      minema ‎(to go) → minek ‎(a going)
      ründama ‎(to attack) → rünnak ‎(an attack)
    2. the object of an action
      õppima ‎(to study) → õpik ‎(textbook)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with Finnish -kki.

Suffix[edit]

-k ‎(genitive -ki, partitive -kit)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs denoting an instrument of action.
    sõitma ‎(to drive) → sõiduk ‎(vehicle)
    hõljuma ‎(to hover) → hõljuk ‎(hovercraft)
    tõstma ‎(to raise) → tõstuk ‎(lift)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

May be the same as etymology 2.

Suffix[edit]

-k ‎(genitive -gi, partitive -ki)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. the result of an action
      jääma ‎(to remain) → jääk ‎(residue, remainder)
      saama ‎(to receive) → saak ‎(yield)
    2. the object of an action
      sööma ‎(to eat) → söök ‎(food)
      jooma ‎(to drink) → jook ‎(drink, beverage)

Hungarian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    hajó ‎(ship) → hajók ‎(ships)
    alma ‎(apple) → almák ‎(apples)
    mese ‎(fairy tale) → mesék ‎(fairy tales)
  2. (personal suffix) Denotes the first-person singular present tense in verb suffixes for all moods (indicative, conditional and subjunctive).
    ír ‎(to write) →
    írok ‎(I write, I am writing)
    írnék ‎(I would write)
    írjak ‎(I should write)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    ‎(woman) →‎ k ‎(women)
    fa ‎(tree) →‎ k ‎(trees)
    csésze ‎(cup) →‎ csészék ‎(cups)
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház ‎(house) →‎ házak ‎(houses)
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    pad ‎(bench) →‎ padok ‎(benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    kert ‎(garden) →‎ kertek ‎(gardens)
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    circle →‎ körök ‎(circles)

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. used on masculine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]



Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From both Arabic ـَكَ ‎(-aka) and ـِكِ ‎(-iki)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-k m, f

  1. you (object pronoun, second person singular)

Related terms[edit]