-k

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ken, -kien, from Old English -cian, from Proto-Germanic *-kōną. Cognate with West Frisian -kje, German -chen, Danish -ke, Swedish -ka. Perhaps related to Old English diminutive suffix -uc, -oc. More at -ock.

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. (obsolete, no longer productive) A suffix found in words of Middle English, Old English , usually with an intensive or frequentative effect.
    tale, talk; steal, stalk; smile, smirk; mire, mirk; lour, lurk; hear, hark; fare, firk; yare, yark

Abenaki[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.
    tmakwa(beaver)tmakwak(beavers)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used to form the plurals of almost all words that end in a, and of some words that end in other vowels or in the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. (added to verbs) you (singular, indirect object suffix)

Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Finnish -kko.

Suffix[edit]

-k ‎(genitive -ku, partitive -kut)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. a single instance of an action
      minema(to go)minek(a going)
      ründama(to attack)rünnak(an attack)
    2. the object of an action
      õppima(to study)õpik(textbook)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with Finnish -kki.

Suffix[edit]

-k ‎(genitive -ki, partitive -kit)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs denoting an instrument of action.
    sõitma(to drive)sõiduk(vehicle)
    hõljuma(to hover)hõljuk(hovercraft)
    tõstma(to raise)tõstuk(lift)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

May be the same as etymology 2.

Suffix[edit]

-k ‎(genitive -gi, partitive -ki)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. the result of an action
      jääma(to remain)jääk(residue, remainder)
      saama(to receive)saak(yield)
    2. the object of an action
      sööma(to eat)söök(food)
      jooma(to drink)jook(drink, beverage)

Hungarian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    hajó(ship)hajók(ships)
    alma(apple)almák(apples)
    mese(fairy tale)mesék(fairy tales)
  2. (personal suffix) Denotes the first-person singular present tense in verb suffixes for all moods (indicative, conditional and subjunctive).
    ír(to write)
    írok(I write, I am writing)
    írnék(I would write)
    írjak(I should write)
  3. Pre-historic diminutive suffix.
    lélek(soul)
    fészek(nest)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k(women)
    fa(tree) →‎ k(trees)
    csésze(cup) →‎ csészék(cups)
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház(house) →‎ házak(houses)
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    pad(bench) →‎ padok(benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    kert(garden) →‎ kertek(gardens)
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    circle →‎ körök(circles)

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. used on masculine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]



Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From both Arabic ـَكَ(-aka) and ـِكِ(-iki)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-k m, f

  1. you (object pronoun, second person singular)

Related terms[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Particle[edit]

-k

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “а, ли”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika