alma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: ALMA, Alma, and álma

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From colloquial Arabic عَالِمَة(ʿālima, singer), originally a feminine adjective meaning “learned, knowledgeable”, from عَلِمَ(ʿalima, to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈæl.mə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

alma (plural almas or alma)

  1. An Egyptian singer or dancing-girl employed for entertainment or as a professional mourner.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima.

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almes)

  1. soul

Synonyms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic алма
Perso-Arabic آلما

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Common Turkic *alma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alma (definite accusative almanı, plural almalar)

  1. apple
Declension[edit]
    Declension of alma
singular plural
nominative alma
almalar
definite accusative almanı
almaları
dative almaya
almalara
locative almada
almalarda
ablative almadan
almalardan
definite genitive almanın
almaların
    Possessive forms of alma
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) almam almalarım
sənin (your) alman almaların
onun (his/her/its) alması almaları
bizim (our) almamız almalarımız
sizin (your) almanız almalarınız
onların (their) alması or almaları almaları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) almamı almalarımı
sənin (your) almanı almalarını
onun (his/her/its) almasını almalarını
bizim (our) almamızı almalarımızı
sizin (your) almanızı almalarınızı
onların (their) almasını or almalarını almalarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) almama almalarıma
sənin (your) almana almalarına
onun (his/her/its) almasına almalarına
bizim (our) almamıza almalarımıza
sizin (your) almanıza almalarınıza
onların (their) almasına or almalarına almalarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) almamda almalarımda
sənin (your) almanda almalarında
onun (his/her/its) almasında almalarında
bizim (our) almamızda almalarımızda
sizin (your) almanızda almalarınızda
onların (their) almasında or almalarında almalarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) almamdan almalarımdan
sənin (your) almandan almalarından
onun (his/her/its) almasından almalarından
bizim (our) almamızdan almalarımızdan
sizin (your) almanızdan almalarınızdan
onların (their) almasından or almalarından almalarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) almamın almalarımın
sənin (your) almanın almalarının
onun (his/her/its) almasının almalarının
bizim (our) almamızın almalarımızın
sizin (your) almanızın almalarınızın
onların (their) almasının or almalarının almalarının

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

alma

  1. second-person singular negative imperative of almaq

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Common Turkic *alma.

Noun[edit]

alma

  1. apple

Declension[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese alma, from Latin anima. The dialectal form ialma contains an antihiatic sandhi semi-vowel generated in the usual expression a alma, "the soul". Doublet of ánima.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈalmɐ], [ˈjalmɐ]

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul (of a living person)
    • 1594, Anonymous, Entremés dos pastores:
      Ay Jan cata non te enfermes, nen sentencies con malicia, cata que a yalma perdes.
      Oh, Xan, look, don't get sick, or sentence with malice; watch out, because you are losing the soul
  2. (figuratively) person
    Synonyms: cristiano, persoa
  3. (figuratively) health
  4. (figuratively) core, nucleus
    Synonym: cerne

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • alma” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • alma” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • alma” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • alma” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • alma” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese alma. Cognate with Kabuverdianu álma.

Noun[edit]

alma

  1. soul

Hungarian[edit]

alma

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Common Turkic *alma.

Noun[edit]

alma (plural almák)

  1. apple
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alma almák
accusative almát almákat
dative almának almáknak
instrumental almával almákkal
causal-final almáért almákért
translative almává almákká
terminative almáig almákig
essive-formal almaként almákként
essive-modal
inessive almában almákban
superessive almán almákon
adessive almánál almáknál
illative almába almákba
sublative almára almákra
allative almához almákhoz
elative almából almákból
delative almáról almákról
ablative almától almáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
almáé almáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
almáéi almákéi
Possessive forms of alma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. almám almáim
2nd person sing. almád almáid
3rd person sing. almája almái
1st person plural almánk almáink
2nd person plural almátok almáitok
3rd person plural almájuk almáik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words
Expressions

Etymology 2[edit]

alom +‎ -a (possessive suffix)

Noun[edit]

alma

  1. third-person singular single-possession possessive of alom
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alma
accusative almát
dative almának
instrumental almával
causal-final almáért
translative almává
terminative almáig
essive-formal almaként
essive-modal almául
inessive almában
superessive almán
adessive almánál
illative almába
sublative almára
allative almához
elative almából
delative almáról
ablative almától
non-attributive
possessive - singular
almáé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
almáéi

Further reading[edit]

  • alma in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • alma in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2022)

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈal.ma/
  • Rhymes: -alma
  • Hyphenation: àl‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably from Vulgar Latin *alima, dissimilated form of Latin anima[1] (compare Spanish alma, Portuguese alma); alternatively, a borrowing from Old Occitan[2] (compare Occitan anma, arma). Doublet of anima.

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural alme)

  1. (literary) soul
    Synonym: anima

References[edit]

  • alma1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἅλμα (hálma, jump).

Noun[edit]

alma m (uncountable)

  1. (board games) halma

References[edit]

  • alma2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

alma

  1. feminine singular of almo

Anagrams[edit]


Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima.

Noun[edit]

alma f (Latin spelling, plural almas)

  1. soul

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

alma f

  1. inflection of almus:
    1. feminine nominative/vocative singular
    2. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative plural

References[edit]

  • alma in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • alma”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Leonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul

References[edit]


Mirandese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima (soul, breath).

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima (soul, breath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Galician: alma
  • Portuguese: alma

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese alma, from Latin anima (soul, breath). Doublet of anima, borrowed from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -almɐ, (Brazil) -awmɐ
  • Hyphenation: al‧ma

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul
    • 1913, Fernando Pessoa, “Ó sino da minha aldeia”:
      Ó sino da minha aldeia, / Dolente na tarde calma, / Cada tua badalada / Soa dentro da minha alma.
      Oh bell of my village, / Lazy in this peaceful afternoon, / Each one of your tollings / Resounds in my soul.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima. Doublet of ánima, borrowed from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈalma/, [ˈal.ma]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

alma f

  1. feminine singular of almo

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul
    Synonym: ánima
  2. (engineering) web (strip of material between flanges)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The feminine noun alma is like other feminine nouns starting with a stressed /a/ sound in that it takes the articles el and un (normally reserved for masculine nouns) in the singular when there is no intervening adjective:
el alma
un alma
  • However, if an adjective, even one that begins with stressed /a/ such as alta or ancha, intervenes between the article and the noun, the article reverts to la or una.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Zoogocho Zapotec: angl

Further reading[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish armar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: al‧ma
  • IPA(key): /ʔalˈma/, [ʔɐlˈma]

Noun[edit]

almá

  1. rising of hind legs in violent protest, rage, or bad temper (as of horses)
  2. (figuratively) rising in violent protest or anger
  3. (figuratively) tantrum; fit of bad temper (as of a child)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

alma

  1. second-person singular negative imperative of almak
Usage notes[edit]
  • The stress is on the first syllable, i.e. alma.

Noun[edit]

alma (definite accusative almayı, plural almalar)

  1. verbal noun of almak
    1. taking, picking up, buying
Usage notes[edit]
  • The stress is on the last syllable, i.e. alma.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish آلما(alma).

Noun[edit]

alma (definite accusative almayı, plural almalar)

  1. Obsolete form of elma (apple).
Usage notes[edit]
  • The stress is on the last syllable, i.e. alma.

Turkmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Common Turkic *alma.

Noun[edit]

alma (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. apple