alma

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See also: Alma and álma

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From colloquial Arabic عَالِمَة(ʿālima, singer), originally a feminine adjective meaning “learned, knowledgeable”, from عَلِمَ(ʿalima, to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈæl.mə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

alma (plural almas or alma)

  1. An Egyptian singer or dancing-girl employed for entertainment or as a professional mourner.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima.

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almes)

  1. soul

Synonyms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic алма
Roman alma
Perso-Arabic آلما

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic [Term?]. Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (alïmla), Turkish elma, Tatar and Bashkir алма (alma), Chuvash улма (ulma) (dialectally also олма (olma), омла (omla), омма (omma)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alma (definite accusative almanı, plural almalar)

  1. apple
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

alma

  1. second-person singular negative imperative of almaq

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese, from Latin anima. Doublet of ánima.

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul (of a living person)

See also[edit]


Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese alma. Cognates with Kabuverdianu álma.

Noun[edit]

alma

  1. soul

Hungarian[edit]

alma

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒlmɒ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

From a Turkic language. Compare Azerbaijani alma, Turkish elma.

Noun[edit]

alma (plural almák)

  1. apple
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alma almák
accusative almát almákat
dative almának almáknak
instrumental almával almákkal
causal-final almáért almákért
translative almává almákká
terminative almáig almákig
essive-formal almaként almákként
essive-modal
inessive almában almákban
superessive almán almákon
adessive almánál almáknál
illative almába almákba
sublative almára almákra
allative almához almákhoz
elative almából almákból
delative almáról almákról
ablative almától almáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
almáé almáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
almáéi almákéi
Possessive forms of alma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. almám almáim
2nd person sing. almád almáid
3rd person sing. almája almái
1st person plural almánk almáink
2nd person plural almátok almáitok
3rd person plural almájuk almáik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words
Expressions

Etymology 2[edit]

alom +‎ -a (possessive suffix)

Noun[edit]

alma

  1. third-person singular single-possession possessive of alom
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alma
accusative almát
dative almának
instrumental almával
causal-final almáért
translative almává
terminative almáig
essive-formal almaként
essive-modal almául
inessive almában
superessive almán
adessive almánál
illative almába
sublative almára
allative almához
elative almából
delative almáról
ablative almától
non-attributive
possessive - singular
almáé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
almáéi

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Vulgar Latin *alima, dissimilated form of Latin anima[1] (compare Spanish and Portuguese alma); alternatively, a borrowing from Old Occitan[2] (compare Occitan anma, arma). Doublet of anima.

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural alme)

  1. (literary) soul

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima.

Noun[edit]

alma f (Latin spelling, plural almas)

  1. soul

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

alma f

  1. inflection of almus:
    1. feminine nominative/vocative singular
    2. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative plural

References[edit]


Leonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul

References[edit]


Mirandese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima (soul, breath).

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima (soul, breath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Galician: alma
  • Portuguese: alma

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese alma, from Latin anima (soul, breath). Doublet of anima, borrowed from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul
    • 1913, Fernando Pessoa, “Ó sino da minha aldeia”:
      Ó sino da minha aldeia, / Dolente na tarde calma, / Cada tua badalada / Soa dentro da minha alma.
      Oh bell of my village, / Lazy in this peaceful afternoon, / Each one of your tollings / Resounds in my soul.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin anima. Doublet of ánima, borrowed from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alma f (plural almas)

  1. soul
    Synonym: ánima

Usage notes[edit]

  • The feminine noun alma is like other feminine nouns starting with a stressed a sound in that it takes the definite article el (normally reserved for masculine nouns) in the singular when there is no intervening adjective:
el alma
  • However, if an adjective, even one that begins with a stressed a sound such as alta or ancha, intervenes between the article and the noun, the article reverts to la.
Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Zoogocho Zapotec: angl

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

alma

  1. second-person singular negative imperative of almak

Noun[edit]

alma (definite accusative almayı, plural almalar)

  1. verbal noun of almak
    1. taking, picking up, buying

Usage notes[edit]

For the imperative verb form, the stress is on the first syllable. For the verbal noun, the stress is on the last syllable.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish آلما(alma).

Noun[edit]

alma (definite accusative almayı, plural almalar)

  1. (obsolete) apple (elma is the preferred spelling in modern Turkish)

Turkmen[edit]

Noun[edit]

alma (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. apple