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See also: Apple and äpple


English Wikipedia has an article on:
A red apple


From Middle English appel, from Old English æppel (apple, any kind of fruit, fruit in general, apple of the eye, ball, anything round, bolus, pill), from Proto-Germanic *aplaz (apple) (compare Scots aipple, West Frisian apel, Dutch appel, German Apfel, Swedish äpple, Danish æble), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ébōl, *h₂ébl̥ (apple) (compare Welsh afal, Irish úll, Lithuanian óbuolỹs, Russian я́блоко (jábloko), possibly Ancient Greek ἄμπελος (ámpelos, vine)).[1][2]


  • (US, UK) enPR: ăpʹ(ə)l, IPA(key): /ˈæp.əl/, [ˈæp.ɫ̩]
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  • Rhymes: -æpəl
  • Hyphenation: ap‧ple


apple (plural apples)

  1. A common, round fruit produced by the tree Malus domestica, cultivated in temperate climates. [from 9th c.]
    • c. 1378, William Langland, Piers Plowman:
      I prayed pieres to pulle adown an apple.
    • 1815, Jane Austen, Emma:
      Not that I had any doubt before – I have so often heard Mr. Woodhouse recommend a baked apple.
    • 2013 October 28, John Vallins, “Apples of concord”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Close by and under cover, I watched the juicing process. Apples were washed, then tipped, stalks and all, into the crusher and reduced to pulp.
  2. Any of various tree-borne fruits or vegetables especially considered as resembling an apple; also (with qualifying words) used to form the names of other specific fruits such as custard apple, rose apple, thorn apple etc. [from 9th c.]
    • 1658, trans. Giambattista della Porta, Natural Magick, I.16:
      In Persia there grows a deadly tree, whose Apples are Poison, and present death.
    • 1784, James Cook, A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, II:
      Otaheite […] is remarkable for producing great quantities of that delicious fruit we called apples, which are found in none of the others, except Eimeo.
    • 1825, Theodric Romeyn Beck, Elements of Medical Jurisprudence, 2nd edition, page 565:
      Hippomane mancinella. (Manchineel-tree.) Dr. Peysonnel relates that a soldier, who was a slave with the Turks, eat some of the apples of this tree, and was soon seized with a swelling and pain of the abdomen.
  3. The fruit of the Tree of Knowledge, eaten by Adam and Eve according to post-Biblical Christian tradition; the forbidden fruit. [from 11th c.]
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book X:
      Him by fraud I have seduced / From his Creator; and, the more to encrease / Your wonder, with an apple […].
    • 1985, Barry Reckord, The White Witch:
      Woman ate the apple, and discovered sex, and lost all shame, and lift up her fig—leaf, and she must suffer the pains of hell. Monthly.
  4. A tree of the genus Malus, especially one cultivated for its edible fruit; the apple tree. [from 15th c.]
    • 1913, John Weathers, Commercial Gardening, page 38:
      If the grafted portion of an Apple or other tree were examined after one hundred years, the old cut surfaces would still be present, for mature or ripened wood, being dead, never unites.
    • 2000 PA Thomas, Trees: Their Natural History, page 227:
      This allows a weak plant to benefit from the strong roots of another, or a vigorous tree (such as an apple) to be kept small by growing on 'dwarfing rootstock'.
    • 2009, Sid Gardner, The Faults of the Owens Valley, →ISBN, page 34:
      Used to be apple orchards, used to be the river and irrigation ditches that watered the apples, used to be mining towns.
    • 2012, Terri Reid, The Everything Guide to Living Off the Grid, page 77:
      Other fruit trees, like apples, need well-drained soil.
  5. The wood of the apple tree. [from 19th c.]
  6. (in the plural, Cockney rhyming slang) Short for apples and pears, slang for stairs. [from 20th c.]
  7. (baseball, slang, obsolete) The ball in baseball. [from 20th c.]
  8. (informal) When smiling, the round, fleshy part of the cheeks between the eyes and the corners of the mouth.
  9. (derogatory, ethnic slur) A Native American or red-skinned person who acts and/or thinks like a white (Caucasian) person.
    • 1998, Opal J. Moore, “Git That Gal a Red Dress: A Conversation Between Female Faculty at a State School in Virginia”, in Daryl Cumber Dance, editor, Honey, Hush!: An Anthology of African American Women's Humor, W. W. Norton & Company, →ISBN, page 537:
      The presenter, close to tears, told the audience that she's really an apple—white on the inside and red on the outside—Native American.
    • 2012 November 12, Joel Spring, The Cultural Transformation of A Native American Family and Its Tribe 1763-1995: A Basket of Apples[2], Routledge, →ISBN, ch. 9:
      My ancestors five generations removed were "apples" who were "White" on the inside and "Red" on the outside.
  10. (ice hockey slang) An assist.

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.



apple (third-person singular simple present apples, present participle appling, simple past and past participle appled)

  1. To become apple-like.
    • 1992, Marilyn Strathern, Reproducing the Future:
      One might say they have to be appled-up; varieties are selected for marketing which have the most apple-like qualities.
    • 2004, Gregory David Roberts, Shantaram: A Novel:
      He glanced at me, his cheeks appled in the impish grin I was learning to recognise as the clever under-side of his broad and gentle smile.
    • 2007, Claudia D. Newcorn, Crossover: Krisalys Chronicles of Feyree, page 35:
      A large smile appled his full cheeks as the four sprytes eagerly served themselves from the seeds and thinly sliced fruits.
    • 2011, Cynthia Robinson, The Barbary Dogs, page 57:
      She smiled, and her cheeks appled up and her teeth were big and flat and her mouth was wide and spacious like an open invitation.
  2. (obsolete) To form buds.
    • 1767, James Justice, The British gardener's calendar, page 274:
      You may now sow upon moderate hot-beds, a few of the small Salad feeds, such as White Mustard, Rape, Cresses, and Cabbage Lettuces, and you may also sow upon other hot-beds, not to be drawn until they are pretty large and well appled, Radishes and Turnips, observing to sow them very thin, that the plants may have room to swell and grow;
    • 1807, The Complete Farmer:
      Other cultivators, however, advise "that the seed collected from a few turnips thus transplanted, should be preserved and sown in drills, in order to raise plants for see for the general crop, drawing out all such as are weak and improper, leaving only those that are strong and which take the lead; and that when these have appled or formed bulbs, to again take out such as do not appear good and perfect, as by this means turnip seed may be procured, not only of a more vigorous nature, but which is capable of vegetating with less moisture and which produces stronger and more hardy plants.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ apple” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.
  2. ^


Middle English[edit]



  1. Alternative form of appel