pineapple

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

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A split pineapple.
A pineapple-style hand grenade

From Middle English pinappel (pinecone, literally pine-apple/pine-fruit), equivalent to pine +‎ apple. Later applied to the fruit of the pineapple plant due to its resemblance to a pinecone. Compare the Middle Dutch and Dutch pijnappel, the Middle Low German pinappel, the Old High German pīnapful, the Middle High German pīnaphel, and the early Modern German pinapfel — all in the sense of “pine cone”. Compare also the post-Classical Latin pomum pini, the Old French pume de pin, the Middle French and French pomme de pin and Spanish piña.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: pīʹnăpəl, IPA(key): /ˈpaɪnæpəl/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpaɪnəpəl/, /ˌpaɪnˈæpəl/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

pineapple (plural pineapples)

  1. A tropical plant, Ananas comosus, native to South America, having thirty or more long, spined and pointed leaves surrounding a thick stem.
  2. The ovoid fruit of the pineapple plant, which has very sweet white or yellow flesh, a tough, spiky shell and a tough, fibrous core.
  3. (uncountable) The flesh of a pineapple fruit used as a food item.
  4. (slang) An Australian fifty dollar note.
  5. A web burrfish (Chilomycterus antillarum, syn. Chilomycterus geometricus)
  6. A light yellow colour, like that of pineapple flesh (also called pineapple yellow).
    pineapple:  
  7. (obsolete) A pinecone.
  8. A decorative carving of a pineapple fruit used as a symbol of hospitality.
  9. (slang) A hand grenade. (From the similarity to the shape of a pineapple fruit.)
    Synonyms: grenade, hand grenade
  10. A hairstyle consisting of a ponytail worn on top of the head, imitating the leaves of a pineapple.

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