fir

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See also: FIR, fir-, and fír

English[edit]

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A fir tree (Abies balsamea)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English firre, from either Old Norse fýri (as in fýriskógr (pine-wood)[1] or Old English fyrh, furh (as in furhwudu (pinewood),[2] from Proto-Germanic *furhō, *furhijǭ (compare Dutch vuren, Low German Fuhr, German Föhre (pine), Danish fyr), from Proto-Indo-European *pŕ̥kʷeh₂ (compare Italian (Trentino) porca (fir), from *pérkʷus (oak) (compare Latin quercus (oak), Albanian shpardh, shparr (Italian oak), Punjabi ਪਰਗਾਇ (pargāī, holm oak, Quercus baloot)). Related to frith.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir (countable and uncountable, plural firs)

  1. (chiefly countable) A conifer of the genus Abies.
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 1, in The Dust of Conflict[1]:
      A beech wood with silver firs in it rolled down the face of the hill, and the maze of leafless twigs and dusky spires cut sharp against the soft blueness of the evening sky.
  2. (chiefly countable) Any pinaceous conifer of related genera, especially a Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga) or a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris).
    • 1954, J. R. R. Tolkien, chapter 3, in The Lord of the Rings:
      we shall find a spot that is sheltered and snug enough, sir. There is a dry fir-wood just ahead, if I remember rightly.
    • 1991, Paul Chadwick, Concrete: American Christmas, Dark Horse Books
      I can almost smell the fir scent… resinous, pungent.
  3. (uncountable) Wood of such trees.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd edn., s.v. "fir" (Oxford, 2000).
  2. ^ J.P. Mallory, Douglas Q. Adams, eds., Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture s.v. "oak", "pine" (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997), pp. 407, 428-9.

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir m

  1. inflection of fear:
    1. vocative and genitive singular
    2. nominative and dative plural

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fir fhir bhfir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

fir

  1. rafsi of flira.

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German furi, from Proto-Germanic *furi. Cognate with German für, English for.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

fir (+ accusative)

  1. for

Derived terms[edit]


Manx[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir

  1. plural of fer

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fir ir vir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

fir

  1. imperative of fire

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir

  1. vocative singular of fer
  2. genitive singular of fer
  3. nominative plural of fer

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fir ḟir fir
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir n (plural fire)

  1. thread, string, filament, wire
  2. (fir de păr) a hair

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir m

  1. genitive singular of fear
  2. nominative plural of fear