fir

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: fir- and fír

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A fir tree (Abies balsamea)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English firre, from either Old Norse fýri (as in fýriskógr 'pine-wood')[1] or Old English fyrh, furh (as in furhwudu 'pinewood'),[2] from Proto-Germanic *furhijǭ (compare Dutch vuren, Low German Fuhr, German Föhre(pine), Danish fyr), from Proto-Indo-European *pŕ̥kʷeh₂ (compare Italian (Trentino) porca(fir), from *pérkʷus(oak) (compare Latin quercus(oak), Albanian shpardh, shparr(Italian oak), Punjabi ਪਰਗਾਇ(pargāī, holm oak, Quercus baloot)). Related to frith.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir ‎(countable and uncountable, plural firs)

  1. (chiefly countable, Britain) Any conifer of a variety of genera, especially a Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris or a true fir (Abies).
    • 1954, J. R. R. Tolkien, chapter 3, in The Lord of the Rings:
      we shall find a spot that is sheltered and snug enough, sir. There is a dry fir-wood just ahead, if I remember rightly.
  2. (chiefly countable, US) A conifer of the genus Abies.
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 1, in The Dust of Conflict[1]:
      A beech wood with silver firs in it rolled down the face of the hill, and the maze of leafless twigs and dusky spires cut sharp against the soft blueness of the evening sky.
    • 1991, Paul Chadwick, Concrete: American Christmas, Dark Horse Books
      I can almost smell the fir scent… resinous, pungent.
  3. (uncountable) Wood of such trees.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd edn., s.v. "fir" (Oxford, 2000).
  2. ^ J.P. Mallory, Douglas Q. Adams, eds., Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture s.v. "oak", "pine" (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997), pp. 407, 428-9.

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir m

  1. vocative singular of fear
  2. genitive singular of fear
  3. nominative plural of fear: "men"
    Sláinte chuig na fir agus go maire na mná go deo!
    Health to the men and may the women live forever!

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fir fhir bhfir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

fir

  1. rafsi of flira.

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German furi, from Proto-Germanic *furi. Cognate with German für, English for.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

fir ‎(+ accusative)

  1. for

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

fir

  1. imperative of fire

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir

  1. vocative singular of fer
  2. genitive singular of fer
  3. nominative plural of fer

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fir ḟir fir
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

fir n ‎(plural fire)

  1. thread, string, filament, wire
  2. (fir de păr) a hair

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir m

  1. genitive singular of fear
  2. nominative plural of fear