genus

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See also: Genus, ĝenus, and -genus

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia enWikipedia en

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*ǵenh₁-

Borrowed from Latin genus (birth, origin, a race, sort, kind) from the root gen- in Latin gignere, Old Latin gegnere (to beget, produce).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

genus (plural genera)

  1. (biology, taxonomy) a rank in the classification of organisms, below family and above species; a taxon at that rank
    All magnolias belong to the genus Magnolia.
    Other species of the genus Bos are often called cattle or wild cattle.
    There are only two genera and species of seadragons.
    • 1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page 6
      Müller [] criticized the division of the "Jubuleae" into two families and he cited Jubula as an annectant genus.
  2. A group with common attributes.
    • 1945, Bertrand Russell, A History of Western Philosophy, p. 655:
      Recollection is one of a whole genus of effects which are more or less peculiar to the phenomena that we naturally call "mental."
  3. (topology) A number measuring some aspect of the complexity of any of various manifolds or graphs
  4. (semantics) Within a definition, a broader category of the defined concept.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

External links[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin genus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡeːnus/, [ˈɡ̊eːnus]

Noun[edit]

genus n (plural indefinite genus or genera)

  1. (biology, taxonomy) genus
  2. (grammar) gender

Synonyms[edit]

  • (taxonomic genus): slægt
  • (grammatical genus): køn

External links[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin genus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

genus n (plural genera)

  1. (botany) a rank in a taxonomic classification, in between family and species.
  2. (botany) a taxon at this rank
  3. (linguistics) gender

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia la

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *genos, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁os (race), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to produce, beget); compare also gēns, from a related root. Cognates include Ancient Greek γένος (génos, race, stock, kin, kind), Sanskrit जनस् (jánas, race, class of beings).

Noun[edit]

genus n (genitive generis); third declension

  1. birth, origin
  2. kind, type, class
  3. species (of animal or plant), race (of people)
    • 29 bc. Vergil. Georgics, III
      omne adeo genvs in terris hominvmqve ferarvmqve
      et genvs æqvorevm pecvdes pictæqve volvcres
      in fvrias ignemqve rvvnt
      So far does every species on earth of man and beast,
      whether the aquatic species, livestock, or painted-winged,
      collapse into the frenzies and the fire [of sex].
  4. set, group (with common attributes)
  5. (grammar) gender
    Andreas Semperius (Andreas Sampere, Andreu Sempere; 16th century): Andreae Semperii Valentini Alcodiani, doctoris medici, prima grammaticae latinae institutio tribus libris explicata, Majorca/Mallorca, 1819, p.19
    Genera nominum, septem sunt. Masculinum, cui praeponitur hic: ut hic Dominus. Foemineum, cui praeponitur haec: ut haec musa. Neutrum, cui praeponuntur hoc: ut hoc templum. Commune, cui praeponuntur hic, & haec: ut hic, & haec Sacerdos. Omne, cui praeponuntur hic, haec, hoc, vel per tres varias voces inflectitur: ut hic, haec, hoc felix, bonus, bona, bonum. Dubium, quod modo masculinum, modo faemineum, apud Oratores etiam invenitur: ut hic, vel haec dies. Promiscuum, in quo sexus uterque per alterum apparet: ut hic passer, haec aquila, hic lepus.
    Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus (attributed): Commentarium de oratione et de octo partibus orationis. In: „Patrologiae cursus completus sive Bibliotheca universalis, integra, uniformis, commoda, oeconomica, omnium ss. patrum, doctorum scriptorumque ecclesiasticorum qui ab aevo apostolico ad innocentii III tempora floruerunt; [...]. Series prima, in qua prodeunt patres, doctores scriptoresque ecclesiae latinae a tertulliano ad gregorium magnum. Accurante J.-P. Migne, cursuum completorum in singulos scientiae ecclesiaticae ramos editore. Patrologiae tomus LXX. Cassiodori tomus posterior. – Magni Aurelii Cassiodori senatoris, viri patricii, consularis, et vivariensis abbatis opera omnia in duos tomos distributa, ad fidem manuscriptiorum codicum emendata et aucta, notis, observationibus et indicibus locupletata, praecedente auctoris vita, quae nunc primum in lucem prodit cum dissertatione de ejus monarchatu. Opera et studio J. Garetii monarchi ordinis sancti Benedicti e congregatione sancti mauri. Nobis autem curantibus accesserunt complexiones in epistolas b. Pauli quas edidit et annotavit scipio Maffeius. Tomus posterior. – Parisiis, venit apud editorem, in via dicta d'amboise, près la barriere d'enfer, ou petit-montrouge. 1847“, p.1225
    Genera nominum sunt sex: masculinum, ut hic Cato; femininum, ut haec musa; neutrum, ut hoc monile; commune duorum generum, ut hic et haec sacerdos: trium generum, ut hic, et haec, et hoc felix; epicoenon, quod Latine promiscuum dicitur, ut passer, aquila.
    Aelius Donatus: Ars Minor (De Verbo)
    Genera verborum quot sunt? Quinque. Quae? Activa passiva neutra deponentia communia.
    Maurus Servius Honoratus: Commentarius in Artem Donati
    Verborum genera quinque sunt, activa passiva neutra communia deponentia.
Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative genus genera
genitive generis generum
dative generī generibus
accusative genus genera
ablative genere generibus
vocative genus genera
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflection of genū.

Noun[edit]

genūs

  1. genitive singular of genū

Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sv

Noun[edit]

genus n

  1. (grammar) gender (division of nouns and pronouns)
  2. (social) gender, sex (social issues of being man or woman)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Biological gender is called kön. The Latin word genus is used for grammar and more recently for gender studies.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]