جنس

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See also: حنش

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably from Classical Syriac ܓܸܢܣܵܐ(gensā), which is in turn probably from Ancient Greek γένος (génos), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁os. Alternatively, but much less likely, from Latin genus from the same Indo-European etymon.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒins/
    • (Moroccan) IPA(key): /ɡans/, /ʒins/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

جِنْس (jinsm (plural أَجْنَاس(ʾajnās))

  1. kind, sort, variety, species, class, genus
    اَلْجَزَاءُ مِنْ جِنْسِ الْعَمَل
    al-jazāʾu min jinsi l-ʿamal
    The punishment should fit the crime.
  2. category
  3. sex, gender (male or female)
  4. (grammar) gender
  5. race
  6. nation
  7. value, worth, distinction which reflects in a different price, richness
    • a. 1248, ابن البيطار (Ibn al-Bayṭār), الجامع لمفردات الأدوية والأغذية [De simplicibus medicinis opus magnum]:
      كركند: الغافقي قيل أنه حجر يشبه الياقوت الأحمر غير أنه ليس في نضارته ولا جنسه وإذا نفخ عليه النار انكسر والمبرد يعمل فيه عملاً خفيفاً.‎‎
      Ruby spinel: Al-Ġāfaqīy [d. 1164]: It is said to be a stone similar to ruby but it isn’t in its shine nor value. And when fire is blown upon it then it bursts. The file works upon it but feebly.
  8. good or item of value of a furnishing, a valuable, commodity
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the noun جِنْس(jins, kind, sort) and جِنْسِيَّة(jinsiyya, nationality).

Verb[edit]

جَنَّسَ (jannasa) II, non-past يُجَنِّسُ‎‎ (yujannisu)

  1. to make alike, to make similar
  2. to assimilate, to naturalize
  3. to class, to classify, to sort, to categorize
  4. to give nationality to
Conjugation[edit]

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic جِنْس(jins).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جنس (jens) (plural اجناس(ajnâs) or جنس‌ها(jens-hâ))

  1. kind
  2. genus
  3. genre
  4. (grammar) gender
  5. sex (female or male)
  6. goods

Related terms[edit]