male

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See also: Male, Malé, mâle, malë, måle, małe, and málé

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English male, a borrowing from Old French masle, malle (Modern French mâle), from Latin masculus ‎(masculine, a male), diminutive of mās ‎(male, masculine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

male ‎(not comparable)

  1. Belonging to the sex which has testes and/or XY chromosomes. [from 14th c.]
    • 2003, Manju Yadav, Biotechnology (ISBN 8171417124), page 314:
      Affected individuals are therefore chromosomally male but for the most part phenotypically female, and they are, or course, unable to bear children. Nevertheless, many do marry as women []
    • For usage examples of this term, see Citations:male.
  2. Belonging to the masculine gender (social category).
  3. (biology) Typical of, or typically found in, the male of a species. [from 16-17th c.]
    • 2009 September 11, The Guardian:
      "It's very complex area," said Bowen-Simpkins, a consultant gynaecologist. "The male hormone is what gives bulk to muscles and bones so they are at an advantage."
  4. (grammar, less common than 'masculine') Masculine; of the masculine grammatical gender.
    • 2012, Naomi McIlwraith, Kiyâm: Poems (ISBN 1926836693), page 43:
      The teacher's voice inflects the pulse of nêhiyawêwin as he teaches us. He says a prayer in the first class. Nouns, we learn, have a gender. In French, nouns are male or female, but in Cree, nouns are living or non-living, animate or inanimate.
  5. (figuratively) Of instruments, tools, or connectors: designed to fit into or penetrate a "female" counterpart, as in a connector or pipe fitting. [from 16th c.]

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

male ‎(plural males)

  1. One of the male (masculine) sex or gender.
    1. A human member of the masculine sex or gender.
    2. An animal of the sex that has testes.
    3. A plant of the masculine sex.

Antonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German mālen ‎(to draw, paint). Cognate with Icelandic mála ‎(to paint).

Verb[edit]

male ‎(imperative mal, present maler, past malede or malte, past participle malet or malt)

  1. to paint
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną ‎(to grind), from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂- ‎(to grind, rub, break up). Cognate with Icelandic mala.

Verb[edit]

male ‎(imperative mal, infinitive at male, present tense maler, past tense malede, perfect tense er/har malet)

  1. to grind, mill
Derived terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

male

  1. (archaic) Dative singular form of maal

Verb[edit]

male

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of malen

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From prefix mal- (antonym)+-e (indicates adverbs)

Adverb[edit]

male

  1. on the contrary
  2. opposingly; in opposition
    male ol...
    as opposed to...

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Coined ex nihilo by Ado Grenzstein in the 19th century.

Noun[edit]

male ‎(genitive male, partitive malet)

  1. (board game) chess

Declension[edit]


German[edit]

Verb[edit]

male

  1. First-person singular present of malen.
  2. Imperative singular of malen.
  3. First-person singular subjunctive I of malen.
  4. Third-person singular subjunctive I of malen.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin male.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmaː.le], /ˈmale/

Adverb[edit]

male (comparative: peggio; superlative: malissimo)

  1. badly, wrongly

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

male m ‎(plural mali)

  1. evil, harm
  2. pain, ache, illness, sickness, disease

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From malus ‎(bad, wicked).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

male ‎(comparative pēius, superlative pessimē)

  1. badly
  2. wrongly
  3. cruelly, wickedly
  4. not much; feebly

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • male in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • male in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • MALE in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to deserve ill of a person; to treat badly: male mereri de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bene, male audire (ab aliquo)
    • (ambiguous) to inculcate good (bad) principles: bene (male) praecipere alicui
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: animus male sibi conscius
    • (ambiguous) a moral (immoral) man: homo bene (male) moratus
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) to manage one's affairs, household, property well or ill: rem bene (male) gerere (vid. sect. XVI. 10a)
    • (ambiguous) to buy dearly: magno or male emere
    • (ambiguous) to win, lose a fight (of the commander): rem (bene, male) gerere (vid. sect. XII. 2, note rem gerere...)
    • (ambiguous) I am sorry to hear..: male (opp. bene) narras (de)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse mála and Middle Low German malen

Verb[edit]

male ‎(imperative mal, present tense maler, passive males, simple past malte, past participle malt, present participle malende)

  1. to paint

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse mala

Verb[edit]

male ‎(imperative mal, present tense maler, passive males, simple past mol or malte, past participle malt, present participle malende)

  1. to grind or mill (to make smaller by breaking with a device)
  2. to purr (of a cat, to make a vibrating sound in its throat when contented)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]