tend

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tɛnd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English *tenden, from Old French tendre (to stretch, stretch out, hold forth, offer, tender), from Latin tendere (to stretch, stretch out, extend, spread out).

Verb[edit]

tend (third-person singular simple present tends, present participle tending, simple past and past participle tended)

  1. (law, Old English law) To make a tender of; to offer or tender.
  2. (followed by a to-infinitive) To be likely, or probable to do something, or to have a certain habit or leaning. [from the mid-14th c.]
    They tend to go out on Saturdays.
    It tends to snow here in winter.
  3. (intransitive) To contribute to or toward some outcome.
    • 1812, William Cobbett, The Parliamentary History of England:
      The Lords in 1722 declared that annexing such Clauses tends to the destruction of this government. And yet there are such bills every session and you pass them.
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English tenden, by apheresis of attenden (to attend). More at attend.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tend (third-person singular simple present tends, present participle tending, simple past and past participle tended)

  1. (with to) To look after (e.g. an ill person.) [from the early 14th c.]
    We need to tend to the garden, which has become a mess.
  2. To accompany as an assistant or protector; to care for the wants of; to look after; to watch; to guard.
    Shepherds tend their flocks.
    • (Can we date this quote by Emerson and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      There's not a sparrow or a wren, / There's not a blade of autumn grain, / Which the four seasons do not tend / And tides of life and increase lend.
  3. To wait (upon), as attendants or servants; to serve; to attend.
  4. (obsolete) To await; to expect.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  5. (obsolete) To be attentive to; to note carefully; to attend to.
    • (Can we date this quote by Chapman and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Being to descend / A ladder much in height, I did not tend / My way well down.
  6. (transitive, nautical) To manage (an anchored vessel) when the tide turns, to prevent it from entangling the cable when swinging.
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Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English tenden, from Old English tendan (to kindle, set on fire) (usually in compounds ātendan, fortendan, ontendan), from Proto-Germanic *tandijaną (to kindle), of unknown origin. Cognate with Danish tænde (to kindle), Swedish tända (to ignite), Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (tandjan, to kindle), Icelandic tendra (to ignite), German zünden (to light, ignite, fire). Related to tinder.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tend (third-person singular simple present tends, present participle tending, simple past and past participle tended)

  1. (transitive, now chiefly dialectal) To kindle; ignite; set on fire; light; inflame; burn.
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Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *tend-, from Proto-Indo-European *ten-d- (to distend; draw, stretch (out)). Cognate to Latin tendo (to stretch (out), strain). Present dendë with assimilation of the anlaut.[1]

Verb[edit]

tend (first-person singular past tense denda, participle dendë)

  1. to stuff, cram, to compress
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[1] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 129

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

tend

  1. third-person singular present indicative of tendre

Anagrams[edit]