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From Middle English crammen, from Old English crammian (to cram; stuff), from Proto-Germanic *krammōną, a secondary verb derived from *krimmaną (to stuff), from Proto-Indo-European *ger- (to assemble; collect; gather). Compare Old English crimman (to cram; stuff; insert; press; bruise), Icelandic kremja (to squeeze; crush; bruise).



cram (plural crams)

  1. The act of cramming.
  2. Information hastily memorized; as, a cram from an examination.
  3. A warp having more than two threads passing through each dent or split of the reed.
  4. (dated, British slang) A lie; a falsehood.




cram (third-person singular simple present crams, present participle cramming, simple past and past participle crammed)

  1. (transitive) To press, force, or drive, particularly in filling, or in thrusting one thing into another; to stuff; to crowd; to fill to superfluity.
    to cram fruit into a basket; to cram a room with people
  2. (transitive) To fill with food to satiety; to stuff.
  3. (transitive) To put hastily through an extensive course of memorizing or study, as in preparation for an examination.
    A pupil is crammed by his tutor.
  4. To study hard; to swot.
  5. To eat greedily, and to satiety; to stuff.
  6. (dated, British slang) To lie; to intentionally not tell the truth.

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