press

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See also: Press

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /pɹɛs/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛs

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle English presse (throng, crowd, clothespress), partially from Old English press (clothespress) (from Medieval Latin pressa) and partially from Old French presse (Modern French presse) from Old French presser (to press), from Latin pressāre, from pressus, past participle of premere (to press). Displaced native Middle English thring (press, crowd, throng) (from Old English þring (a press, crowd, anything that presses or confines)).

Noun[edit]

press (countable and uncountable, plural presses)

  1. (countable) A device used to apply pressure to an item.
    a flower press
  2. (countable) A printing machine.
    Synonym: printing press
    Stop the presses!
  3. (uncountable, collective) The print-based media (both the people and the newspapers).
    according to a member of the press
    This article appeared in the press.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      From another point of view, it was a place without a soul. The well-to-do had hearts of stone; the rich were brutally bumptious; the Press, the Municipality, all the public men, were ridiculously, vaingloriously self-satisfied.
    • 2013 August 10, Lexington, “Keeping the mighty honest”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      British journalists shun complete respectability, feeling a duty to be ready to savage the mighty, or rummage through their bins. Elsewhere in Europe, government contracts and subsidies ensure that press barons will only defy the mighty so far.
  4. (countable) A publisher.
  5. (countable, especially in Ireland and Scotland) An enclosed storage space (e.g. closet, cupboard).
    Put the cups in the press.
    Put the ironing in the linen press.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, [].
  6. (countable, weightlifting) An exercise in which weight is forced away from the body by extension of the arms or legs.
    • 1974, Charles Gaines & George Butler, Pumping Iron: The Art and Sport of Bodybuilding, p.22:
      This is the fourth set of benchpresses. There will be five more; then there will be five sets of presses on an inclined bench [].
  7. (countable, wagering) An additional bet in a golf match that duplicates an existing (usually losing) wager in value, but begins even at the time of the bet.
    He can even the match with a press.
  8. (countable) Pure, unfermented grape juice.
    I would like some Concord press with my meal tonight.
  9. A commission to force men into public service, particularly into the navy.
    Synonym: press-gang
  10. (obsolete) A crowd.
  11. This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    • 2020 August 7, Jonathan Liew, “Phil Foden stars to offer Manchester City glimpse of multiple futures”, in The Guardian[1]:
      a slaloming winger putting lumpen defenders on their backsides, or even a sneaky centre-forward, using his boundless energy to lead the press and force mistakes.
  12. (psychology) In personology, any environmental factor that arouses a need in the individual.
    • 2009, Allison E. Smith, Ageing in Urban Neighbourhoods (page 88)
      The environmental comfort category is illustrative of cases in which there are low environmental presses matched against a number of personal competences.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle English pressen (to crowd, thring, press), from Old French presser (to press) (Modern French presser) from Latin pressāre, from pressus, past participle of premere "to press". Displaced native Middle English thringen (to press, crowd, throng) (from Old English þringan (to press, crowd)), Middle English thrasten (to press, force, urge) (from Old English þrǣstan (to press, force)), Old English þryscan (to press), Old English þȳwan (to press, impress).

Verb[edit]

press (third-person singular simple present presses, present participle pressing, simple past and past participle pressed or prest)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To exert weight or force against, to act upon with force or weight; to exert pressure upon.
  2. (transitive, mechanics, electronics) To activate a button or key by exerting a downward or forward force on it, and then releasing it.
    Synonyms: strike, hit, depress
  3. (transitive) To compress, squeeze.
    Synonyms: thring, thrutch; see also Thesaurus:compress
    to press fruit for the purpose of extracting the juice
  4. (transitive) To clasp, hold in an embrace.
    Synonym: hug
  5. (transitive) To reduce to a particular shape or form by pressure, especially flatten or smooth.
    to press cloth with a clothes-iron
    to press a hat
  6. (transitive, sewing) To flatten a selected area of fabric using an iron with an up-and-down, not sliding, motion, so as to avoid disturbing adjacent areas.
  7. (transitive) To drive or thrust by pressure, to force in a certain direction.
    Synonyms: thring, thrutch
    to press a crowd back
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To weigh upon, oppress, trouble.
    • c. 1621, John Fletcher, “act I, scene ii”, in The Pilgrim:
      He turns from us; / Alas, he weeps too! Something presses him / He would reveal, but dare not. Sir, be comforted.
  9. (transitive) To force to a certain end or result; to urge strongly.
    Synonym: impel
    • 1726 October 28, [Jonathan Swift], “A Further Account of Glubbdubdrib. []”, in Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. [] [Gulliver’s Travels], volume II, London: [] Benj[amin] Motte, [], OCLC 995220039, part III (A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Glubbdubdribb, Luggnagg, and Japan):
      The two gentlemen who conducted me to the island were pressed by their private affairs to return in three days.
  10. To try to force (something upon someone).
    Synonyms: urge, inculcate
    to press the Bible on an audience
    • 1681, John Dryden, The Spanish Fryar: Or, the Double Discovery. [], London: [] Richard Tonson and Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 6484883, Act II, page 27:
      He press'd a letter upon me within this hour.
    • 1713, Joseph Addison, Cato, published 1712, [Act 1, scene 1]:
      Be sure to press upon him every motive.
  11. (transitive) To hasten, urge onward.
    to press a horse in a race
  12. (transitive) To urge, beseech, entreat.
    • 1825, John Winthrop, The History of New England, volume II, page 29:
      God heard their prayers, wherein they earnestly pressed him for the honor of his great name.
  13. (transitive) To lay stress upon.
    Synonym: emphasize
    • 1873, Matthew Arnold, “preface”, in Literature and Dogma:
      If we read but a very little, we naturally want to press it all; if we read a great deal, we are willing not to press the whole of what we read, and we learn what ought to be pressed and what not.
  14. (transitive, intransitive) To throng, crowd.
    Synonyms: thring, thrutch; see also Thesaurus:assemble
  15. (transitive, obsolete) To print.
  16. To force into service, particularly into naval service.
    Synonym: press-gang
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Verb[edit]

press

  1. singular imperative of pressen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of pressen

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verb presse

Noun[edit]

press n (definite singular presset, indefinite plural press, definite plural pressa or pressene)

  1. pressure
  2. (weightlifting) a press
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

press

  1. imperative of presse

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the verb presse

Noun[edit]

press n (definite singular presset, indefinite plural press, definite plural pressa)

  1. pressure
  2. (weightlifting) a press

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

press m (plural press)

  1. press (exercise)

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

press c

  1. a press; a tool that applies pressure (to make things flat, to make juice)
  2. a (printing) press
    stoppa pressarna
    stop the presses
  3. the press (newspapers, journalism as a branch of society)
  4. (mental) pressure
  5. a muscle exercise that applies pressure

Declension[edit]

Declension of press 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative press pressen pressar pressarna
Genitive press pressens pressars pressarnas

Related terms[edit]