kaappi

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Swedish skap (compare modern Swedish skåp), from Middle Low German schap, from Old Saxon skap, from Proto-West Germanic *skap (shape), from Proto-Germanic *skapą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kaappi

  1. cabinet, closet, cupboard (a piece of furniture used for storage and closed with a door)
  2. (colloquial) the closet (a state of secrecy regarding one's sexual identity or similar)
  3. (slang) unit (a physically large, imposing, muscular person)

Usage notes[edit]

Kaappi usually means a moveable piece of furniture, and it can also mean a cabinet or closet that forms part of a larger piece such as a desk. The word for a built-in closet is komero.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kaappi (Kotus type 5*B/risti, pp-p gradation)
nominative kaappi kaapit
genitive kaapin kaappien
partitive kaappia kaappeja
illative kaappiin kaappeihin
singular plural
nominative kaappi kaapit
accusative nom. kaappi kaapit
gen. kaapin
genitive kaapin kaappien
partitive kaappia kaappeja
inessive kaapissa kaapeissa
elative kaapista kaapeista
illative kaappiin kaappeihin
adessive kaapilla kaapeilla
ablative kaapilta kaapeilta
allative kaapille kaapeille
essive kaappina kaappeina
translative kaapiksi kaapeiksi
instructive kaapein
abessive kaapitta kaapeitta
comitative kaappeineen
Possessive forms of kaappi (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person kaappini kaappimme
2nd person kaappisi kaappinne
3rd person kaappinsa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Kaappi.

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Old Swedish skap, possibly via Finnish kaappi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kaappi

  1. closet, cupboard, wardrobe, bookcase (any upright piece of furniture used to store things in)

Declension[edit]

Declension of kaappi (type 5/vahti, pp-p gradation)
singular plural
nominative kaappi kaapit
genitive kaapin kaappiin, kaappiloin
partitive kaappia kaappija, kaappiloja
illative kaappii kaappii, kaappiloihe
inessive kaapiis kaappiis, kaappilois
elative kaapist kaappiist, kaappiloist
allative kaapille kaappiille, kaappiloille
adessive kaapiil kaappiil, kaappiloil
ablative kaapilt kaappiilt, kaappiloilt
translative kaapiks kaappiiks, kaappiloiks
essive kaappinna, kaappiin kaappiinna, kaappiloinna, kaappiin, kaappiloin
exessive1) kaappint kaappiint, kaappiloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 148

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Swedish skap (compare modern Swedish skåp), from Middle Low German schap, from Old Saxon skap, from Proto-West Germanic *skap (shape), from Proto-Germanic *skapą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luuditsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈkɑːpːi/, [ˈkɑːpːi]
  • Rhymes: -ɑːpːi
  • Hyphenation: kaap‧pi

Noun[edit]

kaappi

  1. cupboard, cabinet
  2. closet

Inflection[edit]

Declension of kaappi (type II/võrkko, pp-p gradation)
singular plural
nominative kaappi kaapid
genitive kaapi kaappije, kaappijõ, kaappi
partitive kaappia kaappitõ, kaappi
illative kaappi, kaappisõ kaappije, kaappijõ, kaappisõ
inessive kaapiz kaappiz
elative kaapissõ kaappissõ
allative kaapilõ kaappilõ
adessive kaapillõ kaappillõ
ablative kaapiltõ kaappiltõ
translative kaapissi kaappissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[1], 2 edition, Tallinn