-ka

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Appended to words to create a feminine version of a noun, especially a profession, origin, or proper name.
  2. Appended to words to create a diminutive form of a noun.

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric, compare to Finnish -kka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. (diminutive suffix) Added to a word to express smallness, youth, unimportance, or endearment. When added to present participles, it can also express the instrument or place of the action indicated in the base word.
    cukor (sugar) → cukorka (candy)
    asztal (table) → asztalka (small table)
    jár (to walk) → járó (walking) → járóka (playpen)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (diminutive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ka is added to back vowel words
    -ke is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-ka

  1. rōmaji reading of

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]



Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka f

  1. feminine noun suffix
  2. diminutive noun suffix

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Suffix[edit]

-ka n, n pl

  1. genitive singular of -ko
  2. nominative plural of -ko
  3. vocative plural of -ko

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka (Cyrillic spelling -ка)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, denoting a part, profession, feature, membership, origin, social status, complexion, proper name, abstract noun or animal's name.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Denotes that the word is a feminine version of the word it is appended to.
    Talian (m, an Italian man) + -ka = Talianka (f, an Italian woman)
  2. Sometimes denotes a word as a diminutive
    mucha (f, a fly) + -ka = muška (f, a small fly)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]