-ka

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Basque[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Used to form adverbs from nouns.
    tarte + ‎-ka → ‎tarteka

Derived terms[edit]



Curripaco[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. progressive tense marker
    nuiraka : I am drinking

References[edit]

  • Swintha Danielsen, Tania Granadillo, Agreement in two Arawak languages, in The Typology of Semantic Alignment (edited by Mark Donohue, Søren Wichmann) (2008, →ISBN), page 398

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Appended to words to create a feminine version of a noun, especially a profession, origin, or proper name.
    lékař + ‎-ka → ‎lékařka
  2. Appended to words to create a diminutive form of a noun.
    vlna + ‎-ka → ‎vlnka

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Clitic[edit]

-ka

  1. Back vowel variant of -kä

Usage notes[edit]

Only found fossilized in derived terms, as the clitic is now only attached to forms of the negative verb, all of which have front vowel harmony.


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric. Compare Finnish -kka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. (diminutive suffix) Added to a word to express smallness, youth, unimportance, or endearment. When added to present participles, it can also express the instrument or place of the action indicated in the base word.
    cukor (sugar)cukorka (candy)
    asztal (table)asztalka (small table)
    jár (to walk)járó (walking)járóka (playpen)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (diminutive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ka is added to back vowel words
    -ke is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-ka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

Kambera[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-ka

  1. first person singular accusative enclitic

Particle[edit]

-ka

  1. perfective aspect enclitic
    Na-mutung-ka.
    It burned down.

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]



Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka f

  1. feminine noun suffix
  2. diminutive noun suffix

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Suffix[edit]

-ka n or n pl

  1. genitive singular of -ko
  2. nominative plural of -ko
  3. vocative plural of -ko

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka (Cyrillic spelling -ка)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, denoting a part, profession, feature, membership, origin, social status, complexion, proper name, abstract noun or animal's name.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Denotes that the word is a feminine version of the word it is appended to.
    Talian (m, an Italian man) + -ka = Talianka (f, an Italian woman)
  2. Sometimes denotes a word as a diminutive
    mucha (f, a fly) + -ka = muška (f, a small fly)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Somali[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. the

Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]