-ka

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Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Appended to words to create a feminine version of a noun, especially a profession, origin, or proper name.
  2. Appended to words to create a diminutive form of a noun.

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric, compare to Finnish -kka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. (diminutive suffix) Added to a word to express smallness, youth, unimportance, or endearment. When added to present participles, it can also express the instrument or place of the action indicated in the base word.
    cukor ‎(sugar) → cukorka ‎(candy)
    asztal ‎(table) → asztalka ‎(small table)
    jár ‎(to walk) → járó ‎(walking) → járóka ‎(playpen)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (diminutive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ka is added to back vowel words
    -ke is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-ka

  1. rōmaji reading of

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]



Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka f

  1. feminine noun suffix
  2. diminutive noun suffix

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Suffix[edit]

-ka n, n pl

  1. genitive singular of -ko
  2. nominative plural of -ko
  3. vocative plural of -ko

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka (Cyrillic spelling -ка)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, denoting a part, profession, feature, membership, origin, social status, complexion, proper name, abstract noun or animal's name.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Denotes that the word is a feminine version of the word it is appended to.
    Talian (m, an Italian man) + -ka = Talianka (f, an Italian woman)
  2. Sometimes denotes a word as a diminutive
    mucha (f, a fly) + -ka = muška (f, a small fly)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]