joka

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: jokā, jōka, and jōkā

Basque[edit]

Verb[edit]

joka

  1. Infinitive of jokatu.

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the pronominal stem jo- + the suffix -ka.

The stem jo- is from Proto-Finnic *jo- (pronominal stem), from Proto-Finno-Permic *jo. Related to Karelian joka, Votic jõka, Northern Sami juogọ, Erzya юза тоза (juza toza) and Eastern Mari юж (ûž).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈjokɑ/, [ˈjo̞kɑ]
  • Rhymes: -okɑ
  • Syllabification: jo‧ka

Pronoun[edit]

joka

  1. (relative) who, which, that.

Usage notes[edit]

  • As a relative pronoun, joka tends to refer only to the previous word or phrase, as opposed to a whole clause (like mikä). In colloquial usage, this distinction is usually not as clear-cut.
    Ostin uuden puhelimen, joka on toiminut hyvin.
    I bought a new phone that has been working well. ("that" refers to the phone)
    Ostin uuden puhelimen, mikä oli ihan hyvä kokemus.
    I bought a new phone, which was quite a good experience. ("which" refers to the purchase)
  • In Eastern Finnish dialects, the indeclinable stem -ka is used and, thus, the pronoun forms with -ka can occur in standard Finnish on occasion, but it is colloquial or dialectal:
  • joidenka, jotenka, joihinka, jonneka etc.

Inflection[edit]

Irregular. Some cases are practically never used. The conjunction jos may be the lative singular of this pronoun.

Determiner[edit]

joka

  1. every, each
    Hän käy lenkillä joka päivä.
    She goes jogging every day.
    joka kertaevery time
    joka puolella/puolelta/puolelle, joka paikassa/paikasta/paikkaaneverywhere

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Garo[edit]

Noun[edit]

joka

  1. to flow
    chibima jokangenga
    The river is flowing away

Guaraní[edit]

Verb[edit]

joka

  1. break

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *joka. Cognates include Finnish joka and Karelian joka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

joka (invariable)

  1. every, each
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 49:
      Joka paikaas flakut, väki.
      Everywhere there's flags, there's people
      (literally, “In every place flags, people.”)
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 7:
      No joka predmetan kupahain päivän pittuueel muuttuu.
      But the shadow of every object changes in length during the day.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 105
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[1], →ISBN, page 79

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

joka m

  1. genitive singular form of joks

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ji- +‎ nyoka

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

joka (ma class, plural majoka)

  1. Augmentative of nyoka: serpent (big snake)