joka

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: jokā, jōka, and jōkā

Basque[edit]

Verb[edit]

joka

  1. short stem of jokatu

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the pronominal stem jo- + the suffix -ka.

The stem jo- is from Proto-Finnic *jo, from Proto-Finno-Permic *jo. Related to Karelian joka, Votic jõka, Northern Sami juogọ, Erzya [script needed] (juza toza) and Eastern Mari [script needed] (juž).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈjokɑ/, [ˈjo̞kɑ]
  • Rhymes: -okɑ
  • Syllabification: jo‧ka

Pronoun[edit]

joka

  1. (relative) who, which, that.

Usage notes[edit]

  • As a relative pronoun, joka only tends to refer to the previous word or phrase, as opposed to a whole sentence (like mikä). In colloquial usage, this distinction is usually not as clear-cut.
    Ostin uuden puhelimen, joka on toiminut hyvin.
    I bought a new phone that has been working well. ("that" refers to the phone)
    Ostin uuden puhelimen, mikä oli ihan hyvä kokemus.
    I bought a new phone, which was quite a good experience. ("which" refers to the purchase)
  • In Eastern Finnish dialects, the indeclinable stem -ka is still used and, thus, the pronoun forms with -ka can occur in standard Finnish on occasion, because it is not a big error to use it:
  • joidenka, jotenka, joihinka, jonneka etc.

Inflection[edit]

Irregular. Some cases are practically never used. The conjunction jos may be the lative singular of this pronoun.

Determiner[edit]

joka

  1. every, each
    Hän käy lenkillä joka päivä.
    She goes jogging every day.
    joka kertaevery time
    joka puolella/puolelta/puolelle, joka paikassa/paikasta/paikkaaneverywhere

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Guaraní[edit]

Verb[edit]

joka

  1. break

Ingrian[edit]

Determiner[edit]

joka

  1. every

Synonyms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

joka m

  1. genitive singular form of joks

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ji- +‎ nyoka

Noun[edit]

joka (ma class, plural majoka)

  1. Augmentative of nyoka: serpent (big snake)