From Middle English yeer, yere, from Old English ġēr, ġēar (“year”), from Proto-West Germanic *jār, from Proto-Germanic *jērą (“year”), from Proto-Indo-European *yōro-, *yeh₁ro- (“year, spring”), *yeh₁-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Jier (“year”), West Frisian jier (“year”), Dutch jaar (“year”), German Jahr (“year”), Danish, Norwegian and Swedish år (“year”), Icelandic ár (“year”), Polish jary (“springtime”), Ukrainian ярь (jarʹ, “spring”), Serbo-Croatian jār (“spring”), Ancient Greek ὥρα (hṓra, “year, season”), Avestan 𐬫𐬁𐬭𐬆 (yārə, “year”), Sanskrit पर्यारिणी (paryāríṇī, “calving after a year”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /jɪə/
- (General American) enPR: yîr, IPA(key): /jɪɹ/
- (Wales) (and other regions) IPA(key): /jɜː/
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- Hyphenation: year
- Rhymes: -ɪə(r)
- Rhymes: -ɜː(r) (regional)
year (plural years)
- A solar year, the time it takes the Earth to complete one revolution of the Sun (between 365.24 and 365.26 days depending on the point of reference).
- we moved to this town a year ago; I quit smoking exactly one year ago
- (by extension) The time it takes for any astronomical object (such as a planet, dwarf planet, small Solar System body, or comet) in direct orbit around a star (such as the Sun) to make one revolution around the star.
- Mars goes around the sun once in a Martian year, or 1.88 Earth years.
- A period between set dates that mark a year, from January 1 to December 31 by the Gregorian calendar, from Tishiri 1 to Elul 29 by the Jewish calendar, and from Muharram 1 to Dhu al-Hijjah 29 or 30 by the Islamic calendar.
- 2013 July 20, “The attack of the MOOCs”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
- Dotcom mania was slow in coming to higher education, but now it has the venerable industry firmly in its grip. Since the launch early last year of Udacity and Coursera, two Silicon Valley start-ups offering free education through MOOCs, massive open online courses, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations.
- A normal year has 365 full days, but there are 366 days in a leap year.
- I was born in the year 1950.
- This Chinese year is the year of the Rooster.
- A scheduled part of a calendar year spent in a specific activity.
- During this school year I have to get up at 6:30 to catch the bus.
- (sciences) A Julian year, exactly 365.25 days, represented by "a".
- A level or grade in school or college.
- Every second-year student must select an area of specialization.
- The exams in year 12 at high school are the most difficult.
- The proportion of a creature's lifespan equivalent to one year of an average human lifespan (see also dog year).
- Geneticists have created baker's yeast that can live to 800 in yeast years.
- (one revolution of the Sun by the Earth): twelvemonth
- (time to make one revolution by any body): anomalistic year, Gaussian year, sidereal year, tropical year
- (period between set dates): calendar year, civil year, legal year
- (specific uses): fiscal year, liturgical year, school year
- (1 000 000 000-year): gigayear (Gyr), gigannum (Ga)
- (1 000 000-year): megayear (Myr), mega-annum (Ma)
- all year round
- banner year
- Christmas comes but once a year
- (1000-year): millennium, kiloyear (kyr), yearthousand, millennial
- (100-year): century, yearhundred, centennial, centenary, centuried
- (10-year): decade, decennium, decadal, decennial
- (17-year): septendecennial
- (19-year): enneadecaeteris
- (200-year): bicentennial, bicentenary
- (20-year): vicennium, vicennial
- (2-year): biennium, biennial
- (3000-year): termillenary
- (300-year): tricentennial, tricentenary tercentennial, tercentenary
- (30-year): tricennium, tricennial
- (3-year): triennium, triennial, trieterical
- (4-year): quadrennium, quadrennial
- (5-year): quinquennium, quinquenniad, quintennium, quinquennial, quintennial
- (6-year): sexennium, sexennial
- (7-year): septennium, septennial, septennary, septenniad, septenary, septenarian, septennian, septennual
- (8-year): octennium, octaeteris, octennial, octaeteric
- (9-year): novennium, novennial, enneaeteric, enneatic
- (1⁄2-year): biannual, semiannual, twice-yearly
- (1⁄3-year): triannual
- (1⁄4-year): quarter, quarterly, season, seasonal
- (adj.): yearly, annual, per annum
- (roughly one year): quasi-annual
- (smaller divisions): see month, week, day, etc.
- in the year of our Lord, in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ, on in years, the year dot, year by year
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (Gregorian calendar months) Gregorian calendar month; January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December (Category: en:Gregorian calendar months)
- (Hebrew calendar months) Hebrew calendar month; Tishrei, Cheshvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, Adar, Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av, Elul (Category: en:Hebrew calendar months)
- (Islamic calendar months) Islamic calendar month; Muharram, Safar, Rabi I, Rabi II, Jumada I, Jumada II, Rajab, Sha'aban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Dhu al-Qida, Dhu al-Hijjah (Category: en:Islamic months)
From Middle English yeer, yere, from Old English ġēr, ġēar (“year”), from Proto-West Germanic *jār, from Proto-Germanic *jērą (“year”), from Proto-Indo-European *yōro-, *yeh₁ro- (“year, spring”), *yeh₁-.
year (plural year)