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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sesoun, seson (time of the year), from Old French seson, saison (time of sowing, seeding), from Latin satiō (act of sowing, planting) from satum, past participle of serō (to sow, plant) from Proto-Indo-European *seh₁- (to sow, plant). Akin to Old English sāwan (to sow), sǣd (seed). Displaced native Middle English sele (season) (from Old English sǣl (season, time, occasion)), Middle English tide (season, time of year) (from Old English tīd (time, period, yeartide, season)).


season (plural seasons)

  1. Each of the four divisions of a year: spring, summer, autumn (fall) and winter
    Synonyms: yeartide, yeartime
    • c. 1705, Joseph Addison, Remarks on several parts of Italy, &c. in the years 1701, 1702, 1703
      we saw, in six days' traveling, the several seasons of the year in their beauty and perfection
    • 1973, Jaques Brel (original version), Rod McKuen (lyrics), “Seasons in the Sun”, performed by Terry Jacks:
      We had joy, we had fun, we had seasons in the sun, / But the wine and the song, / like the seasons, have all gone.
  2. A part of a year when something particular happens
    mating season
    the rainy season
    the football season
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand. We spent consider'ble money getting 'em reset, and then a swordfish got into the pound and tore the nets all to slathers, right in the middle of the squiteague season.
  3. (obsolete) That which gives relish; seasoning.
  4. (cricket) The period over which a series of Test matches are played.
  5. (Canada, US, broadcasting) A group of episodes of a television or radio program broadcast in regular intervals with a long break between each group, usually with one year between the beginning of each.
    Synonym: series (British English)
    The third season of “Friends” aired from 1996 to 1997.
  6. (archaic) An extended, undefined period of time.
    • 1656, John Owen, The Mortification of Sin
      So it is in a person when a breach hath been made upon his conscience, quiet, perhaps credit, by his lust, in some eruption of actual sin; — carefulness, indignation, desire, fear, revenge are all set on work about it and against it, and lust is quiet for a season, being run down before them; but when the hurry is over and the inquest is past, the thief appears again alive, and is as busy as ever at his work.
  7. (video games) The full set of downloadable content for a game, which can be purchased with a season pass.
  8. (video games) A fixed period of time in a massively multiplayer online game in which new content (themes, rules, modes, etc.) becomes available, sometimes replacing earlier content.
Usage notes[edit]

In British English, a year-long group of episodes of a television or radio show is called a series, whereas in North American English the word series is a synonym of program or show.

Derived terms[edit]
  • Japanese: シーズン (shīzun)
See also[edit]
Seasons in English · seasons (layout · text)
spring summer fall, autumn winter


season (third-person singular simple present seasons, present participle seasoning, simple past and past participle seasoned)

  1. (transitive) To make fit for any use by time or habit; to habituate; to accustom; to inure.
    to season oneself to a climate
  2. (transitive, by extension) To prepare by drying or hardening, or removal of natural juices.
    The timber needs to be seasoned.
  3. (intransitive) To become mature; to grow fit for use; to become adapted to a climate.
  4. (intransitive) To become dry and hard, by the escape of the natural juices, or by being penetrated with other substance.
    The wood has seasoned in the sun.
  5. (transitive) To mingle: to moderate, temper, or qualify by admixture.
  6. (obsolete) To copulate with; to impregnate.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Holland to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

From French assaisonner.


season (third-person singular simple present seasons, present participle seasoning, simple past and past participle seasoned)

  1. (transitive) To flavour food with spices, herbs or salt.
Related terms[edit]