English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English ( sesoun, seson “ time of the year ”), from Old French ( seson, seison “ time of sowing, seeding ”), from Latin , accusative of satiōnem ( satiō “ act of sowing, planting ”) from , past participle of satum ( serere “ to sow, plant ”) from Proto-Indo-European ( *seh₁- “ to sow, plant ”). Akin to Old English ( sāwan “ to sow ”), Old English ( sǣd “ seed ”). Displaced native Middle English ( sele “ season ”) (from Old English ( sǣl “ season, time, occasion ”)), Middle English ( tide “ season, time of year ”) (from Old English ( tīd “ time, period, yeartide, season ”)).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
season ( plural ) seasons
Each of the four divisions of a
year: spring, summer, autumn and winter; yeartide.
seasons of the year in their beauty A part of a year when something particular happens:
, mating season , rainy season .
: 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients
Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand. We spent consider'ble money getting 'em reset, and then a swordfish got into the pound and tore the nets all to slathers, right in the middle of the squiteague season.
( obsolete ) That which gives relish; seasoning.
1599, William Shakespeare, , Much Ado About Nothing Act 4 Scene 1
O! she is fallen
Into a pit of ink, that the wide sea
Hath drops too few to wash her clean again,
And salt too little which may
season give To her foul-tainted flesh.
1605, Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Macbeth, III, 4
You lack the season of all natures, sleep.
( cricket ) The period over which a series of Test matches are played.
( Canada, US , broadcasting ) A group of episodes of a television or radio program broadcast in regular intervals with a long break between each group, usually with one year between the beginning of each.
The third season of Friends aired from 1996 to 1997.
( obsolete ) An extended, undefined period of time.
1656, John Owen, The Mortification of Sin
So it is in a person when a breach hath been made upon his conscience, quiet, perhaps credit, by his lust, in some eruption of actual sin; — carefulness, indignation, desire, fear, revenge are all set on work about it and against it, and lust is quiet for a
season, being run down before them; but when the hurry is over and the inquest is past, the thief appears again alive, and is as busy as ever at his work.
Usage notes [ edit ]
In British English, a year-long group of episodes is called a
series, whereas in North American English the word "series" is a synonym of "program" or "show".
Synonyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Terms derived from
Translations [ edit ]
quarter of a year
( ລະດູ la dū) Latin:
hora (la) Latvian:
gadalaiks , m sezona f Lithuanian:
metų laikas m Luxembourgish:
Joreszäit f Malay:
musim (ms) Malayalam:
ഋതു ( (ml) r̥tu) Marathi:
ऋतू ( (mr) ŕtū) Narom:
ऋतु ( (ne) ŕtu) Northern Sotho:
årstid (no) , m, f sesong m Occitan:
sason (oc) f Oriya:
موسم ( (fa) mausam), فصل ( (fa) fasl) Polish:
pora roku (pl) f Portuguese:
estação (pt) , f sazão (pt) f Quechua:
sezon (ro) , n anotimp (ro) n Romansch:
stagiun , f stagiùn , f staschung f Russian:
вре́мя го́да (ru) ( n vrémja góda), сезо́н (ru) ( m sezón) Samogitian:
metu laikā Scots:
saison Scottish Gaelic:
aimsir , f ràith f Serbo-Croatian:
годишње доба , n доба n Roman:
godišnje doba , n doba (sh) n Shona:
mwaka yepaNyika Sicilian:
staciuni (scn) , f staggiuni , (scn) stagiuni , (scn) staciuna Slovak:
ročné obdobie n Slovene:
letni čas m Somali:
afarta xilli Spanish:
estación (es) f Swahili:
msimu (sw) Swedish:
årstid (sv) c Tagalog:
pana-panahon (tl) Tamil:
( பருவ காலம் paruva kālam) Telugu:
రుతువు ( (te) rutuvu) Thai:
ฤดู (th) Turkish:
mevsim , (tr) sezon (tr) Turkmen:
пора́ ро́ку ( f porá róku) Urdu:
موسم ( m mausam), فصل ( m fasl), رت ( f rit) Venetian:
, stajon , staxon stagion Vietnamese:
mùa (vi) Volapük:
säsun (vo) Walloon:
såjhon (wa) Welsh:
tymor (cy) m West Frisian:
jiertiid (fy) c Winnebago:
( צײַט פון יאָר tseit fon yar)
part of year with something special
(obsolete) that which gives relish
(obsolete) an extended, undefined period of time
See also [ edit ]
season ( third-person singular simple present , seasons present participle , seasoning simple past and past participle ) seasoned
( transitive ) To flavour food with spices, herbs or salt.
( transitive ) To make fit for any use by time or habit; to habituate; to accustom; to inure; to ripen; to mature; as, to season one to a climate.
( transitive ) Hence, to prepare by drying or hardening, or removal of natural juices; as, to season timber.
( intransitive ) To become mature; to grow fit for use; to become adapted to a climate.
( intransitive ) To become dry and hard, by the escape of the natural juices, or by being penetrated with other substance; as, timber seasons in the sun.
( obsolete ) To copulate with; to impregnate.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Holland to this entry?)
Translations [ edit ]
to make fit for any use by time or habit
to prepare by drying or hardening
Anagrams [ edit ]