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See also: Tempestas




  1. plural of tempesta


Alternative forms[edit]


From tempus (time).



tempestās f (genitive tempestātis); third declension

  1. portion, point, or space of time; time, season, period
  2. (as time's physical qualities) weather (good or bad)
  3. (esp. bad weather) storm, tempest, gale
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.52-54:
      [...] Hic vastō rēx Aeolus antrō
      luctantēs ventōs tempestātēsque sonōrās
      imperiō premit ac vinclīs et carcere frēnat.
      Here in a vast cave, King Aeolus –
      struggling stormwinds! and resounding tempests! –
      by [his] command represses, both with chains and a prison [he] restrains.

      (Through evocative word-sounds the poet repeats the consonants “s” and “t” to portray fantastical noises caused by trapped stormwinds. See Literarcy Consonance; Aeolus (son of Hippotes).)
    Synonyms: turbō, procella
  4. (figuratively) commotion, disturbance; calamity, misfortune


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tempestās tempestātēs
Genitive tempestātis tempestātum
Dative tempestātī tempestātibus
Accusative tempestātem tempestātēs
Ablative tempestāte tempestātibus
Vocative tempestās tempestātēs



Derived terms[edit]



  • tempestas”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tempestas”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tempestas in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • tempestas in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a storm is rising: tempestas cooritur
    • to meet with good weather: tempestatem idoneam, bonam nancisci
    • a storm accompanied by heavy claps of thunder: tempestas cum magno fragore (caeli) tonitribusque (Liv. 1. 16)
    • the ships sail out on a fair wind: ventum (tempestatem) nancti idoneum ex portu exeunt
    • to be driven out of one's course; to drift: tempestate abripi
    • the storm drives some one on an unknown coast: procella (tempestas) aliquem ex alto ad ignotas terras (oras) defert
  • tempestas in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016