time

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See also: Time

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English time, tyme, from Old English tīma ‎(time, period, space of time, season, lifetime, fixed time, favorable time, opportunity), from Proto-Germanic *tīmô ‎(time), from Proto-Indo-European *dī- ‎(time). Cognate with Scots tym, tyme ‎(time), Alemannic German Zimen, Zīmmän ‎(time, time of the year, opportune time, opportunity), Danish time ‎(stound, hour, lesson), Swedish timme ‎(stound, hour), Norwegian time ‎(time, stound, hour), Faroese tími ‎(hour, lesson, time), Icelandic tími ‎(time, season). See also tide.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

time

  1. (tennis) Reminder by the umpire for the players to continue playing after their pause.

Noun[edit]

time ‎(countable and uncountable, plural times)

  1. (uncountable) The inevitable progression into the future with the passing of present events into the past.
    Time stops for nobody.   the ebb and flow of time
    1. (physics, usually uncountable) A dimension of spacetime with the opposite metric signature to space dimensions; the fourth dimension.
      Both science-fiction writers and physicists have written about travel through time.
      • 1895, H.G. Wells, The Time Machine, (ISBN 9781634230001), page 35
        So long as I travelled at a high velocity through time, this scarcely mattered; I was, so to speak, attenuated — was slipping like a vapour through the interstices of intervening substances!
      • 2010, Brian Greene, The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory, W. W. Norton & Company (ISBN 9780393338102), page 204
        We all have a visceral understanding of what it means for the universe to have multiple space dimensions, since we live in a world in which we constantly deal with a plurality — three. But what would it mean to have multiple times? Would one align with time as we presently experience it psychologically while the other would somehow be "different"?
    2. (physics, uncountable) Change associated with the second law of thermodynamics; the physical and psychological result of increasing entropy.
      Time slows down when you approach the speed of light.
      • 2012, Robert Zwilling, Natural Sciences and Human Thought, Springer Science & Business Media (ISBN 9783642786853), page 80
        Eventually time would also die because no processes would continue, no light would flow.
      • 2015, Highfield, Arrow Of Time, Random House (ISBN 9780753551790)
        Given the connection between increasing entropy and the arrow of time, does the Big Crunch mean that time would run backwards as soon as collapse began?
  2. A duration of time.
    1. (uncountable) A quantity of availability of duration.
      More time is needed to complete the project.   You had plenty of time, but you waited until the last minute.   Are you finished yet? Time’s up!
    2. (countable) A measurement of a quantity of time; a numerical or general indication of a length of progression.
      a long time;  Record the individual times for the processes in each batch.   Only your best time is compared with the other competitors.   The algorithm runs in O(n2) time.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity:
        I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time he wore kilts. But I see I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.
      • 1938, Richard Hughes, In Hazard
        The shock of the water, of course, woke him, and he swam for quite a time.
    3. (uncountable, slang) The serving of a prison sentence.
      The judge leniently granted a sentence with no hard time.   He is not living at home because he is doing time.
    4. (countable) An experience.
      We had a wonderful time at the party.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, The Celebrity:
        I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time he wore kilts. But I see I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.
    5. (countable) An era; (with the, sometimes in plural) the current era, the current state of affairs.
      Roman times;  the time of the dinosaurs
      • (Can we date this quote?) Cicero, First Oration against Catiline (translation)
        O the times, O the customs!
      • 1601, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
        The time is out of joint
    6. (uncountable, with possessive) A person's youth or young adulthood, as opposed to the present day.
      In my time, we respected our elders.
    7. (only in singular, sports and figuratively) Time out; temporary, limited suspension of play.
  3. An instant of time.
    1. (uncountable) How much of a day has passed; the moment, as indicated by a clock or similar device.
      Excuse me, have you got the time?   What time is it, do you guess? Ten o’clock?   A computer keeps time using a clock battery.
      • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34: 
        Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
    2. (countable) A particular moment or hour; the appropriate moment or hour for something (especially with prepositional phrase or imperfect subjunctive).
      it’s time for bed;  it’s time to sleep;  we must wait for the right time;  it's time we were going
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, The Celebrity:
        The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.
      • 2013 June 7, Joseph Stiglitz, “Globalisation is about taxes too”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 19: 
        It is time the international community faced the reality: we have an unmanageable, unfair, distortionary global tax regime. It is a tax system that is pivotal in creating the increasing inequality that marks most advanced countries today – with America standing out in the forefront and the UK not far behind.
    3. (countable) A numerical indication of a particular moment.
      at what times do the trains arrive?;  these times were erroneously converted between zones
    4. (countable) An instance or occurrence.
      When was the last time we went out? I don’t remember.
      see you another time;  that’s three times he’s made the same mistake
      Okay, but this is the last time. No more after that!
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, The Celebrity:
        Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.
    5. (Britain, of pubs) Closing time.
      Last call: it's almost time.
    6. The hour of childbirth.
  4. (countable) The measurement under some system of region of day or moment.
    Let's synchronize our watches so we're not on different time.
  5. (countable) Ratio of comparison.
    your car runs three times faster than mine;  that is four times as heavy as this
  6. (grammar, dated) Tense.
    the time of a verb
  7. (music) The measured duration of sounds; measure; tempo; rate of movement; rhythmical division.
    common or triple time;   the musician keeps good time.

Usage notes[edit]

For the number of occurrences and the ratio of comparison, once and twice are used instead of one time and two times. Thrice is uncommon but not obsolescent.

Collocations[edit]

Typical collocations with time or time expressions.

  • spend - To talk about the length of time of an activity.
- We spent a long time driving along the motorway.
- I've spent most of my life working here. (Time expression)
  • take - To talk about the length of time of an activity.
- It took a long time to get to the front of the queue. See also - take one's time
- It only takes five minutes to get to the shop from here. (Time expression)
- How long does it take to do that? (Time expression)

Quotations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

time ‎(third-person singular simple present times, present participle timing, simple past and past participle timed)

  1. To measure or record the time, duration, or rate of.
    I used a stopwatch to time myself running around the block.
  2. To choose when something begins or how long it lasts.
    The President timed his speech badly, coinciding with the Super Bowl.
    The bomb was timed to explode at 9:20 p.m.
    • Francis Bacon
      There is no greater wisdom than well to time the beginnings and onsets of things.
  3. (obsolete) To keep or beat time; to proceed or move in time.
    • Whittier
      With oar strokes timing to their song.
  4. (obsolete) To pass time; to delay.
  5. To regulate as to time; to accompany, or agree with, in time of movement.
    • Addison
      Who overlooked the oars, and timed the stroke.
    • Shakespeare
      He was a thing of blood, whose every motion / Was timed with dying cries.
  6. To measure, as in music or harmony.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to measure time): clock
  • (to choose the time for): set

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tími, from Proto-Germanic *tīmô ‎(time), from Proto-Indo-European *tī-, from *dī- ‎(time).

Noun[edit]

time c (singular definite timen, plural indefinite timer)

  1. hour
  2. lesson, class

Inflection[edit]

Verb[edit]

time ‎(imperative time, infinitive at time, present tense timer, past tense timede, past participle har timet)

  1. time

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

tim- + -e

Adverb[edit]

time

  1. fearfully

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

timē

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of timeō

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tími, from Proto-Germanic *tīmô ‎(time), from Proto-Indo-European *tī-, from *dī- ‎(time).

Noun[edit]

time m ‎(definite singular timen, indefinite plural timer, definite plural timene)

  1. an hour
  2. a lesson, class

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tími, from Proto-Germanic *tīmô ‎(time), from Proto-Indo-European *tī-, from *dī- ‎(time).

Noun[edit]

time m ‎(definite singular timen, indefinite plural timar, definite plural timane)

  1. an hour
  2. a lesson, class

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English team, from Middle English teme, from Old English tēam ‎(child-bearing, offspring, brood, set of draught animals), from Proto-Germanic *taumaz ‎(that which draws or pulls), from Proto-Germanic *taugijaną, *tugōną, *teuhōną, *teuhaną ‎(to lead, bring, pull, draw), from Proto-Indo-European *dewk- ‎(to pull, lead).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

time m (plural times)

  1. (Brazil, chiefly sports) a team
  2. (Brazil, informal) sexual orientation

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

time

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of timar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of timar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of timar.