time

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See also: Time, timé, and tìme

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English tyme, time, from Old English tīma (time, period, space of time, season, lifetime, fixed time, favorable time, opportunity), from Proto-Germanic *tīmô (time), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂imō, from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂y- (to divide). Cognate with Scots tym, tyme (time), Alemannic German Zimen, Zīmmän (time, time of the year, opportune time, opportunity), Danish time (hour, lesson), Swedish timme (hour), Norwegian time (time, hour), Faroese tími (hour, lesson, time), Icelandic tími (time, season). Cognate with tide.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

time (countable and uncountable, plural times)

  1. (uncountable) The inevitable progression into the future with the passing of present events into the past.
    Time stops for nobody.   the ebb and flow of time
    1. (physics, usually uncountable) A dimension of spacetime with the opposite metric signature to space dimensions; the fourth dimension.
      Both science-fiction writers and physicists have written about travel through time.
      • 1895, H.G. Wells, The Time Machine, →ISBN, page 35
        So long as I travelled at a high velocity through time, this scarcely mattered; I was, so to speak, attenuated — was slipping like a vapour through the interstices of intervening substances!
      • 2010, Brian Greene, The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory, W. W. Norton & Company →ISBN, page 204
        We all have a visceral understanding of what it means for the universe to have multiple space dimensions, since we live in a world in which we constantly deal with a plurality — three. But what would it mean to have multiple times? Would one align with time as we presently experience it psychologically while the other would somehow be "different"?
    2. (physics, uncountable) Change associated with the second law of thermodynamics; the physical and psychological result of increasing entropy.
      Time slows down when you approach the speed of light.
      • 2012, Robert Zwilling, Natural Sciences and Human Thought, Springer Science & Business Media →ISBN, page 80
        Eventually time would also die because no processes would continue, no light would flow.
      • 2015, Highfield, Arrow Of Time, Random House →ISBN
        Given the connection between increasing entropy and the arrow of time, does the Big Crunch mean that time would run backwards as soon as collapse began?
    3. (physics, uncountable, reductionistic definition) The property of a system which allows it to have more than one distinct configuration.
      An essential definition of time should entail neither speed nor direction, just change.
  2. A duration of time.
    1. (uncountable) A quantity of availability of duration.
      More time is needed to complete the project.   You had plenty of time, but you waited until the last minute.   Are you finished yet? Time’s up!
    2. (countable) A measurement of a quantity of time; a numerical or general indication of a length of progression.
      a long time;  Record the individual times for the processes in each batch.   Only your best time is compared with the other competitors.   The algorithm runs in O(n2) time.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, in The Celebrity:
        I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time he wore kilts. But I see I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.
      • 1938, Richard Hughes, In Hazard
        The shock of the water, of course, woke him, and he swam for quite a time.
    3. (uncountable, slang) The serving of a prison sentence.
      • 1994, Dana Stabenow, A Cold-Blooded Business, →ISBN, page 64:
        Arrested on duty at Fort Richardson, both parents had worked hard at blaming the other for their son's death, but Kate's meticulous recording of the detail of the bruising found on the child's body and the physical evidence surrounding the scene, plus patient, painstaking interviews with neighbors above and below stairs had resulted in time for both.
      The judge leniently granted a sentence with no hard time.   He is not living at home because he is doing time.
    4. (countable) An experience.
      We had a wonderful time at the party.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, The Celebrity:
        I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time he wore kilts. But I see I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.
    5. (countable) An era; (with the, sometimes in plural) the current era, the current state of affairs.
      Roman times;  the time of the dinosaurs
      • (Can we date this quote?) Cicero, First Oration against Catiline (translation)
        O the times, O the customs!
      • 1601, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
        The time is out of joint
    6. (uncountable, with possessive) A person's youth or young adulthood, as opposed to the present day.
      In my time, we respected our elders.
    7. (only in singular, sports and figuratively) Time out; temporary, limited suspension of play.
  3. An instant of time.
    1. (uncountable) How much of a day has passed; the moment, as indicated by a clock or similar device.
      Excuse me, have you got the time?   What time is it, do you guess? Ten o’clock?   A computer keeps time using a clock battery.
      • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
        Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
    2. (countable) A particular moment or hour; the appropriate moment or hour for something (especially with prepositional phrase or imperfect subjunctive).
      it’s time for bed;  it’s time to sleep;  we must wait for the right time;  it's time we were going
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
        The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.
      • 2013 June 7, Joseph Stiglitz, “Globalisation is about taxes too”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 19:
        It is time the international community faced the reality: we have an unmanageable, unfair, distortionary global tax regime. It is a tax system that is pivotal in creating the increasing inequality that marks most advanced countries today – with America standing out in the forefront and the UK not far behind.
    3. (countable) A numerical indication of a particular moment.
      at what times do the trains arrive?;  these times were erroneously converted between zones
    4. (countable) An instance or occurrence.
      When was the last time we went out? I don’t remember.
      see you another time;  that’s three times he’s made the same mistake
      Okay, but this is the last time. No more after that!
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Celebrity:
        Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.
    5. (Britain, of pubs) Closing time.
      Last call: it's almost time.
    6. The hour of childbirth.
  4. (countable) The measurement under some system of region of day or moment.
    Let's synchronize our watches so we're not on different time.
  5. (countable) Ratio of comparison.
    your car runs three times faster than mine;  that is four times as heavy as this
  6. (grammar, dated) Tense.
    the time of a verb
    • 1823, Lindley Murray, Key to the Exercises Adapted to Murray's English Grammar, Fortland, page 53f.:
      Though we have, in the notes under the thirteenth rule of the Grammar, explained in general the principles, on which the time of a verb in the infinitive mood may be ascertained, and its form determined; [...]
    • 1829, Benjamin A. Gould, Adam's Latin Grammar, Boston, page 153:
      The participles of the future time active, and perfect passive, when joined with the verb esse, were sometimes used as indeclinable; thus, [...]
  7. (music) The measured duration of sounds; measure; tempo; rate of movement; rhythmical division.
    common or triple time;   the musician keeps good time.

Usage notes[edit]

For the number of occurrences and the ratio of comparison, once and twice are typically used instead of one time and two times. Thrice is uncommon but not obsolescent.

Typical collocations with time or time expressions.

  • spend - To talk about the length of time of an activity.
- We spent a long time driving along the motorway.
- I've spent most of my life working here. (Time expression)
  • take - To talk about the length of time of an activity.
- It took a long time to get to the front of the queue. See also - take one's time
- It only takes five minutes to get to the shop from here. (Time expression)
- How long does it take to do that? (Time expression)

Quotations[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. To measure or record the time, duration, or rate of.
    I used a stopwatch to time myself running around the block.
  2. To choose when something begins or how long it lasts.
    The President timed his speech badly, coinciding with the Super Bowl.
    The bomb was timed to explode at 9:20 p.m.
    • Francis Bacon
      There is no greater wisdom than well to time the beginnings and onsets of things.
  3. Lua error: not enough memory To keep or beat time; to proceed or move in time.
    • Whittier
      With oar strokes timing to their song.
  4. Lua error: not enough memory To pass time; to delay.
  5. To regulate as to time; to accompany, or agree with, in time of movement.
    • Addison
      Who overlooked the oars, and timed the stroke.
    • Shakespeare
      He was a thing of blood, whose every motion / Was timed with dying cries.
  6. To measure, as in music or harmony.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

Derived terms[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Interjection[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

See also[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

References[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. hour
  2. lesson, class

Verb[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. time

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

Adverb[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. fearfully

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

References[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memoryHarry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Lua error: not enough memory, New York: Harper & Brothers

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory.

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Etymology 2[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory.

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

Etymology[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. an hour
  2. a lesson, class

Derived terms[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

References[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

Etymology[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory. Akin to Lua error: not enough memory.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. an hour
  2. a lesson, class
  3. Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory (mainly poetic)
    • 1945, Jakob Sande, "Da Daniel drog":
      No er timen komen, Daniel!
      Now the time has come, Daniel!

Derived terms[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

References[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. time
  2. hour
  3. occasion

Declension[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

Descendants[edit]

  • Swedish: Lua error: not enough memory

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory a team
  2. Lua error: not enough memory sexual orientation

Synonyms[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory / Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

Scots[edit]

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. First-person singular (Lua error: not enough memory) present subjunctive form of Lua error: not enough memory.
  2. Formal second-person singular (Lua error: not enough memory) present subjunctive form of Lua error: not enough memory.
  3. Third-person singular (Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, also used with Lua error: not enough memory?) present subjunctive form of Lua error: not enough memory.